by Ken Cayce

Ken Cayce All rights reserved.


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Titus Explained

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Book of Titus Explained

Titus was one of the circle of young men who were the "many witnesses" to whom the apostle Paul committed the things given to him, so they could pass them on to others who in turn would "teach others also" (2 Tim. 2:2). He, together with Timothy, traveled with the apostle Paul. While Timothy was half Jewish and half Gentile, Titus was of purely Gentile extraction (Gal. 2: 1-3).

Title: This epistle is named for its recipient, Titus, who is mentioned by name 13 times in the New Testament. The title in the Greek New Testament literally reads "To Titus. Along with 1 and 2 Timothy, these letters to Paul's sons in the faith are traditionally called "The Pastoral Epistles."

Authorship: The epistle claims to have come from the pen of Paul. Its contents bear this out. Paul's purposes in writing were to assist Titus in his task of bringing organization to the disorganized work on the island of Crete, to instruct and encourage Titus in his work, to instruct Titus to assist Zenas and Apollos in their ministry, and to help them get to their next place of ministry (3:13).

Historical Setting: Timothy served as Paul's special apostolic delegate to Ephesus. In like manner, Titus served as Paul's special apostolic delegate to Corinth (2 Cor. 7:6-7; 8:6, 16). About A.D. 63-64, while Paul ministered to Macedonian churches between his first and second Roman imprisonments, Paul traveled with Timothy and Titus. He left Timothy in Ephesus and traveled on to Crete with Titus. Paul left Titus in Crete to provide leadership for the church there (1:5).

Because of his involvement with the church at Corinth during Paul's third missionary journey, Titus is mentioned 9 times in 2 Corinthians (2:13; 7:6, 13-14, 8:6, 16, 23; 12:18), where Paul refers to him as "my brother" (2:13), and "my partner and fellow worker" (8:23). The young elder was already familiar with Judaizers (false teachers in the church), who among other things insisted that all Christians, Gentile as well as Jew, were bound by the mosaic law. Titus had accompanied Paul and Barnabas years earlier to the council of Jerusalem where that heresy was the subject (Acts 15; Gal. 2:1-5).

Crete, one of the largest islands in the Mediterranean Sea, measuring 160 miles long by 35 miles wide, lying south of the Aegean Sea, had been briefly visited by Paul on his voyage to Rome (Acts 27:7-9, 12, 13, 21). He returned there for ministry and later left Titus to continue the work, much as he left Timothy at Ephesus (1 Tim. 1:3), while he went on to Macedonia. He most likely wrote to Titus in response to a letter from Titus or a report from Crete.

Somewhere during the period of A.D. 64-66, Paul wrote letters to Timothy (1 Tim.), and Titus. Titus was apparently less reserved than Timothy. The precise date of the letter and who bore it to Titus are not known. The immediate occasion of the letter was to tell Titus that Paul had meant to send Artemas and Tychicus to replace him at Crete, and to instruct Titus to come to him at Nicopolis (3:12). The last mention of Titus is (in 2 Timothy 4:10). He had apparently visited Paul in prison in Rome and had departed for Dalmatia, perhaps to start a new work there.

In his short epistle to Titus, Paul wrote directions similar to those he had written in his first letter to Timothy. The difference between the two epistles is one of emphasis. In 1 Timothy, Paul's emphasis is on the leaders of the local church; in Titus, the emphasis is on the organization of the local church.

Like Paul's two letters to Timothy, the apostle gives personal encouragement and counsel to a young pastor who, though well-trained and faithful, faced continuing opposition from ungodly men within the churches where he ministered. Titus was to pass on that encouragement and counsel to the leaders he was to appoint in the Cretan churches (1:5).

In contrast to several of Paul's other letters, such as those to the churches in Rome and Galatia, the book of Titus does not focus on explaining or defending doctrine. Paul had full confidence in Titus' theological understanding and convictions, evidenced by the fact that he entrusted him with such a demanding ministry. Except for the warning about false teachers and Judaizers, the letter gives no theological correction, strongly suggesting that Paul also had confidence in the doctrinal grounding of most church members there, despite the fact that the majority of them were new believers.

