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Proverbs Explained

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Book of Proverbs Explained

Title: The title in the Hebrew Bible is "The Proverbs of Solomon" (1:1), as also in the Greek Septuagint (LXX). Proverbs pulls together the most important 513 of the over 3,000 proverbs pondered by Solomon (1 Kings 4:32; Eccl. 12:9), along with some proverbs of others whom Solomon likely influenced. The word "proverb" means "to be like", thus Proverbs is a book of comparisons between common, concrete images and life's most profound truths. Proverbs are simple, moral statements (or illustrations), that highlight and teach fundamental realities about life. Solomon sought God's wisdom (2 Chron. 1:8-12), and offered "pithy sayings" designed to make men contemplate:

(1) The fear of God; and

(2) Living by His wisdom (1:7; 9:10).

The sum of this wisdom is personified in the Lord Jesus Christ (1 Cor. 1:30).

Authorship - Date: The phrase "Proverbs of Solomon" is more a title than an absolute statement of authorship (1:1). While King Solomon, who ruled Israel from 971 - 931 B.C. and was granted great wisdom by God (see 1 Kings 4:29-34), is the author of the didactic section (chapters 1-9), and the proverbs of (10:1 - 22:16), he is likely only the compiler of the "sayings of the wise" (in 22:17 - 24:34), which are of an uncertain date before Solomon's reign. The collection (in chapters 25-29), was originally composed by Solomon (25:1), but copied and included later by Judah's king Hezekiah (ca. 715 - 686 B.C.).

Proverbs was not assembled in its final form until Hezekiah's day or after. Solomon authored his proverbs before his heart was turned away from God (1 Kings 11:1-11), since the book reveals a godly perspective and is addressed to the "nave" and "young" who need to learn the fear of God. Solomon also wrote Psalms 72 and 127, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Solomon.

Though Solomon's name is traditionally attached to the entire book, it is clear for 22:17; 24:23; 30:1 and 31:1), that unidentified wise men, as well as two who are identified (Augur and Lemuel), also shared in the composition of the book. There are three Solomonic collections in the book (1:1; 10:1; 25:1). Since Solomon authored most of the book, the attachment of his name to it is warranted.

Because most of the book was authored by Solomon, its contents should be dated in the middle of the tenth century B.C. On the other hand, the book's final form could not have existed earlier than the time of Hezekiah (ca. 700 B.C.), since Solomon's proverbs were still being collected at that time (25:1).

Background - Setting: The book reflects a 3-fold setting as:

(1) General wisdom literature;

(2) Insights from the royal court; and

(3) Instruction offered in the tender relationship of a father and mother with their children, all designed to produce meditation on God.

Since Proverbs is Wisdom literature, by nature it is sometimes difficult to understand (1:6). Wisdom literature is part of the whole of Old Testament truth; the Priest gave the law, the Prophet gave a Word from the Lord, and the Sage (or wise man), gave his wise Counsel (Jer. 18:18; Ezek. 7:26). In proverbs, Solomon the Sage gives insight into the "knotty" issues of life (1:6), which are not directly addressed in the Law or the Prophets. Though it is practical, Proverbs is not superficial or external because it contains moral and ethical elements stressing upright living which flow out of a right relationship with God. In 4:1-4, Solomon connected 3 generations as he entrusted to his son Rehoboam what he learned at the feet of David and Bath-sheba. Proverbs is both a pattern for the tender impartation of truth from generation to generation, as well as a vast resource for the content of the truth to be imparted. Proverbs contains the principle and applications of Scripture which the godly characters of the Bible illustrate in their lives.

Historical - Theological themes: Solomon came to the throne with great promise, privilege and opportunity. God had granted his request for understanding (1 Kings 3:9-12; 2 Chron. 1:10-12), and his wisdom exceeded all others (1 Kings 4:29-31). However, the shocking reality is that he failed to live out the truth that he knew and even taught his son Rehoboam (1 Kings 11:1, 4, 6; 7-11), who subsequently rejected his father's teaching (1 Kings 12:6-11).

Proverbs contains a gold mine of biblical theology, reflecting themes of Scripture brought to the level of practical righteousness (1:3), by addressing man's ethical choices, calling into question how he thinks, lives, and manages his daily life in light of divine truth. More specifically, Proverbs calls man to live as the Creator intended him to live when He made man (Psalms 90:1-2, 12).

The recurring promise of Proverbs is that generally the wise (the righteous who obey God), live longer (9:11), prosper 2:20-22), experience joy (3:13-18), and the goodness of God temporally (12:21), while fools suffer shame (3:35), and death (10:21). On the other hand, it must be remembered that this general principle is balanced by the reality that the wicked sometimes prosper (Psalms 73:3, 12), though only temporarily (Psalm 73:17-19). Job illustrates that there are occasions when the godly wise are struck with disaster and suffering.

The two major themes which are interwoven and overlapping throughout Proverbs are wisdom and folly. Wisdom, which includes knowledge, understanding, instruction, discretion, and obedience, is built on the fear of the Lord and the Word of God. Folly is everything opposite to wisdom.

Interpretation - Purpose: The purpose of the book is clearly to show the reader how to live life wisely or skillfully. As a matter of fact, the entire structure of the book is arranged to carry out this purpose. In the Introductions (1:1-7), the title, purpose, and motto of the book are clearly spelled out. Beginning (in 1:8), there are 10 consecutive exhortations or homilies, each beginning with the words "my son". In this series of exhortations, the father sets before the son what might well be called "the theology of the two ways": the way of wisdom and the way of folly. These passages do not contain individual proverbs, but consist of brief, logically argued treatises that serve to whet the son's appetite to apply the actual proverbs (which begin at 10:1). The juxtaposition of such discourses in the same book with the two-line saying is common in the ancient Near Eastern wisdom literature. In (10:1 - 22:6), there are 375 proverbs of Solomon, each of which represents in some way the choice to be made between wisdom and folly. The remaining 284 verses are divided among several authors, but they likewise carry on the same theme.

There is an ordered flow of thought in the first nine chapters of the book, but this is not true (beginning at 10:1). The best way to study the latter section is by topics. A simple perusal of the subjects covered leaves the distinct impression that wisdom is prerequisite to skillful dealing in every area of life. Indeed, this is the very aim of the authors! These topics include: the family, death, life, discretion, eating, enemies, the fear of the Lord, the fool, friendship, God, the heart (or mind), the home, the king, knowledge, labor, law, lazy people, love, neighbors, peace, poverty, prayer, pride, riches, righteousness, sex, shame, sin, sleep, soul, spirit, the tongue, trust, the wicked, wine, wisdom, women and words. If one inculcates into his life the moral discipline commanded (in chapters 1-9), and masters the practical application of wisdom expressed (in chapters 10-31), he will truly have an abundant and successful life.


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Proverbs 1 Proverbs 12 Proverbs 23
Proverbs 2 Proverbs 13 Proverbs 24
Proverbs 3 Proverbs 14 Proverbs 25
Proverbs 4 Proverbs 15 Proverbs 26
Proverbs 5 Proverbs 16 Proverbs 27
Proverbs 6 Proverbs 17 Proverbs 28
Proverbs 7 Proverbs 18 Proverbs 29
Proverbs 8 Proverbs 19 Proverbs 30
Proverbs 9 Proverbs 20 Proverbs 31
Proverbs 10 Proverbs 21
Proverbs 11 Proverbs 22  

Proverbs 1

Proverbs Chapter 1

The book of proverbs has been known as the book of wisdom from the very beginning. Most of the writing of Proverbs has been credited to the pen of Solomon. God has given Solomon the wisdom to rule his people fairly. Proverbs is actually a book of instructions on how to live a life pleasing to God and how to be more peaceful with all of mankind. It is a wonderful book for people of all ages to study how to live moral, peaceful lives. The purpose of the book is for moral instructions on everyday living.

The main topic is the fear of the Lord. In fact, the "Fear of the Lord" is mentioned fourteen times. Solomon's instructions were very good. He would have been better off if he had heeded his own instructions. Solomon, in his later life strayed from his own teaching.

A "proverb" is a wise saying. It is similar to a parable in fact it bears a hidden message.

Proverbs 1:1 "The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel;"

We see that these wise sayings are of Solomon, who is the second son of David and Bath-sheba. David and Solomon were each king of Israel for forty years.

The basic meaning of the Hebrew word for proverb is "comparison," but it came to stand for a wide range of wise pronouncements including the byword lament and thought provoking sayings. In the Book of Proverbs, the word is used to refer to an aphorism or concise statement of a principle or to a discourse.

The word aphorism (literally "distinction" or "definition", from the Greek: "from-to bound") denotes an original thought, spoken or written in a laconic and easily memorable form.

Laconic means: brief and to the point; effectively cut short; "a crisp retort"; "a response so curt as to be almost rude"; "the laconic reply; yes".

The proverbs are short pithy sayings which express timeless truth and wisdom. They arrest one's thoughts, causing the reader to reflect on how one might apply divine principles to life situations. Proverbs contains insight both in poetry and prose; yet, at the same time, it includes commands to be obeyed. God's proverbs are not limited to this book alone.

As Solomon became king of Israel, he sought and received wisdom and knowledge from the Lord which led him to wealth, honor and fame.

In verses 2-6 the two fold purpose of the book is produce the skill of godly living by wisdom and instruction (verse 2a), which is then expanded (in verses 3 and 4); and then to develop discernment (verse 2b), which is expanded (in verse 5).

Proverbs 1:2 "To know wisdom and instruction; to perceive the words of understanding;"

Wisdom is the key word of the book and basically means "skill in living." It is used in the Old Testament to refer to a physical skill such as tailoring, metalwork and woodwork, spinning, engraving and designing, and warfare. Used metaphorically (as in Proverbs), it refers to the skill to live life successfully.

Instruction refers to moral discipline of one's life, not to classroom instruction. It refers to the discipline of a moral nature.

Understanding means the capability to distinguish between true and false, good and bad, what matters most, and what does not matter at all. To the Hebrew mind, wisdom was not knowledge alone, but the skill of living a godly life as God intended man to live. This word looks at the mental discipline which matures one for spiritual discernment.

Solomon came to the throne with great promise, privilege and opportunity. God had granted his request for understanding and his wisdom exceeded all others. However the shocking reality is that he failed to live out the truth that he knew and even taught his son Rehoboam, who subsequently rejected his father's teaching.

Proverbs contains a gold mine of biblical theology, reflecting themes of Scripture brought to the lever of practical righteousness, by addressing man's ethical choices, calling into question how he thinks, lives and manages his daily life in light of divine truth. More specifically, Proverbs calls man to live as the Creator intended him to live when He made man.

The recurring promise of Proverbs is that generally the wise (those of righteousness who obey God), live longer, prosper, and experience joy and the goodness of God temporally, while fools suffer shame and death. On the other hand, it must be remembered that this general principle is balanced by the reality that the wicked sometimes prosper, though only temporarily. Job illustrates that there are occasions when the godly wise are struck with disaster and suffering.

Proverbs 1:3 "To receive the instruction of wisdom, justice, and judgment, and equity;"

Expanding the purpose and terms (of verse 2a), Proverbs engages in a process of schooling a son in the disciplines of

(1) Wisdom (a different Hebrew word from that in verse 2), which means discreet counsel or the ability to govern oneself by choice;

(2) Justice, the ability to conform to the will and standard of God; a practical righteousness that matches one's positional righteousness;

(3) Judgment, the application of true righteousness in dealing with others; and

(4) Equity, the living of life in a fair, pleasing way.

Proverbs 1:4 "To give subtlety to the simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion."

"Wisdom" is the ultimate goal, so we see it mentioned here. "Instruction" can flow out from the greatest teacher of all time and still we will be no more the wiser. The point made here is to receive the instruction into your being and in so doing become the wiser. We have to receive the instructions for it to help us. We must open up "perceive" our understanding. The "equity", "judgment", and "justice" are the fruits of wisdom. A wise man will be just, etc.

To give "subtlety to the simple": The purpose is to impart discernment to the naive and the ignorant. The root of "simple" is a word meaning "an open door," and apt description of the undiscerning, who do not know what to keep in or out of their minds.

To the young, knowledge and discretion is to make one ponder before sinning, thus to make a responsible choice.

Proverbs 1:5 "A wise [man] will hear, and will increase learning; and a man of understanding shall attain unto wise counsels:"

Be quick to listen and slow to speak is a very good way of learning. A man of understanding will want to be counseled by older, wiser men. They will be quick to be instructed by someone who has already experienced the same thing. These wise counsels can save many mistakes.

The wise believer will have the ability to guide or govern others with truth.

Proverbs 1:6 "To understand a proverb, and the interpretation; the words of the wise, and their dark sayings."

Jesus said that now we look through a dark glass. We cannot understand the secrets of proverbs and parables now. We understand them to the extent that the Holy Spirit reveals them to us. Even the disciples had Jesus interpret his parables. The Holy Spirit, working as a teacher, helps us interpret the hidden meanings.

Proverbs seeks to sharpen the mind by schooling one in "parabolic speech" and "dark sayings" that need reflection and interpretation. Study of the scriptures is sufficient to provide the wisdom for the perplexities of life.

Proverbs 1:7 "The fear of the LORD [is] the beginning of knowledge: [but] fools despise wisdom and instruction."

There is very little left to say about this statement. We know the fear of anything other than God is lack of faith. This type of fear of God would cause reverent worship of him.

In James 1:5 "If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all [men] liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him."

A fool does not even realize that instruction and wisdom will benefit him. He goes away ignorant as before, because he will not let anyone instruct him.

The fear of the Lord means submission to the Lord and His revelation. When one is afraid of something, he either runs from it or submits to it. The latter idea is in view here. It is a healthy fear, like the fear of electricity or the fear of one's parents, which causes one to act in an appropriate manner. The beginning does not mean that "the fear of the Lord" is left behind in the course of acquiring wisdom, but that it is the controlling principle of wisdom.

Proverbs 1:8 "My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother:"

The two people in the world who want you to have the best of everything are your mother and father. The instructions they are trying to get you to heed are to save you headache and troubles. They have your welfare at heart. Accept their instructions so that you can gain from their experience and not have to make the same mistakes they have already made. They wish you only good, not evil.

My son begins the first of 10 similar discourses in which the father appeals to the son to listen to his counsel and choose wisdom over folly. The mention of the Mother shows that the original setting of the book was the home, not the court or school.

Proverbs 1:9 "For they [shall be] an ornament of grace unto thy head, and chains about thy neck."

The greatest gift a parent can give to a child is the gift of good moral teaching. This "grace" above, I believe, is just that. These parents have set high moral standards and passed them on to their children.

Chains about thy neck: refers to an adornment or thing of beauty in one's life.

Proverbs 1:10 "My son, if sinners entice thee, consent thou not."

You see, we are a free moral agent. We decide whether we will sin or not. Just because the crowd is sinning, is no reason to get involved. Use your own free will and say "no" to sin, even if it is inviting. In the long run, we are responsible for our own decisions.

Sinners is a term reserved in Scripture to describe unbelievers for whom sin is continual and who endeavor to persuade even believers to sin with them. The sins of murder and robbery are used as illustrations of such folly.

Proverbs 1:11 "If they say, Come with us, let us lay wait for blood, let us lurk privily for the innocent without cause:"

"Come with us". The intimidating force of peer pressure is often the way to entice those who lack wisdom.

Proverbs 1:12 "Let us swallow them up alive as the grave; and whole, as those that go down into the pit:"

The wicked devise a plot of deception in which the innocent are captured and victimized like one who is taken by death itself, as with Joseph (Gen. 37:20); Jeremiah (Jer. 38:6-13); and Daniel (Dan. 6:16-17).

"The Pit ... Sheol" is the place of death. For the wicked it is a place of no return (Job 7:9), darkness (Psalms 143:3) and torment (Isaiah 14:11).

Proverbs 1:13-14 "We shall find all precious substance, we shall fill our houses with spoil:" "Cast in thy lot among us; let us all have one purse:"

This is the enlisting of the innocent without full disclosure of intent. Abundant spoil is promised by this outright robbery, which is made to appear easy and safe for the thieves and murderers.

Proverbs 1:15 "My son, walk not thou in the way with them; refrain thy foot from their path:"

This directly confronts the invitation of (verse 11). Sin must be rejected at the first temptation, by refusing even the association that can lead to sin. Avoid the beginnings of sin (see 4:14).

Proverbs 1:16 "For their feet run to evil, and make haste to shed blood."

This is warning not to keep evil company. There is guilt by association. You may not be guilty of their sins; but if you are caught with them, you will pay the terrible penalty with them. Many a youngster has gotten into serious trouble because he wanted to be part of the gang. Children's favorite saying to parents is, "everyone is doing it". Sometimes peer pressure causes a youngster to join a gang. He probably has no idea they are stealing or killing when he joins; but the longer he stays, the more deeply involved he becomes. The only way to avoid this is just what the Scripture advises. Don't go with them in the first place. The time to say "no" is before you get in deep.

Proverbs 1:17 "Surely in vain the net is spread in the sight of any bird."

As a bird flies into a net and is caught, so will the sinner get caught if he goes head long into sin. We know the net is there, but get into it anyway.

It would be ineffective to set up a net for catching a bird in full view of the bird. Taken with (verse 18), this analogy means that the sinner sets up his trap for the innocent in secret, but in the end the trap is sprung on him (verse 19). This greed entraps him. Stupid sinners rush to their own ruin.

Proverbs 1:18 "And they lay wait for their [own] blood; they lurk privily for their [own] lives."

A person laying in wait to kill someone else is actually sealing their own doom.

Proverbs 1:19 "So [are] the ways of every one that is greedy of gain; [which] taketh away the life of the owners thereof."

Greed for things that do not belong to you is certainly the cause of most sin toward your fellow man.

Verses 20-33: From this section of scripture (from verses 20-33), wisdom is personified as a prophetess calling in public places to everyone to come to her and learn. Three groups are especially singled out in the appeal: the simple ones, or untaught: the scorners, or scoffers; and the fools, or morally dull. The consequences of rejecting wisdom are immense as we see (in verses 26-28).

Similar personifications of wisdom occur later in this book (see 3:14-18; 8:1-36; and 9:1-12).

Proverbs 1:20-21 "Wisdom crieth without; she uttereth her voice in the streets:" "She crieth in the chief place of concourse, in the openings of the gates: in the city she uttereth her words, [saying],"

While enticement is covert and secret (verse 10), wisdom, with nothing to hide, is available to everyone, being found in the most prominent of public places.

Proverbs 1:22 "How long, ye simple ones, will ye love simplicity? and the scorners delight in their scorning, and fools hate knowledge?"

An idle mind brings on sin. Wisdom is a gift from God, and we must pray to receive it. Knowledge is accumulated learning that we study and acquire by effort upon our part. Only a fool will turn away from the knowledge and wisdom of God.

Three questions reveal 3 classes of those needing wisdom and the downward progression of sin:

(1) The simple or nave, who are ignorant;

(2) Scorners or mockers who commit more serious, determined acts; and

(3) Fools or obstinate unbelievers, who will not listen to the truth. Proverbs aims its wisdom primarily at the first group.

Proverbs 1:23 "Turn you at my reproof: behold, I will pour out my spirit unto you, I will make known my words unto you."

God is telling the people to learn by His reproof. God is offering to pour out His Spirit. God the Holy Spirit will reveal the meaning of the word to us if we will accept His Spirit into us.

What does reproof mean? After a lengthy study I came up with this: The sense is: "The Spirit will teach men the true meaning of these three words: sin, righteousness, judgment."

God's wisdom brings to bear against the sinner indictments for sin that demand repentance. To the one who does repent, God promises the spirit or essence of true wisdom linked to divine revelation.

Proverbs 1:24-25 "Because I have called, and ye refused; I have stretched out my hand, and no man regarded;" "But ye have set at nought all my counsel, and would one of my reproof:"

Sinners who respond with indifference and mockery at God's indictments increase their guilt (Rom. 2-5), and bring upon themselves the wrath of God's mockery and indifference (verses 26-27). Some wait to seek God until it is too late.

Proverbs 1:26-27 "I also will laugh at your calamity; I will mock when your fear cometh;" "When your fear cometh as desolation, and your destruction cometh as a whirlwind; when distress and anguish cometh upon you."

Those who refuse the call of Jesus Christ as Savior or those who have not reached out to receive the Lord have nothing good to look for. In their time of trouble, they have no one to turn to. The Lord will have no sympathy for those who have rejected His salvation.

Notice the terms, calamity, terror, destruction, distress and anguish. All these terms describe the severe trouble of divine judgment. When sinners who have rejected wisdom call on God in the Day of Judgment, God will respond to their distress with derision.

Verses 28-32: God's rejection of sinners is carefully detailed (in verses 28-32). This is the aspect of God's wrath expressed in His abandonment of sinners (see Romans 1:24-28). No prayers or diligent seeking will help them (8:17).

Proverbs 1:28-30 "Then shall they call upon me, but I will not answer; they shall seek me early, but they shall not find me:" "For that they hated knowledge, and did not choose the fear of the LORD:" "They would none of my counsel: they despised all my reproof."

There is a time when the Lord will turn his back on us if we totally reject the Lord. When that time comes, The Lord will not hear our plea any more.

This shows that they had totally rejected everything that the Lord had offered them. They did not want to learn the ways of the Lord.

Proverbs 1:31-32 "Therefore shall they eat of the fruit of their own way, and be filled with their own devices." "For the turning away of the simple shall slay them, and the prosperity of fools shall destroy them."

The Ultimate punishment is God's giving a people up to the result of their wickedness. (Romans 1:24-28).

This is just another way of saying: If you reject the Lord, you will reap whatever you sow. Having your eyes and desires set on things of this world can do nothing but destroy you. There is no eternity in earthly desires.

"And the prosperity of fools shall destroy them:" Willful carelessness or lack of appropriate care is intended here.

Proverbs 1:33 "But whoso hearkeneth unto me shall dwell safely, and shall be quiet from fear of evil."

This is a beautiful description of the security and peace that comes when we are hidden in the Lord Jesus. Fear will not be a part of our vocabulary, because it is the opposite of faith. If we have faith in the Lord, there is no fear.

Proverbs Chapter 1 Questions

1. What is the book of Proverbs known as the book of?

2. Who penned the book?

3. Proverbs is a book of _______ on how to_______ ________ __________ __________?

4. How many times is the "Fear of the Lord" mentioned in proverbs?

5. What is a proverb?

6. How is a proverb and a parable alike?

7. Who was Solomon's father and mother?

8. How long did Solomon reign?

9. What does "perceive" mean?

10. What three things here are fruits of wisdom?

11. A wise man will hear and ____________ __________.

12. Be quick to _________ and slow to ___________.

13. Who helps us to understand the hidden meaning of Scriptures?

14. What is the beginning of Knowledge?

15. Who despise wisdom and instruction?

16. Fear is ______________ _____________ ____________.

17. In James 1:5 we read how to receive wisdom. How do we receive it?

18. "Hear the instructions of thy ______, and forsake not the law of thy __________."

19. What is the greatest gift a parent can give a child?

20. This "grace on the head" in verse 9, means what?

21. In verse 10 we are told not to be enticed to sin. How is that our decision to make?

22. Verses 11-16 is warning us against what?

23. What gets many innocent young people involved in sin today?

24. As a bird flies into a net and is caught, so the sinner ______.

25. What causes many people to sin against their neighbor?

26. An idle mind brings on what?

27. What is knowledge?

28. In verse 23, God is telling us to do what?

29. Those who reject the Lord will find the Lord doing what at His calamity?

30. In contrast, verse 33 is a beautiful description of what?

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Proverbs 2

Proverbs Chapter 2

Proverbs 2:1 "My son, if thou wilt receive my words, and hide my commandments with thee;"

Solomon has taken God's law and made it his own by faith and obedience, as well as teaching. The wisdom of these words is available to those who, first of all, understand the rich value (treasure), that wisdom possesses. Appropriating wisdom begins when one values it above all else.

Proverbs 2:2 "So that thou incline thine ear unto wisdom, [and] apply thine heart to understanding;"

Once wisdom is properly valued, both the ear and mind are captivated by it.

"Apply thine heart": The "heart" commonly refers to the mind as the center of thinking and reason, but also includes the emotions, the will and thus, the whole inner being. The heart is the depository of all wisdom and the source of whatever effects speech, sight and conduct.

Proverbs 2:3 "Yea, if thou criest after knowledge, [and] liftest up thy voice for understanding;"

"Criest after knowledge" shows the passionate pleading on one who is desperate to know and apply the truth of God. The least bit of indifference will leave one bereft of the fullness of wisdom.

Proverbs 2:4 "If thou seekest her as silver, and searchest for her as [for] hid treasures;"

"Seekest ... Searchest": A desiring search, the most intensive of a lifetime.

Proverbs 2:5 "Then shalt thou understand the fear of the LORD, and find the knowledge of God."

These first 5 scriptures is like a prayer. In fact, it is what we should all pray. For a person to really be able to live a Godly life, you must first know what God expects. This first sentence says "receive my words". The heart is the place for the commandments and the Word of God to be hidden. If we receive into our being the wisdom of God and apply it to our heart we will do the things that are right in God's sight.

Romans 10:10 "For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation."

If we would spend even half the time learning the Word of God as we spend searching for worldly wealth, we would find the treasures of God. Knowledge has to be accumulated by learning. Wisdom is a gift from God. As we uncover the secrets of the Bible, We will have reverent fear of God and be filled with His knowledge.

Proverbs 2:6 "For the LORD giveth wisdom: out of his mouth [cometh] knowledge and understanding."

"Wisdom" is a gift from God, as we said. We read in James;

James 1:5 "If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all [men] liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him."

Not out of our mouth cometh knowledge, but out of His. The knowledge is in His Word.

The words of His mouth are contained in Scripture. It is there that God speaks. Wisdom comes only by revelation.

Verses 7-8: Identifies those who are true believers who seek to know, love and obey God and to live righteously. These covenant keepers alone can know wisdom and experience God's protection.

Proverbs 2:7 "He layeth up sound wisdom for the righteous: [he is] a buckler to them that walk uprightly."

God is the source of all wisdom. His kind of wisdom brings peace. You see, we are to be wise unto salvation. If we are righteous it is because we have taken on the righteousness of Christ and that is the greatest wisdom we can acquire. The Christian actually takes on the mind of Christ.

1 Corinthians 2:16 "For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ."

The Lord is our Protector (buckler), if we walk uprightly in our salvation day by day.

Proverbs 2:8 "He keepeth the paths of judgment, and preserveth the way of his saints."

This to me, is speaking of those who walk in the way of the Lord.

The saints are those who are justified by the Lord and walk justly. For the justified who follow in his "judgments" (law), He "preserves" (saves), their way. The "saints" (we Christians), are eager to follow in the teachings of the Lord. Jesus is the way.

Proverbs 2:9 "Then shalt thou understand righteousness, and judgment, and equity; [yea], every good path."

This (in verse 9, is connected with verse 8). This is speaking of the saints. The saints shall "understand righteousness, and judgments, and equity (straightness), and every good path". Narrow is the path to righteousness. Jesus is that path. In fact, He is our righteousness. He is the righteous Judge.

"Righteousness, Judgment, Equity are the same as the ethical triad (we studied in 1:3).

Proverbs engages in a process of schooling a son in the disciplines of;

(1) Wisdom (a different Hebrew word from that in verse 2), which means discreet counsel or the ability to govern oneself by choice;

(2) Justice, the ability to conform to the will and standard of God; a practical righteousness that matches one's positional righteousness;

(3) Judgment, the application of true righteousness in dealing with others; and

(4) Equity, the living of life in a fair, pleasing way.