Doctrines that this epistle affirms include:

(1) God's sovereign election of believers (1:1-2);

(2) His saving grace (2:11; 3:5);

(3) Christ's deity and second coming (2:13);

(4) Christ's substitutionary atonement (2:14); and

(5) The regeneration and renewing of believers by the Holy Spirit (3:5).

God and Christ are regularly referred to as Savior (1:3-4; 2:10, 13; 3:4, 6), and the saving plan is so emphasized (in 2:11-14), that it indicates the major thrust of the epistle is that of equipping the churches of Crete for effective evangelism. This preparation required godly leaders who not only would shepherd believers under their care (1:5-9), but also would equip those Christians for evangelizing their pagan neighbors, who had been characterized by one of their own famous natives as liars, evil beasts, and lazy gluttons (1:12). In order to gain a hearing for the gospel among such people, the believers' primary preparation for evangelization was to live among themselves with the unarguable testimony of righteous, loving, selfless and godly lives (2:2-14), in marked contrast to the debauched lives of the false teachers (1:10-16). How they behaved with reference to governmental authorities and unbelievers was also crucial to their testimony (3:1-8).

Themes: Several major themes repeat themselves throughout Titus. They include: work(s) (1:16; 2:7, 14; 3:1, 5, 8, 14); soundness in faith and doctrine (1:4, 9, 13; 2:1-2, 7-8, 10; 3:15); and salvation (1:3-4; 2:10, 13; 3:4, 6).


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Titus 1
Titus 2
Titus 3

Titus 1

Titus Chapter 1

Titus 1:1   Paul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God™s elect, and the acknowledging of the truth which is after godliness;

Titus 1:2   In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began;

Titus 1:3   But hath in due times manifested his word through preaching, which is committed unto me according to the commandment of God our Savior;

Titus 1:4   To Titus, own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Savior.

Titus 1:5   For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders in every city, as I had appointed thee:

Titus 1:6   If any be blameless, the husband of one wife, having faithful children not accused of riot or unruly.

Titus 1:7   For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not self-willed, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre;

Titus 1:8   But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, sober, just, holy, temperate;

Titus 1:9   Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.

Titus 1:10   For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision:

Titus 1:11   Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre™s sake.

Titus 1:12   One of themselves, a prophet of their own, said, The Cretians always liars, evil beasts, slow bellies.:

Titus 1:13   This witness is true. Wherefore rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith;

Titus 1:14   Not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn from the truth.

Titus 1:15   Unto the pure all things pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled.

Titus 1:16   They profess that they know God; but in works they deny , being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.

Titus 2

Titus Chapter 2

Titus 2:1   But speak thou the things which become sound doctrine:

Titus 2:2   That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience.

Titus 2:3   The aged women likewise, that in behavior as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things;

Titus 2:4   That they may teach the young women to be sober, to love their husbands, to love their children,

Titus 2:5    discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.

Titus 2:6   Young men likewise exhort to be sober minded.

Titus 2:7   In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity,

Titus 2:8   Sound speech, that cannot be condemned; that he that is of the contrary part may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say of you.

Titus 2:9    servants to be obedient unto their own masters, to please well in all ; not answering again;

Titus 2:10   Not purloining, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in all things.

Titus 2:11   For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men,

Titus 2:12   Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;

Titus 2:13   Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Savior Jesus Christ;

Titus 2:14   Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

Titus 2:15   These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise thee.

Titus 3

Titus Chapter 3

Titus 3:1   Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work,

Titus 3:2   To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, gentle, showing all meekness unto all men.

Titus 3:3   For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, hating one another.

Titus 3:4   But after that the kindness and love of God our Savior toward man appeared,

Titus 3:5   Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;

Titus 3:6   Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Savior;

Titus 3:7   That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.

Titus 3:8    a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable unto men.

Titus 3:9   But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law; for they are unprofitable and vain.

Titus 3:10   A man that is an heretic after the first and second admonition reject;

Titus 3:11   Knowing that he that is such is subverted, and sinneth, being condemned of himself.

Titus 3:12   When I shall send Artemas unto thee, or Tychicus, be diligent to come unto me to Nicopolis: for I have determined there to winter.

Titus 3:13   Bring Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their journey diligently, that nothing be wanting unto them.

Titus 3:14   And let ours also learn to maintain good works for necessary uses, that they be not unfruitful.

Titus 3:15   All that are with me salute thee. Greet them that love us in the faith. Grace with you all. Amen.