Proverbs 2:10-11 "When wisdom entereth into thine heart, and knowledge is pleasant unto thy soul;" "Discretion shall preserve thee, understanding shall keep thee:"

Wisdom is an advantage to the one who possesses it. Wisdom with Knowledge gives a person tremendous advantage. This understanding and discretion is not of the worldly, but of the Lord and His Word. A really good working knowledge of God's Word can keep you from making mistakes. The answers to all of life's problems can be found in the Word of God. The heart controls the conscious and subconscious actions of man. If the heart of man is stayed on the Lord, there is no way that man can be defeated.

Thus, truth is the protector from all evil.

Proverbs 2:12-13 "To deliver thee from the way of the evil [man], from the man that speaketh froward things;" "Who leave the paths of uprightness, to walk in the ways of darkness;"

Knowledge of the Word of God will keep you away from the ways of the evil man. Twisted speech is typical of those who reject wisdom. You see, the righteous (believers in Christ), walk in the light and have no fellowship with darkness.

In 1 John chapter 1 we read who walk in darkness and who walk in light.

1 John 1:5-7 "This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all." "If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth:" "But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin."

Proverbs 2:14-15 "Who rejoice to do evil, [and] delight in the frowardness of the wicked;" "Whose ways [are] crooked, and [they] froward in their paths:".

Fools love most the things which are the worst.

It seems in our society today television, movies, and radio try to make it appear that to live in sin is fun. Truly this is a terrible lie. It brings heartache and troubles in this life and an eternity in hell. The ways of the world will lead to destruction, not life. Drunkenness, drugs, immorality, lying, cheating, and stealing are part of the "froward wicked life". Not one of these things makes for a happy ending.

Proverbs 2:16 "To deliver thee from the strange woman, [even] from the stranger [which] flattereth with her words;"

"Strange woman": She is the harlot repeatedly condemned in Proverbs (compare 5:1-23; 6:20-29; 7:1-27; 22:14; 23:27), as in the rest of Scripture (Exodus 20:14; Lev. 20:10). She is "foreign" or "strange" because such women were at first from outside Israel, but came to include any prostitute or adulteress. Her words are the flattering or smooth words of (Prov. 7:14-20).

The strange or immoral woman is the harlot repeatedly condemned in Proverbs, as in the rest of Scripture.

Today those who are involved with strange women (women of the world), can look forward to diseases that cannot be cured by medicine now available. In (verses 17 and 18), you see the fate of those who live unholy lives. The terrible disease AIDS is just one of the many modern incurable diseases that are associated with sex outside of marriage.

Literally she is foreign or strange because such women were at first from outside Israel, but came to include any prostitute or adulteress. Her words are the flattering or smooth words of (Proverbs 17:14-20).

Proverbs 2:17 "Which forsaketh the guide of her youth, and forgetteth the covenant of her God."

"Forsaketh the Guide (or companion)," of her youth. She leaves the guidance and friendship of her husband (see 16:28 and 17:9).

"Forgetteth the covenant": In a wide sense, this could be the covenant of Sinai, but specifically looks to the marriage covenant (of Gen. 2:24), with its commitment to fidelity.

Proverbs 2:18 "For her house inclineth unto death, and her paths unto the dead."

"Inclineth unto death": The destructive nature of this blinding sin leads one to walk alongside death (see verses 8-9, 12, 15). Death in Proverbs is presented as both a gradual descent (5:23), and a sudden end (29:1).

God's covenant with mankind (men and women), is twofold. We must keep His laws to receive His blessing. God punishes sin. When we deliberately break God's laws, we can expect death, not life. God says in His law that men and women are to save themselves for the marriage bed. Notice (in verse 19), that those who follow this sinful way of life find death.

Death in Proverbs is presented as both a gradual descent and a sudden end.

Proverbs 2:19 "None that go unto her return again, neither take they hold of the paths of life."

There are only two paths to take. The path of sin leads to death and destruction. The path of righteousness leads to life everlasting.

The irreversible nature of continuing in this sin points to its devastating consequences. It leads to physical death, as expressed in the Hebrew euphemisms of (verse 22; "cut off" and "uprooted"). After that comes the reality of eternal death.

Proverbs 2:20 "That thou mayest walk in the way of good [men], and keep the paths of the righteous."

The word "mayest" in this verse lets us know that it is our choice. It is our decision to live the way of the world or to live for the Lord Jesus. Our free will determines which. This is a decision no one else can make for you. You must decide: life or death.

Proverbs 2:21 "For the upright shall dwell in the land, and the perfect shall remain in it."

"Dwell in the land ... remain": Exactly opposite to those who live in sexual sin and are headed for death, those who belong to the Lord will live.

Proverbs 2:22 "But the wicked shall be cut off from the earth, and the transgressors shall be rooted out of it."

(In Psalms we read);

Psalms 37:29 "The righteous shall inherit the land, and dwell therein for ever."

We have seen over and over how the wicked will be driven off the land. Canaan became the land of Israel because the wicked were driven out.

The Christians shall reign 1000 years with Jesus.

Revelation 20:6 "Blessed and holy [is] he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years."

Proverbs Chapter 2 Questions

1. Verses 1-5 is like a_________.

2. What is necessary for us to live a godly life?

3. Where is the place to hide God's Word?

4. What does Romans 10:10 tell us about the heart?

5. What should we be seeking more than worldly wealth?

6. How do we get Knowledge?

7. Wisdom is a _______ of ________.

8. As we uncover the secret of God we will have ______ _______of God?

9. Who gives us wisdom?

10. Out of whose mouth comes knowledge and understanding?

11. How can we find Scriptures that tell us how to find wisdom?

12. Where can we find the Scriptures to tell where to get wisdom?

13. Who does God lay up sound wisdom for?

14. What does "buckler" mean?

15. God's kind of wisdom brings what?

16. We are to be wise unto _________.

17. How can we be righteous?

18. In Cor. 2:16, what do we learn about the mind of Christ?

19. Who preserves the way of the saints?

20. _____________ is the way.

21. When wisdom entereth into thine heart, what shall keep thee?

22. What can keep you from making mistakes?

23. Who are the children of light?

24. If we say we have fellowship with him and walk in darkness we ___________.

25. What do television and movies appear to tell us about sin?

26. What can those who get involved with strange women have to look forward to?

27. God's covenant with man is__________ ___________.

28. God will bless us if we do what?

29. When we deliberately break God's law we can expect what?

30. The path of righteousness leads where?

31. What has God given us that determine our destiny?

32. In Psalms 37:27, we read that the righteous will inherit what?

33. In Revelation 20:6 how long does it say the Christians will reign with Jesus?

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Proverbs 3

Proverbs Chapter 3

In this lesson of chapter 3, the study of truth leading to wisdom is commended to all. This is enforced by a contrast to the destinies of the wise and wicked.

Verses 1-20 is where Solomon instructs that wisdom is;

(1) rooted in sound teaching, verses 1-4;

(2) Rests in trust in God (verses 5-6);

(3) Rewards those who obey (verses 7-10).

While wisdom demands chastening, it brings profound benefits (verses 13-18), and its importance is clear since it undergirded God's creation (in verses 19 and 20).

Proverbs 3:1 "My son, forget not my law; but let thine heart keep my commandments:"

"My law", Hebrew "Torah" from the verb "to throw, distribute, or teach, hence "teachings".

It is used of God's law but here (as in 2:1), it is used of the commands and principles that God gave through Solomon.

Proverbs 3:2 "For length of days, and long life, and peace, shall they add to thee."

"My son" tell us who this message is to. It is not to the world in general, but to the followers of God. God reminds us to not forget His teachings, but hide them away in our hearts. God also reminds us to walk in His ways.

His "commandments" here are talking about all of His ways. Just as the commandment to honor father and mother promises that our days may be long upon the earth, we see the promises of length of days here if we follow in His ways.

When you know that you have done the right things, it does bring peace. Sin brings fear of punishment, but obedience brings peace.

Proverbs 3:3-4 Let not mercy and truth forsake thee: bind them about thy neck; write them upon the table of thine heart:" "So shalt thou find favor and good understanding in the sight of God and man."

"Neck ... heart." The virtues of mercy (the Hebrew word for loving kindness and loyal love), and truth that come from God are to become part of us, outwardly in our behavior for all to see as an adornment of spiritual beauty, and inwardly as the subject of our meditation. Such inward and outward mercy and truth is evidence of New Covenant salvation.

The Bible says the "merciful shall obtain mercy".

Matthew 5:7, "Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy."

"Mercy" shows love to the utmost, for God and for man.

"Truth" cannot be underestimated. It is beyond compromise. A truthful person is a person whose character cannot and will not be questioned by anyone. One of the highest compliments that can be paid a man is to say that he is a man of truth.

If a person could have the two most important strengths of character, it would be mercy and truth. This "binding them about the neck", I believe, just means to treasure them highly and don't lose them somewhere along the way. "Write them upon the tables of thine heart" has to do with the heart dictating a person's actions.

God will write His laws upon the heart of His people, if we will allow Him to. I believe that is the message here. God says if you have these two, mercy and truth, you have His laws on your heart. (In verse 4), we find if we practice these two, we will be able to get along with not only the men around us, but God as well.

Proverbs 3:5 "Trust in the LORD with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding."

This (verse 5 here), applies to all believers, but even more to those who are in the service to God. God never chose any man or woman to work for Him because of their training and ability within themselves. God chooses people like Jeremiah who was just a lad with no formal training; and God put the words in Jeremiah's mouth to give to the people. You may read all about it (in chapter 1 of Jeremiah). When we depend upon our own ability, we fall very short. For a minister of God to be effective, it must be God speaking through him.

Proverbs 3:6 "In all thy ways acknowledge him, and he shall direct thy paths."

Three commands are given (in verses 5 and 6): Trust, meaning "rely on, depend on"; Lean not, meaning do not depend on your own native instincts, and Acknowledge him, meaning have fellowship and intimacy with God in all of life. The result of such devotion is that God will make the paths straight before you.

Here again, we get into the will of man. Man has to be willing to accept God's help and to give God the credit for the job well done. A Christian must first of all not start anything that the Lord is not in, and then we must praise Him in everything.

Hebrews tells us when we should praise the Lord.

Hebrews 13:15, "By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his name."

If He directs our path, we shall walk in the light and not stumble and fall.

Proverbs 3:7 "Be not wise in thine own eyes: fear the LORD, and depart from evil."

The most dangerous thing, if you are trying to succeed in the world, is to get satisfied with yourself. A person cannot grow when he gets this attitude. When we rely upon our self, we are always disappointed. No one likes a know-it-all or a conceited person. We must remain humble. What little knowledge that we do have is because of God's generosity towards us.

Fear of the Lord will take away all arrogance and pride. In the first few verses of Proverbs, we learned that the fear of the Lord is true wisdom. Fear here could be looked at again as reverence or high praise. Give God the glory for it all.

Proverbs 3:8 "It shall be health to thy navel, and marrow to thy bones."

The strength here is in the marrow, the inner parts. God is promising physical well-being for those who live wisely according to His will. Such physical well-being is what David forfeited before he confessed that he had sinned against Bath-sheba and Uriah.

Many illnesses are brought on by sins as we said before, not all illness, but some. Good clean living seems to assist in good health. For sure, good clean living brings a clear conscience and no regrets. When the spirit of man is healthy, it helps with the physical health, as well.

Exodus 15:26, "And said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statues, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the LORD that healeth thee."

Proverbs 3:9-10 "Honor the LORD with thy substance, and with the firstfruits of all thine increase:" "So shall thy barns be filled with plenty, and thy presses shall burst out with new wine.

A biblical view of possessions demands using them for honoring God. This is accomplished by trusting God, by giving the first and best to God, by being fair, by giving generously and by expressing gratitude for all He gives. The result of such faithfulness to honor Him is prosperity and satisfaction.

Honoring the Lord goes much further than just attending church and stating that we are a believer. Our heart is where our pocket book and time is.

Luke 6:38 "Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again."

We can see from Jesus' own words here, that if we plan to prosper, we must give both of ourselves and of our possessions.

Malachi 3:10 tells it all. Malachi 3:10 "Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that [there shall] not [be room] enough [to receive it]."

Proverbs 3:11-12 "My son, despise not the chastening of the LORD; neither be weary of his correction:" "For whom the LORD loveth he correcteth; even as a father the son [in whom] he delighteth."

"Not despise ... chastening": Since even the wisest of God's children are subject to sin, there is necessity of God's fatherly discipline to increase wisdom and blessing. Such correction should not be resisted.

In Romans we read why chastening and trials must come.

Romans 5:3-5 "And not only [so], but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience;" "And patience, experience; and experience, hope:" "And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us."

You see, the only way a baby learns right from wrong is correction of parents. Sometimes a little paddling makes the lesson easier to remember. This is sometimes true with baby Christians, as well. When we do not obey God, He has to give us a spanking so that we will remember to obey next time. Just as an earthly parent corrects a child to help him grow in the knowledge of the truth, so does our heavenly Father.

If He cared not what becomes of us, He wouldn't bother to correct us (Read chapter 3 of Ephesians beginning with the 13th verse), it will thrill you that you have been tried. I will give one more Scripture here to show that God loves us in our tribulations and then go on.

2 Thessalonians 1:4-5 "So that we ourselves glory in you in the churches of God for your patience and faith in all your persecutions and tribulations that ye endure:" "[Which is] a manifest token of the righteous judgment of God, that ye may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which ye also suffer:"

If God loves us, He corrects us; and we take on His worthiness.

Proverbs 3:13-14 "Happy [is] the man [that] findeth wisdom, and the man [that] getteth understanding." "For the merchandise of it [is] better than the merchandise of silver, and the gain thereof than fine gold."

One of the most wonderful gifts that God can give to man is wisdom and understanding. Solomon was no fool when he asked God for wisdom. Wisdom will bring prosperity of body, soul, and spirit. A wise man chooses God's ways and therefore cannot fail. If you have silver and gold, you can spend all of it and have nothing, but wisdom cannot be taken away; and with wisdom you can acquire silver and gold and any other thing that you might ever have need of.

Divine wisdom yields the richest treasures (described in verses 14-18 as "profits"; merchandise) "length of days," "riches," "honor," "pleasantness," "peace," "life", and happiness.

Proverbs 3:15 "She [is] more precious than rubies: and all the things thou canst desire are not to be compared unto her."

We will have to look back at the last lesson to see what the "she" is here. Wisdom is the she. In fact, this whole third chapter of Proverbs is all about wisdom. Material things of this world, regardless of how valuable they are, are not anything to compare with wisdom.

Proverbs 3:16 "Length of days [is] in her right hand; [and] in her left hand riches and honor."

The right hand blessing is always the best blessing. Length of days is spoken of here as being more wonderful to possess than riches and honor. If a man has no time left to spend his riches and fame, most would trade all of that to extend life a little longer. Even this blessing of extended days is still far short of the blessing of wisdom.

Proverbs 3:17 "Her ways [are] ways of pleasantness, and all her paths [are] peace."

Again here, the "her" is wisdom. Wisdom is pleasant and brings peace.

Proverbs 3:18 "She [is] a tree of life to them that lay hold upon her: and happy [is every one] that retaineth her."

This expression is a metaphor referring to temporal and spiritual renewal and refreshment (compare 11:30, 13:12, and 15:43).

No precious jewels or earthly treasures are worthy to be compared with true wisdom, whether the concerns of time or eternity be considered. We must make wisdom our business; we must venture all in it and be willing to part with all for it. This Wisdom is the Lord Jesus Christ and his salvation, sought and obtained by faith and prayer. Were it not for unbelief, remaining sinfulness, and carelessness, we should find all our ways pleasantness, and our paths peace, for his are so; but we too often step aside from them, to our own hurt and grief. Christ is that Wisdom, by whom the worlds were made, and still are in being; happy are those to whom he is made of God wisdom. He has wherewithal to make good all his promises.

Proverbs 3:19-20 "The LORD by wisdom hath founded the earth; by understanding hath he established the heavens." "By his knowledge the depths are broken up, and the clouds drop down the dew."

The wisdom of God so far surpasses anything we might know of. God actually, through His great wisdom and knowledge, placed the stars, sun, and moon in the open sky. The earth was hung in open air, as well. Not only did God hang them in the atmosphere in perfect orbit, but He also made all of this, as well. Not only did God make all of this, but it is all subject to His will. God causes the sunshine and the rain. He controls the whole universe.

John describes it all.

John 1:1-3 "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God." "The same was in the beginning with God." "All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made."

Solomon is indicating that wisdom is basic to all of life, for by it God created everything. Since God used it to create the universe, how eager must we be to use it to live in this universe?

Proverbs 3:21-22 "My son, let not them depart from thine eyes: keep sound wisdom and discretion:" "So shall they be life unto thy soul, and grace to thy neck."

True wisdom belongs to God. God will give us wisdom if we seek it prayerfully. The grace that Jesus has provided for us has to be held in high esteem, even to the saving of our soul. We must remain in that wisdom.

Proverbs 3:23 "Then shalt thou walk in thy way safely, and thy foot shall not stumble."

If we remain in the wisdom that God hath provided for us in His Son, Jesus Christ, we shall be able to walk in His way and not stumble.

Proverbs 3:24 "When thou liest down, thou shalt not be afraid: yea, thou shalt lie down, and thy sleep shall be sweet."

Here again, if we remain in the wisdom that the Lord has given us, there is no fear of death. Death of the body would just transform us into that heavenly place with Jesus. There is no fear for the Christian with faith. So many times in these lessons, we have made the statement that fear is the opposite of faith. Sleep is sweet for those wise unto salvation. No regrets haunt us. We have gotten forgiveness and are living just as if we had never sinned: justified by Jesus. Sleep is sweet when everything is alright with you and God.

Proverbs 3:25-26 "Be not afraid of sudden fear, neither of the desolation of the wicked, when it cometh." "For the LORD shall be thy confidence, and shall keep thy foot from being taken."

We see many instances in the New Testament when the demon spirits are afraid of Jesus, because they know that He is the Judge of the world and that they have a terrible fate awaiting them.

In Matthew 8:29, "And, behold, they cried out, saying, What have we to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God? art thou come hither to torment us before the time?"

You see, sudden fear gripped them, because of the terrible fate they know they have awaiting them. If you know that you are saved and safe with the Lord, you have no sudden fear. The only fear permitted to those who trust in the Lord is Godly fear. You see, trust in the Lord brings confidence, a knowing that all is well.

Proverbs 3:27 "Withhold not good from them to whom it is due, when it is in the power of thine hand to do [it]."

As opportunity arises, we must help anyone and everyone that is within our power to help. It seems those full of wisdom seem to be better off financially.

We see in 1 Timothy, that having a little more than those around you carries responsibility with it.

1 Timothy 6:17-18 "Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy;" "That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate;"

Proverbs 3:28 "Say not unto thy neighbor, Go, and come again, and tomorrow I will give; when thou hast it by thee."

This is saying, do not put your neighbor off until to-morrow if you have the ability to help them today. Their need is now. We should be eager to help those less fortunate. Only God has seen fit for us to be the better off.

Proverbs 3:29 "Devise not evil against thy neighbor, seeing he dwelleth securely by thee."

One of the two most important things God wants us to do is love thy neighbor as thyself. We would not figure up evil against ourselves, so we must not against the neighbor, either.

Proverbs 3:30 "Strive not with a man without cause, if he have done thee no harm."

We should not live in strife and fussing, but should learn to live peaceably with all men. If we live for the Lord, we are promised that even our enemies will be at peace with us. This does not say that there is never a time for strife. If your enemy attacks you, you may defend yourself; but you must not start strife nor keep it going.

Proverbs 3:31 "Envy thou not the oppressor, and choose none of his ways."

We must never choose the way of the oppressor. Bullies as children are not to be looked up to. We must not even fellowship with those who choose to oppress others. The worldly wealth that some acquire with their oppression of others should never be envied or desired. Evil and good are like oil and water. They cannot mix.

Proverbs 3:32 "For the froward [is] abomination to the LORD: but his secret [is] with the righteous."

"Froward" means perverted or wicked. The wicked will not know the secret, because they will not see; and hearing, they will not hear. They (the wicked), will not understand the things of God. The secret that the righteous know is that Jesus Christ is their Savior. God reveals Himself to those who love Him.

Proverbs 3:33 "The curse of the LORD [is] in the house of the wicked: but he blesseth the habitation of the just."

From Genesis throughout the Bible, God promises blessings to those who follow in God's commandments and curses to those who do not follow in the ways of God.

Proverbs 3:34 "Surely he scorneth the scorners: but he giveth grace unto the lowly."

Those who reject the teachings of the Lord are rejected themselves by Him. The scribes and Pharisees are a typical example of this. They thought too highly of themselves and turned the Lord of glory down. The lowly of the world were willing to receive and were granted grace of the Lord.

Psalms 138:6, "Though the LORD be high, yet hath he respect unto the lowly: but the proud he knoweth afar off."

Proverbs 3:35 The wise shall inherit glory: but shame shall be the promotion of fools."

The wise seek God. Those who seek God inherit glory. The glory of the only begotten Son is shared with those who live for God. This is a shared inheritance. Fools live worldly lives for the here and now. Worldly, selfish live shamefully.

Proverbs Chapter 3 Questions

1. Material things of this world cannot compare with what?

2. In verse 16, what is in wisdom's right hand?

3. Which hand has always been the best blessing?

4. The Lord by _________ hath founded the earth.

5. Who does John 1:3 say created all things?

6. By His _________ the depths are broken up.

7. True wisdom belongs to whom?

8. How must we seek wisdom to receive it?

9. What description is given of the sleep of the wise?

10. If we remain in the wisdom that the Lord has given us, there is no fear of _________

11. Who shall be thy confidence?

12. Why were the demon spirits afraid of Jesus?

13. What is the only fear permitted to believers in the Lord?

14. In 1 Timothy chapter 6, we see what about those who are wealthy?

15. When someone asks your help and you have the ability to help, when should you help him?

16. In verse 29, we are warned not to do what to our neighbor?

17. Strive not with a man _________ _________ _________.

18. What are we told about the oppressor?

19. Evil and good are like _________ and _________. They cannot mix.

20. The froward is an _________ to the Lord.

21. What does froward mean?

22. What is in the house of the wicked?

23. Who does God give grace to?

24. Psalms 138:6 says God has respect for the _________.

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Proverbs 4

Proverbs Chapter 4

Proverbs 4:1-3 "Hear, ye children, the instruction of a father, and attend to know understanding." "For I give you good doctrine, forsake ye not my law." "For I was my father's son, tender and only [beloved] in the sight of my mother."

This message that Solomon penned undoubtedly is not only written by him to all young men for instruction, but is also what David had taught Solomon, as well.

"Good doctrine": There is no wisdom but that which is linked to good doctrine, which should be the focal point of all instruction.

Sometimes in the Proverbs, it seems as if we are covering the same ground all over again. Whether this is to drive home a lesson, or whether we are picking up extra fragments of truth and that is the reason for repetition is not clear. As we said in previous lessons, wisdom is the subject. We see here also, that a doctrine (belief), has been established.

Instructions in God's law came from father to son in these times. It was very important not to leave out even minor details in that law. We are told again here to remember in detail the law of God and to live by it (do not forsake it). In fact, we should make it our doctrine or way of life as well.

Verse 3 is speaking of David and Bath-sheba.

Proverbs 4:4 "He taught me also, and said unto me, Let thine heart retain my words: keep my commandments, and live."

There is much written in Chronicles and Kings about Solomon. David even gives Solomon detailed information about the temple to be built in Jerusalem. You may read more about all of this in those respective books. The point I am trying to make here, about this, is that Solomon was instructed of David; and Solomon is now conveying to us how important it is to keep the commandments. The promise is life and life everlasting, at that.

Proverbs 4:5-7 "Get wisdom, get understanding: forget [it] not; neither decline from the words of my mouth." "Forsake her not, and she shall preserve thee: love her, and she shall keep thee." "Wisdom [is] the principal thing; [therefore] get wisdom: and with all thy getting get understanding."

Solomon, as you can see here, thought that wisdom and understanding was the most important things to have. Worldly wisdom is not what Solomon had in mind, here either.

Solomon, being taught of David and being gifted with the gift of wisdom which God had given him, realized that wisdom and knowledge of the things of God should bring a person even closer to God; and therefore, keep him from failure. He speaks of wisdom as if it is a person. Wisdom is spirit.

Proverbs 4:8 "Exalt her, and she shall promote thee: she shall bring thee to honor, when thou dost embrace her."

Wisdom does bring honor instead of shame. A foolish son or daughter brings shame to their parents, but children filled with godly wisdom bring honor to their parents.

The more highly one esteems wisdom, the more highly wisdom lifts that person.

Proverbs 4:9 "She shall give to thine head an ornament of grace: a crown of glory shall she deliver to thee."

This has to do with the association of wisdom with the inner spiritual life. As we stated in the previous lesson (3:22), the wisdom of God will adorn one's life for all to see its beauty. And (in chapter 1:9), we are told "For they will be a graceful ornament on your head, and chains about your neck.

Proverbs 4:10 "Hear, O my son, and receive my sayings; and the years of thy life shall be many."

For those who hear and listen to wisdom, their days may be long upon the earth.

Exodus 20:12 Honor thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

Proverbs 4:11-12 "I have taught thee in the way of wisdom; I have led thee in right paths." "When thou goest, thy steps shall not be straitened; and when thou runnest, thou shalt not stumble."

We see again, that some of this has come to Solomon from David. David walked uprightly before the Lord. Even the name "David" means beloved of God. God directed David's walk.

David taught his son; and now Solomon is saying to all who read this book of Proverbs, hear and understand. Pray for wisdom of God and walk in that wisdom, and you shall not stumble and fall. You can run the race well and not stumble along the way as long as the wisdom of God directs you.

Proverbs 4:13 "Take fast hold of instruction; let [her] not go: keep her; for she [is] thy life."

The father commanded his son (in verse 5) to get wisdom, now here he commands him to hold on to it.

When we stop learning, we are dead. There is always something else to learn. We read in 2 Timothy the type of instruction that is the most profitable to man.

2 Timothy 3:16-17 "All scripture [is] given by inspiration of God, and [is] profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:" "That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works."

Proverbs 4:14 "Enter not into the path of the wicked, and go not in the way of evil [men]."

Sin is best dealt with at its beginning by the application of necessary wisdom to suit the initial temptation.

Proverbs 4:15 "Avoid it, pass not by it, turn from it, and pass away."

Four verbs identify aspects necessary in urgently dealing with sin at its start.

1. Avoid the sinful situation;

2. Pass as far from it as possible;

3. Turn away from the sin;

4. Pass beyond or escape the sin.

The plan here fits exactly with the pattern of sin's enticement outlined (in James 1:13-15).

James 1:13-15 "Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man:" "But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed." "Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.

Proverbs 4:16-17 "For they sleep not, except they have done mischief; and their sleep is taken away, unless they cause [some] to fall." "For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence."

We see in these 2 verses a person who has chosen a sinful way of life. They are not satisfied to ruin their own lives but are trying to drag others into their sin. Misery loves company.

They have to sin before they can sleep, and they view their sin as food for their hungry, wicked souls.

Isn't it strange that many violent crimes seem to be committed by gangs? These people, in the verses above, do not hold down a regular job and eat from that. They commit crimes against others and live by that. They eventually wind up in jail or worse, and then do not have anything to look forward to for all of eternity.

Proverbs 4:18 "But the path of the just [is] as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day."

This is in total contrast. Those who are justified because they have made a decision to walk in the path of righteousness are walking in the Light as He is in the Light. That perfect day is the day when all these struggles of this life are over, and we can be in the presence of the Light for that eternal day.

The path of the believer is one of increasing light, just as a sunrise begins with the first faith glow of dawn and proceeds to the splendor of noonday.

Proverbs 4:19 "The way of the wicked [is] as darkness: they know not at what they stumble."

The wicked in darkness cannot and will not repent and come to the light. We see, as we read in John, the Light shineth in darkness and the darkness comprehended it not.

Proverbs 4:20-22 "My son, attend to my words; incline thine ear unto my sayings." "Let them not depart from thine eyes; keep them in the midst of thine heart." "For they [are] life unto those that find them, and health to all their flesh."

How many times have we told our children over and over, please listen and heed the message. Don't get out in the world and forget what I have been saying. Don't stop looking at the messages in front of your eyes. Hide the things I have said down deep in your heart, and don't let the cares of the world make you forget. They are life and health to you. Every parent has said things similar to these to their children, and we have all heard them say: "You have told me over and over, now I won't forget." It isn't necessary to say it anymore".

Proverbs 4:23-24 Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it [are] the issues of life." "Put away from thee a froward mouth, and perverse lips put far from thee."

The heart is the very center of our being. It commonly refers to the mind as the center of thinking and reason, but also includes the emotions, the will, and thus the whole inner being. The heart is the depository of all wisdom and the source of whatever affects speech, sight, and conduct.

We can either have a pure heart or it can be desperately wicked. It will be one or the other. God will judge our heart. The heart controls the moral structure of our lives. A pure heart brings pure words.

Froward mouths and perverse (evil), words come from an evil heart. Out of the abundance of our heart our mouth speaketh. It speaks life or death.

Proverbs 4:25 "Let thine eyes look right on, and let thine eyelids look straight before thee."

I have always said that our eyes reveal what is inside of us.

They are little windows that you may look into the soul. Shifty eyes that cannot look at you, ordinarily indicate the person has something they are covering up. Eyes that look straight at you say, "I am telling the truth". Wandering eyes of any kind can bring heartache.

Proverbs 4:26 "Ponder the path of thy feet, and let all thy ways be established." Proverbs 4:27 "Turn not to the right hand nor to the left: remove thy foot from evil."

(In verse 26), the word "ponder" means think about the path you are launching out on. Make sure that the path you are heading out on leads to righteousness. Don't despair of the path you have chosen. Make your path straight. Things of the world must not attract you off of this path. Stay on the straight path that will lead you to heaven.

Proverbs Chapter 4 Questions

1. In verse 2, we read to forsake not the law for it is good ______ ______.

2. Solomon describes himself as what to his mother?

3. Besides Solomon giving us these instructions, what can we assume they are?

4. What is the subject of the Proverbs?

5. What is a doctrine?

6. How did the law of commandments not get lost?

7. Who was Solomon 's mother?

8. In verse 4, we read keep my commandments and __________.

9. What are 2 more Old Testament books that speak much about Solomon?

10. What did Solomon say was the principal thing?

11. Wisdom and knowledge of God can do what for a person?

12. If sin brings shame, what brings honor?

13. What do crowns of glory have to do with?

14. David means what?

15. What good could be said of David?

16. If the wisdom of God directs your path, you will not ________ and ________.

17. What kind of instruction is most important to man?

18. Where does Scripture come from?

19. What path must we avoid at all cost?

20. What is the difference in the path of the world and the path of the believer?

21. The evil eat of the bread of ________.

22. What is the path of the just compared to?

23. Out of what are the issues of life?

24. In verse 24, what is to be put away?

25. How are we to keep our eyes?

26. Shifting eyes usually indicate what?

27. What does the author think reveals what is inside of us?

28. Eyes that look straight at you, usually are saying what?

29. Ponder means what?

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Proverbs 5

Proverbs Chapter 5

Proverbs 5:1-2 "My son, attend unto my wisdom, [and] bow thine ear to my understanding:" "That thou mayest regard discretion, and [that] thy lips may keep knowledge."

We see here again, instructions to stay wise to the things of God. The wise father marshals all the essential terms to sum up his call to wisdom.

We will see in this chapter the path we should take. Marriage will be spoken of as honorable and adultery of all kinds will be condemned.

Proverbs 5:3 "For the lips of a strange woman drop [as] a honeycomb, and her mouth [is] smoother than oil:"

"Lips ... Mouth": Seduction begins with deceptive flattery. Lips of honey should be part of true love in marriage.

Proverbs 5:4-5 "But her end is bitter as wormwood, sharp as a twoedged sword." "Her feet go down to death; her steps take hold on hell."

Possibly a word we might understand a little better than "strange" woman would be a loose, sinful woman. This woman is forbidden fruit making her more mysterious and inviting to the young man. Prostitutes are out to allure the young men and sometimes the older, as well. They are dressed in very few clothes so as to reveal their bodies. Their lips are painted and they are trained to allure the weak men of the world. A woman like this has no future. Bitterness, sickness, early death, and then hell is what she has to look forward to. The two-edged sword is the Bible she should have heeded.

The future of tasting her lips is like "wormwood", a symbol of suffering, and a "sword," the symbol of death and hell. "Wormwood" means bad water.

Proverbs 5:6 "Lest thou shouldest ponder the path of life, her ways are moveable, [that] thou canst not know [them]."

This woman is unstable in all her ways. Don't get involved with her; she will not be faithful to you. In most cities, her profession is against the law.

Her steps willfully and predictably stagger here and there as she has no concern for the abyss ahead.

Verses 7-14 describe the high price of infidelity. The focus here is on the guilty suffering of the one who yields to lust rather than obeying God's law. Contrast the proper response to such temptation in the case of Joseph.

Proverbs 5:7 "Hear me now therefore, O ye children, and depart not from the words of my mouth."

Here again, the penman is saying take special heed to this, ye young men.

Proverbs 5:8 "Remove thy way far from her, and come not nigh the door of her house:"

Stay away from evil women like this. Don't even go near her house. She will bring nothing but disappointment. Stay honorable. If you were to get involved with her, you would lead an unhappy life.

Proverbs 5:9-10 "Lest thou give thine honor unto others, and thy years unto the cruel:" "Lest strangers be filled with thy wealth; and thy labors [be] in the house of a stranger;"

There is no lasting happiness to be found with this type of woman. This is speaking of spending hard earned money on a prostitute and then getting some terrible disease in the process. In our time, people are dying everywhere from diseases caused by adultery. In many cases, there is no cure.

Proverbs 5:11 "And thou mourn at the last, when thy flesh and thy body are consumed,"

This could be a reference to venereal disease, or to the natural end of life. At that point, filled with an irreversible regret, the ruined sinner vainly laments his neglect of warning and his sad disgrace.

Proverbs 5:12-13 "And say, How have I hated instruction, and my heart despised reproof;" "And have not obeyed the voice of my teachers, nor inclined mine ear to them that instructed me!"

Now that it is too late to turn back, we see regret that he did not take heed to the warning given. We see regret by this man that he rebelled against instruction. He did not let his teacher instruct him, so he had the cruel teacher of experience. He now knows that he made a terrible mistake not listening.

Proverbs 5:14 "I was almost in all evil in the midst of the congregation and assembly."

A most painful loss in such a situation is public disgrace in the community. There can be public confession, discipline, and forgiveness, but not restoration to one's former place of honor and service (see 6:33).

Even though training and instruction in righteousness had been offered this individual, he had rejected it. One sin leads to another, and we see this person falling into more and worse sins until their last state is one of total inability to stop sinning. He had no conscience.

Proverbs 5:15 "Drink waters out of thine own cistern, and running waters out of thine own well."

Using the imagery of water, the joy of a faithful marriage is contrasted with the disaster of infidelity. "Cistern and well" refer to the wife from whom the husband is to draw all his satisfying refreshment, sexually and affectionately.

Proverbs 5:16-17 "Let thy fountains be dispersed abroad, [and] rivers of waters in the streets." "Let them be only thine own, and not strangers' with thee."

"Fountains ... streams": The euphemism refers to the male procreation capacity with the idea of the foolish as a fountain scattering precious water, a picture of the wastefulness of sexual promiscuity.

The result of such indiscriminate sin is called "streams of waters in the street," a graphic description of the illegitimate street children of harlotry. Rather, says Solomon, "let them be only your own" and not the children of such immoral strangers.

In short, stay at home and enjoy the things that God has provided for you and your family. Don't go looking for greener grass.

Proverbs 5:18 "Let thy fountain be blessed: and rejoice with the wife of thy youth."

These fountains of living waters (in verses l6, 17, and 18), are speaking of families which are produced by married couples who are happy with each other, always.

"Fountain .... Blessed". God offers to bless male procreation when it is confined to one's wife. It should be noted that, in spite of the sinful polygamy of David and Solomon, as well as the disastrous polygamy of Rehoboam, the instruction here identifies God's ideal as one wife from youth on.

(Verse 18), says take another look at the "wife of thy youth". You loved her then, love her now. The two of you are one flesh.

Proverbs 5:19 "[Let her be as] the loving hind and pleasant roe; let her breasts satisfy thee at all times; and be thou ravished always with her love."

The hind (doe), has graceful beauty in her face and form and is often used in the poetry of bible times for the beauty of a woman. Breasts are an imagery of affection. This can be seen in The Song of Solomon.

There has been a terrible cancer of sin in our society the last few years. That is people who are living together without the benefit of marriage. This is not only sin, but sin that involves the temple of the Holy Ghost of God. We are the temple of the Holy Ghost. Some way God will stop this. This is not His plan for man and woman. God made one man for one woman, and they two become one flesh; not for a few days but for a lifetime together on this earth.

The family on earth is a type and shadow of the eternal family in heaven. Jesus is the groom, and all believers are the bride of Christ. In heaven, there is a heavenly Father. For marriage to work here on the earth there has to be a heavenly Father who we center our marriage around. God can give you a special love for your wife or husband, even if you have been married over 50 years.

Teach us to love our mate, Dear Lord. Show us the difference in love and lust. Love is of the spirit, but lust is of the flesh. Our prayer should be, "Lord, build our marriage on the solid Rock that cannot crumble when the storms of life come."

Proverbs 5:20 "And why wilt thou, my son, be ravished with a strange woman, and embrace the bosom of a stranger?"

The answer to that is lust of the flesh. Such behavior is presented as having no benefit; thus, to justify such folly is senseless.

Proverbs 5:21 "For the ways of man [are] before the eyes of the LORD, and he pondereth all his goings."

You cannot hide from God. He knows every move you make. He even knows the desires of your heart. God thinks about (ponders), all the ways of man. In mercy, the Lord withholds immediate judgment, allowing a sinner time to repent or to be caught in his own sin.

There is a song called "The All Seeing Eye". God is that all Seeing Eye. You cannot keep any secrets from Him. There is a record being kept, and someday the books will be opened. If we have lived in sin, we shall be ashamed to stand before God.

Proverbs 5:22 "His own iniquities shall take the wicked himself, and he shall be holden with the cords of his sins."

We see here, that sin gets worse as time goes on. A person caught up in this type of life will tie their own selves up in this sin. Adultery seems to be especially bad to the Lord. This sin of adultery, which also includes homosexual and lesbian acts, carries its own special punishment with it. (Verse 23), tells the awful end of this type of person.

Proverbs 5:23 "He shall die without instruction; and in the greatness of his folly he shall go astray."

Unless this type of sin is repented of and turned away from totally, the end of this person is such it would have been better had they never lived. Destruction lies ahead.

Proverbs Chapter 5 Questions

1. What is condemned in this lesson?

2. The lips of a _________ __________drop as honeycomb.

3. The bitter end of this woman is compared to what?

4. What does it mean?

5. Where is her destination?

6. What makes this woman inviting to the young men?

7. What tells us this woman is unstable?

8. Why is it so important to move thyself away from her door?

9. What will happen to your wealth if you follow this type of woman?

10. In verse 12, he is feeling what about his life?

11. In this case, what is the cruel teacher?

12. What does verse 14 mean about being in all evil?

13. What does the fact that he was in the congregation tell us?

14. Drink waters where?

15. Who is the man to rejoice with?

16. Whose love should he be ravished with?

17. What is one cancer of sin in our society today?

18. When we are involved in body sin, who do we include in our sin?

19. Love is of the _________.

20. Lust is of the _________.

21. Who knows every sin we commit, even if we feel we are hidden?

22. If we have sinned and not repented, what shall we feel when we stand before God?

23. What terrible end comes to this sinner in verse 23?

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Proverbs 6

Proverbs Chapter 6

Proverbs 6:1 "My son, if thou be surety for thy friend, [if] thou hast stricken thy hand with a stranger,"

Surety for thy friend means to put up security for someone else's loan.

This is just saying you are responsible for the note this other person has made. The foolishness here is making one's self responsible for another's debt and pledging to pay if the other defaults.

While there is a precedent for such a practice, it is far better to give to those in need or lend without interest.

Young people, many times, do not realize that they could have to pay the whole debt for something they did not receive by just signing an innocent looking piece of paper. When this chapter of Proverbs was written, a hand shake was just as binding as notarized notes are today. Our society has gone debt crazy. We buy things on time that we should not have bought at all, because we do not have the money to pay for it. The #1 cause of divorce in America is debt.

Proverbs 6:2 "Thou art snared with the words of thy mouth, thou art taken with the words of thy mouth."

Anyone who becomes responsible for another person's debt is trapped and controlled because he has yielded control of what God has given him as a stewardship.

Proverbs 6:3 "Do this now, my son, and deliver thyself, when thou art come into the hand of thy friend; go, humble thyself, and make sure thy friend."

This is very good advice about to be given in verses 3 through 5; get off the note.

The situation is so serious that it is imperative to take control of one's own God given resources and get out of such an intolerable arrangement immediately "deliver yourself", before coming to poverty or slavery.

Proverbs 6:4-5 "Give not sleep to thine eyes, nor slumber to thine eyelids." "Deliver thyself as a roe from the hand [of the hunter], and as a bird from the hand of the fowler."

This is just saying, don't even wait until tomorrow, go today and beg your friend to let you off of this note. Just as a deer escapes from the hunter or a bird from a net, you will be free and not responsible for someone else's note.

We are seeing in these parables just good rules for living successful business lives. These parables are to help us prosper in all that we do.

Proverbs 6:6 "Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise:"

A warning against laziness is appropriate after the discussion on the folly of guaranteeing someone else's debt, since it is often lazy people who want sureties.

The ant is an example of industry, diligence and planning and serves as a rebuke to a sluggard (a lazy person who lacks self control). Folly sends a lazy man to learn from an ant.

Proverbs 6:7-8 "Which having no guide, overseer, or ruler," "Provideth her meat in the summer, [and] gathereth her food in the harvest."

God does not like for us to be lazy (sluggard). The ant throughout history has shown great industry. It is wise to follow someone or something that teaches us good habits. The ant works without another ant over him and, yet, gets his work done and done well. The ant prepares ahead and is never short of food. We can learn a lesson from the ant. We should not have to be driven to work, but should do our work, because it needs to be done. We should work hard and prepare ahead for the winter.

Proverbs 6:9-10 "How long wilt thou sleep, O sluggard? when wilt thou arise out of thy sleep?" "[Yet] a little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to sleep:"

This lazy person (sluggard), loves to sleep late rather than to work. This lazy person uses every kind of excuse to avoid work. He says," I have to sleep a little, I do not have time to work right now".

Proverbs 6:11 "So shall thy poverty come as one that travaileth, and thy want as an armed man."

Poverty will come upon a person who does not want to work. Money is earned by the sweat of the brow and with busy hands. People, who do not like to work, receive no money. This is just a warning against being lazy and a sleepy head.

Just as a victim is overcome by a robber, so is the lazy man with his devotion to sleep rather than work, is led to poverty.

Proverbs 6:12 "A naughty person, a wicked man, walketh with a froward mouth."

This naughty, wicked man is an example of what none of us want to be. This man would not be a truthful person, but would be someone who lies to get his way or for evil gain.

This "naughty" or worthless person is considered a scoundrel, literally a "man of Belial", (meaning useless), a term which came to be used of the Devil himself (see 2 Cor. 6:15).

Proverbs 6:13 "He winketh with his eyes, he speaketh with his feet, he teacheth with his fingers;"

We see from this description and other descriptions of winking with the eye that it is used to trick people. This speaking with his feet shows that he is running to mischief. This talking with his fingers indicates evil gestures of the fingers. We have talked before about the mouth speaking from the issue of the heart. As the man thinketh in his heart, the mouth speaketh.

Apparently, this was common in the East. Fearing detection and to hide his intention, the deceiver spoke lies to the victim while giving signals with his eyes, hands and feet to someone else in on the deception to carry out the intrigue.

Proverbs 6:14 "Frowardness [is] in his heart, he deviseth mischief continually; he soweth discord."

"Frowardness" refers to moral perversity. The sin of strife, dissent or creating conflict intentionally recurs in Proverbs.

Evil men, with evil hearts, speak evil words. This evil person is continually thinking up ways to do wickedness. This man is not a peace maker. He is continually causing fussing and fighting because he spreads strife.

Proverbs 6:15 "Therefore shall his calamity come suddenly; suddenly shall he be broken without remedy."

God will not always overlook this evil. There is a day of reckoning. When God decides that reckoning day is here, it comes suddenly as a thief in the night. When God says it is enough, there will be nowhere for him to turn to. When God judges, his punishment will fit his crime.

In (verses 16-19), we see the words six and seven. The sequence of these two numbers was used both to represent totality and as a means of arresting attention. These 7 detestable sins provide a profound glimpse into the sinfulness of man. These verses act as a summary of the previous warnings:

(1) Haughty eyes;

(2) Lying tongue;

(3) Hands;

(4) Heart;

(5) Feet;

(6) False witness;

(7) Discord.

Proverbs 6:16 "These six [things] doth the LORD hate: yea, seven [are] an abomination unto him:"

We see here that there are some sins that God will just not tolerate. They are so terrible in His sight that He calls them an abomination. These 7 abominations to God just mean that they cover all the abominations.

Proverbs 6:17 "A proud look, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood,"

Haughtiness (a proud look), or you might say conceit is unacceptable unto God. Whatever we are, we have no reason for bragging about it, because God made us what we are; we had nothing to do with it. Even a king is a king because God planned it. You see, that leaves us no room to brag.

The tongue is the evilest part of the body and to add lying to it really is terrible in God's sight. Jesus is the truth. Everything of God is based on truth, so you can see how awful it is to lie. The hands should be used as tools of mercy, not as instruments of death to the innocent. You can easily see why these three top the list of sins that God hates.

Proverbs 6:18 "A heart that deviseth wicked imaginations, feet that be swift in running to mischief,"

The heart is either desperately wicked or pure. God will judge our hearts, not our deeds. These wicked imaginations here are speaking of people who imagine evil things which cause trouble for other people. "Feet" (as in verse 13); in the Scripture of the evil man, we learned that an evil person is eager to get into all kinds of mischief.

Proverbs 6:19 "A false witness [that] speaketh lies, and he that soweth discord among brethren."

In court, a false witness is said to perjure himself. If the court finds that person has given a false witness, the court will prosecute him and he might even spend some time in jail. You see, giving a false testimony is a very serious crime. It can cause great pain and suffering to the individual the false witness is against.

In the Sermon on the Mount, we see blessed is the peacemaker. One who sows discord is the opposite of a peacemaker for he is a troublemaker.

Proverbs 6:20-21 "My son, keep thy father's commandment, and forsake not the law of thy mother:" "Bind them continually upon thine heart, [and] tie them about thy neck."

All of the things (the 7 abominations), are in direct contrast to keeping the commandments of father and mother. This we learned (in Proverbs 3).

Proverbs 3:1-4 "My son, forget not my law; but let thine heart keep my commandments:" "For length of days, and long life, and peace, shall they add to thee." "Let not mercy and truth forsake thee: bind them about thy neck; write them upon the table of thine heart:" "So shalt thou find favor and good understanding in the sight of God and man."

In verse 21, here, we see that God is telling us to never lose sight of His laws (commandments). Our parents teach us the correct way to live. We should never grow too old to live up to the teachings of our parents.

"Thine heart" is better translated mind. The first thing to protect against the adulteress is not the body, but the mind.

Proverbs 6:22 "When thou goest, it shall lead thee; when thou sleepest, it shall keep thee; and [when] thou awakest, it shall talk with thee."

We read that God, Himself, will write His laws upon the fleshly parts of our heart. God's laws should be in our heart, not on a piece of paper. This hanging it on the neck just means to me that we are to ever keep His laws before our face.

His laws shall lead us into paths of righteousness. When we are asleep, even our subconscious mind is stayed upon Him.

This parallels the 3 circumstances of life (in Deut. 6:6-9 and 11:18), for which wisdom provides direction, protection, and meditation. The biblical instruction for parents prevents the entrance of evil by supplying good and true thoughts, even when sleeping.

Proverbs 6:23 "For the commandment [is] a lamp; and the law [is] light; and reproofs of instruction [are] the way of life:"

The law is light. Those who live for the Lord walk in the light as He is in the Light. Godly people love instructions in righteousness.

These all identify the Word of God which provides the wisdom leading to abundant and eternal life.

Proverbs 6:24 "To keep thee from the evil woman, from the flattery of the tongue of a strange woman."

Parental instruction in wisdom is crucial to strengthen a person against the strong attraction of sexual sin. By loving truth and being elevated to wisdom, men are not seduced by lying flattery.

Proverbs 6:25 "Lust not after her beauty in thine heart; neither let her take thee with her eyelids."

Sexual sin is rooted in lust (imagination of the sinful act), as implied (in Exodus 20:17), and addressed by Christ in Matthew.

Matthew 5:28 "But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart."

Fluttering eyelids have been used by sinful women for centuries to draw men to them. Prostitution is as old as the Bible, itself. It has been condemned from Genesis to Revelation. The whole book of Hosea is about a whorish woman. The woman in the instance in Hosea is speaking of Israel being unfaithful to God. Adultery (either spiritual or physical), has always been condemned of God. These few verses here are warning against falling into this type of sin.

Proverbs 6:26 "For by means of a whorish woman [a man is brought] to a piece of bread: and the adulteress will hunt for the precious life."

Here the smallest piece of bread demonstrates how the prostitute reduces the life of a man to insignificance, including the loss of his wealth, freedom, family, purity, dignity and even his soul.

Proverbs 6:27-29 "Can a man take fire in his bosom, and his clothes not be burned?" "Can one go upon hot coals, and his feet not be burned?" "So he that goeth in to his neighbor's wife; whosoever toucheth her shall not be innocent."

Powerful metaphors are given here to describe the obvious danger and destructive consequences of adultery, showing that punishment is a natural and expected consequence.

We already touched on the dangers of living in sex sin in a previous lesson, but we see here that a man who touches his neighbor's wife is in serious trouble with God. We spoke on the body being the temple of the Holy Ghost.

Verse 29 refers to a touch intended to inflame sexual passion. Paul uses the same expression with the same meaning (in 1 Cor 7:1).

Proverbs 6:30-31 "[Men] do not despise a thief, if he steals to satisfy his soul when he is hungry;" "But [if] he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house."

In these verses, it is not saying that it is not a sin to steal. It is saying a person has sympathy for someone who is so hungry that he steals to feed himself. If he is caught, the person he stole from will be happy to not prosecute him, if he will pay back what he stole 7 times.

The stealing here is not nearly as serious as the sin of adultery that we read of in the next few verses. Adultery is compared to a starving thief, who, though it may cost all he has, can make restitution and put the crime behind him permanently.

Proverbs 6:32 "[But] whoso committeth adultery with a woman lacketh understanding: he [that] doeth it destroyeth his own soul."

But for the adulterer, there is no restitution as there was for the thief, as he destroys his soul.

Proverbs 6:33 "A wound and dishonor shall he get; and his reproach shall not be wiped away."

Adultery is a cruel crime. Love for each other is the most precious gift a man and woman have on this earth except for the gifts of God. There is something very special about a man and his wife being one. To invade on this privacy of a man and his wife is without excuse.

Proverbs 6:34 "For jealousy [is] the rage of a man: therefore he will not spare in the day of vengeance."

Jealousy is a very strong emotion, especially when it has to do with infidelity or rape. Song of Solomon has a scripture that might express this better.

SOS 8:6 "Set me as a seal upon your heart, As a seal upon your arm; For love is as strong as death, Jealousy as cruel as the grave; Its frames are flames of fire, A most vehement flame.

Proverbs 6:35 "He will not regard any ransom; neither will he rest content, though thou givest many gifts."

A thief may satisfy his victim with an appropriate payment, but an offended husband cannot be bought off.

There is no money or gift that can repay this type of sinful act. The marriage of a man and his wife is likened unto the marriage of the Lord and His church. Just as anyone coming between the Lord and His church will not be permitted, neither is anyone to come between a man and his wife. It is unforgivable.

Proverbs Chapter 6 Questions

1. Being surety for a friend means you have gone on his ________.

2. A handshake in these Bible times was like what in our day?

3. Our society has gone _________ __________.

4. The #1 cause of divorce in America today is what?

5. What should you do if you have co-signed a note?

6. When should you do it?

7 What was getting off a note compared to? (Two things)

8. These Proverbs in chapter 6 are for what purpose?

9. What is a sluggard?

10. What is the sluggard told to study and imitate?

11. Who is the ant's boss?

12. In verse 9, what question is asked the sluggard?

13. Sleep and folding of the hands brings to what?

14. How does money come to a person?

15. Who walks with a froward mouth?

16. Describe 3 other things he does.

17. What shall happen to him?

18. How will it come upon this evil one?

19. How many things does God especially hate?

20. Why does God call them abominations?

21. Name the first 3 evils that are abominations.

22. What is something else a proud look could be called?

23. Why do we have absolutely no room to brag?

24. What is the evilest part of the body?

25. Everything of God is based on ________.

26. What should the hands be used for?

27. How is an evil man's heart described?

28. What is false testifying in court called?

29. What is the penalty for false teaching?

30. Who is the opposite of a peacemaker?

31. What does it mean to bind the commandments on our heart?

32. The law is __________.

33. Who love instructions in righteousness?

34. In verse 25, we are told not to lust after a beautiful woman and not to let her take thee with what?

35. A man who seeks whorish women will be brought to ___________.

36. What kind of a thief do men not despise?

37. If the thief is caught, how much shall he pay?

38. Whoso committeth adultery with a woman lacketh ____________.

39. What is the rage of a man?

40. Marriage of a man and woman is symbolic of what?

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Proverbs 7

Proverbs Chapter 7

Proverbs 7:1 "My son, keep my words, and lay up my commandments with thee."

Again, we see here the father's love for the son in teaching him the ways of righteousness. It is just as important to remember them as it is to learn them. Learning what we never use is of no use to us. Learning of commandments that keep us out of trouble will also save our life.

Proverbs 7:2 "Keep my commandments, and live; and my law as the apple of thine eye."

This expression refers to the pupil of the eye which, because it is the source of sight, is carefully protected. The son is to guard and protect his father's teachings because they give him spiritual and moral sight.

Proverbs 7:3 "Bind them upon thy fingers, write them upon the table of thine heart."

This is a call to give the truth of divine wisdom a permanent place in the mind and in conduct.

In Israel, it is not uncommon to write the Ten Commandments on tablets and wear them like rings on their fingers. The tables of our heart are the very place for all of God's laws to be. The world might do away with our Bibles, but they could not do away with the things we have hidden in our heart.

Proverbs 7:4 "Say unto wisdom, Thou [art] my sister; and call understanding [thy] kinswoman:"

Wisdom should become part of our very being. We have said before that wisdom is a gift of God to us and is in our inner most being. Understanding and wisdom go hand in hand. If we are wise, we have understanding.

Proverbs 7:5 "That they may keep thee from the strange woman, from the stranger [which] flattereth with her words."

This is a repeat of what we have been reading about the whorish woman. Perhaps the reason this is mentioned so many times is so that the young men will clearly remember these instructions.

Proverbs 7:6 "For at the window of my house I looked through my casement,"

The drama of seduction by the adulteress (introduced in v.5 and unfolding to verse 23), is described from the viewpoint on one who is watching from his window.

Proverbs 7:7 "And beheld among the simple ones, I discerned among the youths, a young man void of understanding,"

As we read (in chapter 1 verse 4), "To give subtilty to the simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion".

The purpose is to impart discernment to the nave and the ignorant. The root of "simple" is a word meaning "an open door," an apt description of the undiscerning, who do not know what to keep in or out of their minds. This describes this young man void of understanding.

Proverbs 7:8-9 "Passing through the street near her corner; and he went the way to her house," "In the twilight, in the evening, in the black and dark night:"

We see a picture here of someone observing from their window a young man who is not filled with the wisdom that we have been reading about, but a man who has no wisdom and understanding. He is a foolish man, spoken of as a simple man here (perhaps unlearned). He has not heeded the warnings about the harlot woman and he goes into her house.

Against the advice of (4:14-15), he put himself right in the harlot's place. "Fleeing immorality" (1 Cor. 6;18), starts by not being in the harlot's neighborhood at night.

Notice he believes that he is hidden by the darkness of the night. Many sins are committed in the dark and regretted in the light.

Proverbs 7:10 "And, behold, there met him a woman [with] the attire of a harlot, and subtil of heart."

This is an unfair contest between the simple young man, who lacks wisdom and is void of the truth, and the evil woman, who knows her goal, but hides her true intentions.

You ladies take note. There is a way to dress that would appear to be the dress of a harlot. This Scripture does not describe it for us, but most of us know what it looks like. It is way too short, and very tight so that her form would show. The neck would be cut low as to show her bosom. Very little would be left to the imagination. She would be wearing way too much makeup and have flashy jewelry hanging all over her. A pretty good description, wouldn't you say?

Now let us stop looking at her attire and look at her.

Proverbs 7:11-12 "(She [is] loud and stubborn; her feet abide not in her house:" "Now [is she] without, now in the streets, and lieth in wait at every corner.)"

She makes much noise to be seen and heard. She may be married but "her feet" does not abide in her own house.

In other words, she is a pick-up off the street.

These verses break the narrative to describe the woman's modes of operation leading to her successful seduction of the simple man.

Proverbs 7:13 "So she caught him, and kissed him, [and] with an impudent face said unto him,"

We see here a very forward woman. This open display of her lust for him in kissing him in public is revolting.

Proverbs 7:14 "[I have] peace offerings with me; this day have I paid my vows."

These peace offerings should not be involved in this type of rendezvous. Peace offerings were offered in the temple and a portion brought home to eat in a ceremonial supper, but not used as a bribe to get a man.

According to the law of peace offerings, the meat left over after the sacrifice was to be eaten before the end of the day. She appears very religious in making the invitation that the man joins her because she had made her offering and is bringing home the meat that must be eaten.

Proverbs 7:15 "Therefore came I forth to meet thee, diligently to seek thy face, and I have found thee."

It is already night and the meal must be consumed. It cannot be left for morning. Such hypocrisy is concerned about the ceremonial law while aggressively seducing someone to violate God's moral law.

Proverbs 7:16-17 "I have decked my bed with coverings of tapestry, with carved [works], with fine linen of Egypt." "I have perfumed my bed with myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon."

Fine linen was a sign of wealth. Here the solicitation is direct, as she describes the comfort of her bed with its aromatic spices.

Proverbs 7:18 "Come, let us take our fill of love until the morning: let us solace ourselves with loves."

We see here a woman who planned ahead to sin. She had already prepared her bed before she ever saw this young foolish man. This is a way of life with her. Her sleeping arrangements would have cost her a lot of money to prepare. This linen of Egypt symbolizes righteousness of the world which is filthy rags. Linen "righteousness". Egypt "world". This myrrh was expensive perfume which was ordinarily for the wedding bed.

Adultery is not true love, but mere physical gratification. Love and lust have been exchanged here. No love exists, this is pure lust. The first thing that is wrong with this is that they are not married to each other.

Proverbs 7:19-20 "For the goodman [is] not at home, he is gone a long journey:" "He hath taken a bag of money with him, [and] will come home at the day appointed."

Here she gives the simple man the assurance that there is no fear of discovery of their act, since her husband has taken a large sum of cash, needed because he will be away for a long time, returning at a set time and not before.

Proverbs 7:21 "With her much fair speech she caused him to yield, with the flattering of her lips she forced him."

In a previous lesson, the young men were warned about not listening to this kind of woman with her flattering lips. Now we see in detail how she flatters and then convinces this foolish young man to come in unto her. She first says, "I am here by myself; my husband has gone and won't be back till he spends all of that money he took with him". He finally gives in to her flattering and goes in unto her.

When the location, time and setting were allowed, the seduction was easy.

Proverbs 7:22 "He goeth after her straightway, as an ox goeth to the slaughter, or as a fool to the correction of the stocks;"

An ox has no idea that he is going to be killed, until it actually happens. This is the way of this foolish man here. He cannot see the destruction that lies ahead.

Ignorant of the real danger and incapable of resistance, he quickly succumbs like a beast to be butchered or a criminal put in stocks.

Proverbs 7:23 "Till a dart strike through his liver; as a bird hasteth to the snare, and knoweth not that it [is] for his life."

This has been the plot all along, to lure him as a bird is lured into a net and then killed. All the while he has no idea of the plot to kill him.

This refers to a mortal wound, as the liver represents the seat of life and the bird is snared to be eaten.

Proverbs 7:24 "Hearken unto me now therefore, O ye children, and attend to the words of my mouth."

Here, again, is a warning not to go in unto a harlot.

The appropriate application of this drama is made in the admonition of these verses to avoid her deadly seduction.

Proverbs 7:25 "Let not thine heart decline to her ways, go not astray in her paths."

A wise heart would not fall into this trap. This is just a warning to stay away from this evil woman. You would have to decline to get to her, for her place is in hell.

Proverbs 7:26 "For she hath cast down many wounded: yea, many strong [men] have been slain by her."

It is not just the weak men who fall, but strong men in the wrong place at the wrong time with the wrong thoughts for the wrong reasons.

Paid adulteresses have ruined many lives. There are many men whose lives have been totally destroyed by visiting this type woman.

Proverbs 7:27 "Her house [is] the way to hell, going down to the chambers of death."

There is no heavenly home for these women or the men they trick unless they repent and turn from their wicked ways. Death and destruction await her and her victims.

The wicked devise a plot of deception in which the innocent are captured and victimized like the one who is taken by death itself. "Sheol" is the place of death. For the wicked it is a place of no return, darkness, and torment.

Proverbs Chapter 7 Questions

1. In verse 2, what is to be kept as the apple of his eye?

2. How can we see the father's love for the son?

3. What is this that is to be bound to the fingers?

4. Where is the most important place to put the commandments of God?

5. What are we to call understanding that shows how close it should be to us?

6. What is meant by strange woman?

7. What was seen through the window of his house?

8. This young man was void of what?

9. Why did the young man go, as it was getting dark, to this place?

10. What teaching has this young man forgotten?

11. Who met the young man?

12. How was she dressed?

13. Describe how you feel a harlot would be dressed.

14. Not her dress, but her own character gave a picture of her as well. Describe her.

15. What was the first thing she did when she saw him?

16. Tell what the fine linen and Egypt are symbolic of.

17. How do we know that this woman planned ahead to sin?

18. Where does she say her husband is?

19. How had she forced this young man to go into her home?

20. How is this young man compared to an ox?

21. What has been this evil woman's plot all along?

22. In verse 24 and 25, what warning is repeated?

23. Who have already been slain by her?

24. What 2 things await this evil woman and her victims?

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Proverbs 8

Proverbs Chapter 8

In contrast to the evil woman of chapter 7, another "woman" is presented: Wisdom personified again as a prophetess whose call the son should heed. After calling to all classes of men to come and be wise, Wisdom praises in the first person her own moral excellence and value. Furthermore, the Lord Himself did not begin to create the universe apart from wisdom. The climax of the passage is found (in verses 32-36): whoso findeth me findeth life (verse 35).

Although some have associated (verses 22-31), with the creative work of the pre-incarnate Christ who is revealed as the Wisdom of God, the major emphasis of the context is on God's own use of wisdom in creating the universe. Those who would urge a reference to Christ here sometimes go on to point out the Hebrew word translated "possessed" is rendered "created" in the Greek translation of the Old Testament, thus inferring that Christ is less than fully eternal God.

However, although the Hebrew word (qunah), can at times be pressed to bear such a meaning, it basically means "acquire," or "possess" (that which has been acquired). The translation "possess": is clearly the meaning elsewhere in Proverbs and best fits the context here. Thus, the point is that in setting out to create the universe, God utilized wisdom as a basic principle of procedure.

Proverbs 8:1-3 Doth not wisdom cry? And understanding put forth her voice?" "She standeth in the top of high places, by the way in the places of the paths." "She crieth at the gates, at the entry of the city, at the coming in at the doors."

Wisdom with nothing to hide is available to everyone, being found in the most prominent of public places.

Here again, we are told that wisdom is available, but it will not just drop out of the sky and force itself upon us. We must want wisdom, and pray for it if we are to receive it. It is always there and always available. To get wisdom, we must activate our will to receive it. This wisdom is not hiding and coming out at night as the harlot and the foolish man.

The openness and public exposure of wisdom contrasts with the secrecy and intrigues of the wicked adulterers (in chapter 7).

Just as Christianity is for all, so is wisdom and knowledge. That is what I believe is meant by the gates and the entering of the gates.

Proverbs 8:4-5 "Unto you, O men, I call; and my voice [is] to the sons of man." "O ye simple, understand wisdom: and, ye fools, be ye of an understanding heart."

Whosoever will is the cry. (In verse 4), it is like a sermon crying out for the men to listen and heed.

Have you ever noticed how the little old grandmothers with very little formal education can read and understand the Bible better than some college graduates? I believe it has to do with their desire to learn of God and their willingness to receive their wisdom from Him. I know a man who cannot read, but God has called him to the ministry and has filled him with the wisdom to fulfill the job.

The purpose is to impart discernment to the naive and the ignorant. The root of simple is a word meaning "an open door", and apt description of the undiscerning, who do not know what to keep in or out of their minds.

This is all meant to make one ponder before sinning, thus to make a responsible choice.

Proverbs 8:6 "Hear; for I will speak of excellent things; and the opening of my lips [shall be] right things."

We see over and over in the Bible instructions for us to hear. This has to do with our receiving them down into our inner being. When we open our inner ears up to the things of God, we shall grow in understanding; for He is the truth.

Proverbs 8:7-8 "For my mouth shall speak truth; and wickedness [is] an abomination to my lips." "All the words of my mouth [are] in righteousness; [there is] nothing froward or perverse in them."

We see again from this, that wisdom is absolute truth. Those who are wise speak nothing but the absolute truth. Anything but truth is an abomination (displeasing to God).

"The words of my mouth": If you are a preacher, this is the sermon that proceeds from the mouth and must not be slanted, but straightforward. There should be no variance at all in the message, no watering down. Even words should be simple words (plain), not fancy or without understanding.

Righteousness, we have said so many times before, means in right standing with God. It is better to have our mouth filled with words He has given us to say.

Proverbs 8:9 "They [are] all plain to him that understandeth, and right to them that find knowledge."

The one who applies his mind to the wisdom of God will understand and gain moral knowledge and the insight to recognize truth.

Proverbs 8:10 "Receive my instruction, and not silver; and knowledge rather than choice gold."

This is just saying how much better it is to go for wisdom than the things of this world, and knowledge is better than searching for gold. We touched on this more fully in a previous lesson. Things of this world are not to be even compared with knowledge and wisdom of God.

Proverbs 8:11: "For wisdom [is] better than rubies; and all the things that may be desired are not to be compared to it."

This also is covered in the explanation above. The world and all its wealth, even its jewels, are not to be compared to the godly things.

The most valuable reality a young person can attain is the insight to order his life by the standard of truth.

Proverbs 8:12 "I wisdom dwell with prudence, and find out knowledge of witty inventions."

This is an explanation that prudence and wisdom go hand in hand.

This is saying that it is practical and applies to everything in life.

Proverbs 8:13 "The fear of the LORD [is] to hate evil: pride, and arrogancy, and the evil way, and the froward mouth, do I hate."

We learned earlier that the fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom. Fear is reverence to the ultimate when speaking of God. God hates evil. If we are His, we hate what He hates.

As we said in a previous lesson, pride and arrogance have no place with us. We are no more than what God has allowed us to be. If we have pride, it should be pride in that we are His and not our own. We are either children of light following the Lord, or we are children of Satan and follow him. We must hate evil to please God. Turn from even the appearance of evil.

It is better to listen than to speak, unless the words in our mouth are placed there by the Lord. Pride and arrogance is the opposite of being humble. The Lord loves the humble. The evil way is the way of the devil. The froward mouth comes from an evil heart and speaks ungodly things.

Wisdom hates what God hates. The highest virtue is humility (submission to God), and thus wisdom hates pride and self exaltation above all.

Proverbs 8:14 "Counsel [is] mine, and sound wisdom: I [am] understanding; I have strength."

Wisdom hates all the bad things we have been talking about and loves the things of the Lord. Now wisdom is saying what it is. We know that wisdom is strength. Think of Solomon. Of all the things that he could have asked God for, (riches and fame being two), he refused them and asked for wisdom. You see, wisdom brought to Solomon all of those side benefits. Wisdom (God), made him the richest man in the world and also brought him great fame, not only in his own country but in all the known world. Understanding is a side benefit of wisdom, as well. Wisdom is understanding.

In Isaiah 11:2, we read, "And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD;" We should seek this Spirit of the Lord to have these things.

Proverbs 8:15-16 "By me kings reign, and princes decree justice." "By me princes rule, and nobles, [even] all the judges of the earth."

Solomon's desire from God was to have the wisdom to rule the people fairly. Kings are more in need of wisdom than the ordinary person, because their decisions cause hardships for the people when they do not make good decisions.

Romans 13:1 "Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God."

Princes and kings are in office because God ordained it.

In this royal court setting, Solomon addresses his son as a future king. All these leaders should do their work by God's wisdom and justice.

Proverbs 8:17 "I love them that love me; and those that seek me early shall find me."

Wisdom's love for the one who receives it is proven by the benefits mentioned (in verses 18-21).

Matthew 7:7-8 "Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you:" "For every one that asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened."

This in Matthew is in Jesus' own words. God is always reaching out to man. While we were yet in sin, God loved us so much that He sent His only begotten Son to die on the cross that we might live. He loves us, we need to love Him.

John 14:21, "He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him."

Proverbs 8:18 "Riches and honor [are] with me; [yea], durable riches and righteousness."

Solomon, who was given great wisdom, experienced its wealth of benefits firsthand as a young king.

In Matthew 6:19-21 "Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal:" "But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal:" "For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also."

Lasting riches are those that are stored in heaven.

Proverbs 8 Questions

1. Wisdom is available for all who ___________.

2. Who usually understands more about the Bible than the extremely educated?

3. In verse 6, why should we hear?

4. Wisdom's mouth speaks what?

5. In verse 8, there is nothing _________ or _________in them.

6. Wisdom is absolute ____________.

7. What does abomination mean?

8. What does "the words of my mouth" mean if you are a preacher?

9. What kind of words should always be used?

10. Receive my instruction and not ___________.

11. And knowledge rather than choice __________.

12. In verse 11, wisdom is better than ___________.

13. The fear of the Lord is to _______________.

14. What 4 things does He hate in verse 13?

15. Why can we not be proud or arrogant?

16. What must we hate to please God?

17. What 2 things are the opposite of humble?

18. The froward mouth comes from an ___________.

19. What is strength in verse 14?

20. In Isaiah 11:2, when the Spirit of the Lord rests upon him, he received the spirit of wisdom, _________, ____________, __________.

21. In Romans 13:1, we read that who causes someone to reign?

22. Who does God love?

23. If we seek God early, __________ ___________ ______________.

24. What scripture in Matthew goes into detail on this?

25. In verse 18, we read that durable riches are with Him. What does Jesus say this type of riches is?

Proverbs Chapter 8 Continued

Proverbs 8:19 "My fruit [is] better than gold, yea, than fine gold; and my revenue than choice silver."

In (verses 18-21), we learn that Solomon, who was given great wisdom, experienced its wealth of benefits firsthand as a young king.

James 3:17-18 "But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, [and] easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy." "And the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace of them that make peace."

Proverbs 8:20-21 "I lead in the way of righteousness, in the midst of the paths of judgment:" "That I may cause those that love me to inherit substance; and I will fill their treasures."

Isaiah shows how the Lord will lead His people.

Isaiah 30:21 "And thine ears shall hear a word behind thee, saying, This [is] the way, walk ye in it, when ye turn to the right hand, and when ye turn to the left."

Ezekiel 37:24 "And David my servant [shall be] king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them."

In Romans, we see that we are sons of God and heirs with Jesus if we love Him.

Romans 8:14 "For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God."

Romans 8:17 "And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with [him], that we may be also glorified together."

Just as the Lord throughout Scripture has not only protected, but prospered His people, that is the promise here too. God protects and blesses His own, if they will walk in His path. There is a curse for those who do not walk in His ways.

Verses 22-31: "The Lord possessed me": Wisdom personified claims credit for everything that God created, so that wisdom was first, as God was eternally first. Christ used His eternal wisdom in creation.

Proverbs 8:22 "The LORD possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old."

In Psalms 148:5 "Let them praise the name of the LORD: for he commanded, and they were created."

You see, we are His creation. We are also His because we have been purchased by His shed blood on the cross. We are not our own, He owns us. We are His possession, and we have been ever since He created us. So many believe that Wisdom is the second person of the trinity. Whether it is Him or whether He possesses all wisdom does not matter.

Proverbs 8:23-24 "I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was." "When [there were] no depths, I was brought forth; when [there were] no fountains abounding with water."

This is just saying that Wisdom was established even before the world began. By the wisdom of God, the universe was created. Just as the Word is Jesus, Wisdom in this sense, is too. This is the wisdom of God that we see here. This is wisdom far beyond our Comprehension.

In verse 24, it just goes in to detail saying that when all of the earth was created, Wisdom already existed.

Note how the verses (from 24-36), parallel the creation account. The earth (verse 23), with day one (in Gen. 1:1-5); water (verse 24), with day two (in Gen. 1:6-8); and land (verses 25-26), with day three (in Gen. 1:9-13).

Proverbs 8:25-26 "Before the mountains were settled, before the hills was I brought forth:" "While as yet he had not made the earth, nor the fields, nor the highest part of the dust of the world."

The very same thing said of wisdom here is spoken of God in Psalms.

Psalm 90:2 "Before the mountains were brought forth or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou art God."

You see wisdom and God seem to be overlapping. Elaborate descriptions of what had not been created when wisdom began just drive home the eternity of God and His wisdom.

Proverbs 8:27-28 "When he prepared the heavens, I [was] there: when he set a compass upon the face of the depth:" "When he established the clouds above: when he strengthened the fountains of the deep:"

Compass means He "drew a circle". The Hebrew word for circle indicated that the earth is a globe; therefore, the horizon is circular. This "deep" that surrounds the earth was the original world ocean that covered the surface of the earth before it was fully formed and given life.

Proverbs 8:29-30 "When he gave to the sea his decree, that the waters should not pass his commandment: when he appointed the foundations of the earth:" "Then I was by him, [as] one brought up [with him]: and I was daily [his] delight, rejoicing always before him;"

"The sea His decree": In creation, God limited the waters on the earth, commanding into existence shorelines beyond which the oceans cannot go. The foundations figuratively denote the solid structure of the earth.

Genesis 1:1 "In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth."

You just somehow think of it as a mass without details. In these verses, we have been reading in detail the things that God has created. When you list each in detail the magnitude of God's mighty creation stands out very strongly. It is impossible, as I have said so many times before in this lesson, to separate God and His wisdom. It is part of Him and just as eternal.

My favorite scripture in the entire Bible does the best job of explaining this. Wisdom and the Word are eternal.

John 1:1-3 "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God." "The same was in the beginning with God." "All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made."

In the NASB for (verse 30), this is described.

"Then I was beside Him as a master craftsman; meaning as translated (in SOS 7:1 and Jer. 52:15), as a term describing wisdom as competent and experienced in the craft of creation.

Proverbs 8:31 "Rejoicing in the habitable part of his earth; and my delights [were] with the sons of men."

This is the promise to all who believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, that the wisdom of God is available to us, also. We must pray and ask God, and He will give us wisdom. Mankind is made in the likeness of God. God's desire is that we live godly lives directed by His wisdom.

When God rejoiced over His creation, wisdom was also rejoicing, especially in the creation of mankind, who alone in the physical creation has the capacity to appreciate wisdom and truth.

Proverbs 8:32 "Now therefore hearken unto me, O ye children: for blessed [are they that] keep my ways."

The blessed of the Lord are the ones who walk in His ways. God promises great blessings throughout the Bible to all who keep His commandments. There is a curse spoken against those who continuously walk in sin. Those filled with the wisdom of God are wise unto their own salvation. Those who refuse God and His wisdom are children of the evil one.

Proverbs 8:33-34 "Hear instruction, and be wise, and refuse it not." "Blessed [is] the man that heareth me, watching daily at my gates, waiting at the posts of my doors."

The walk of a Christian is one day at a time. Our commitment to the Lord is for a lifetime, but we must live it one day at a time. God's instructions for living are found in the Bible. It is impossible to live pleasing lives in Him without knowing what His Word (Bible), says. Our prayer each day should be, "Lord, help me live pleasing to you today".

Proverbs 8:35 "For whoso findeth me findeth life, and shall obtain favor of the LORD."

In John it tells how there is life in the Word. As we said before; Word, Wisdom, and God are not possible to separate.

John 1:4 "In him was life; and the life was the light of men."

Proverbs 8:36 "But he that sinneth against me wrongeth his own soul: all they that hate me love death."

Mark 16:16 "He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned."

Since wisdom is the source of life, anyone hating wisdom, so as to spurn it, is acting as if he loves death.

Proverbs Chapter 8 Continued Questions

1. In James 3:17, we read that wisdom that is from above is first ______ then _______and full of _______ _________.

2. In verse 20, we see wisdom leading in what?

3. We see those that love wisdom inherit what?

4. Isaiah 30:21, shows what?

5. In Ezekiel 37:24, what do we read about?

6. In chapter 8 of Romans, who are the sons of God?

7. There are blessings for those who obey God, but what is the fate of those unwise who do not obey?

8. In chapter 148 of Psalms, why should we praise the Lord?

9. In verse 23, who is the "I"?

10. When was wisdom established?

11. Who is the Word?

12. What Scripture in Psalms is the same as V-25 here?

13. Why is wisdom eternal?

14. Who is the "He" in V-27?

15. When you list so many wonderful things He created, what does it make you more aware of?

16. In John chapter 1 verse 1, who is the Word?

17. God's desire for His sons of men is what?

18. Who are the blessed in verse 32?

19. Those who refuse God and His wisdom are whose children?

20. Our commitment to the Lord is for a lifetime, but our walk is what?

21. For whoso findeth me findeth _____ _________ ________.

22. In him was life; and the life was the ___________ of men.

23. He that sinneth against me wrongeth his own ____________.

24. He that believeth not shall be _____________.

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Proverbs 9

Proverbs Chapter 9

Proverbs 9:1 "Wisdom hath builded her house, she hath hewn out her seven pillars:"

The first thing we must look at here is the "house". The wise person (Christian), is building a house. The significance of "her seven pillars", is to convey the sufficiency of this house as full in size and fit for a banquet.

This is a spiritual house that we read about (in 1 Peter 2:5).

"Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ."

We can read a great deal about the Christian being God's house (in chapter 3 of Hebrews). It would be good to read from (verse 1 through 6). I will just quote (verse 6 here),

Hebrews 3:6 "But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end."

In Revelation 21:3, we see that the tabernacle of God is with men. God is our house, and we are His. These "seven pillars" are similar to the seven pillars in the temple in Jerusalem. "Seven" means spiritually complete, and we see the perfection that God will build His house.

We also see seven churches in Revelation which are symbolic of all Christendom. We also see the seven gifts of the Spirit which supports the church.

Proverbs 9:2 "She hath killed her beasts; she hath mingled her wine; she hath also furnished her table."

We see here in the "mingled wine" the wine that has been diluted with water for drinking in the temple. The table is well furnished with beasts and wine.

Wine was diluted with water as much as 1 to 8 to reduce its power to intoxicate. It was also mixed with spices for flavor. Unmixed wine is called strong drink.

Proverbs 9:3 "She hath sent forth her maidens: she crieth upon the highest places of the city,"

We see in this Scripture the "she", of course, is wisdom. "Maidens" in God's sight are the bride of Christ. In this case, these would be those who are going out with a wise message to invite people to the marriage supper of the Lamb. This then would be ministers who go everywhere and bring God's message calling them to be saved and to come to this supper.

The call of wisdom is not secret, but public.

Proverbs 9:4 "Whoso [is] simple, let him turn in hither: [as for] him that wanteth understanding, she saith to him,"

God sends to the lowly of the earth the invitation to come to Him. In fact, the invitation is to whosoever will. You see, ordinarily it is not the worldly wise who come humbly to God, but it is just ordinary people like you and me.

Proverbs 9:5 "Come, eat of my bread, and drink of the wine [which] I have mingled."

This is God's banquet call.

The invitation here in verse 5 is the same Jesus gave the disciples. He broke the bread and said eat of His body and served the wine and said drink of His blood. Bread and wine are communion dishes. They are the communion of the saints with the Lord.

Proverbs 9:6 "Forsake the foolish, and live; and go in the way of understanding."

Only a fool would say there is no God. We are to turn from our foolish ways (forsake), so that we might have everlasting life. To go in the way of understanding, is to accept the Lord Jesus as our Savior and Lord.

In verses 7-9 we see that wise people receive reproof and rebuke with appreciation; fools do not.

Proverbs 9:7 "He that reproveth a scorner getteth to himself shame: and he that rebuketh a wicked [man getteth] himself a blot."

When you witness to someone about the Scriptures trying to get them saved and they ridicule you for it and want to argue about it, it is best not to argue. Sometimes their guilt becomes so great, that they might tell lies and do you harm. This does not mean that we are to stop trying to help people come to the Lord; but it does mean if we see they are angered by our trying to help them, just go on and leave them alone.

Proverbs 9:8 "Reprove not a scorner, lest he hate thee: rebuke a wise man, and he will love thee."

We see here that some people will not accept your message if it corrects error in their life. Some people, if you remind them of sin in their life, will hate you. I have heard people say in church, if the preacher doesn't step on their toes pretty often, he is not a good preacher. These are the wise who want to be reminded of their sins so they can repent.

Proverbs 9:9 "Give [instruction] to a wise [man], and he will be yet wiser: teach a just [man], and he will increase in learning."

There is really no question about what this means. Those who are wise are eager to take instruction from someone who knows a little more about the subject. The only people who can increase in learning are the ones who want to learn.

Proverbs 9:10 "The fear of the LORD [is] the beginning of wisdom: and the knowledge of the holy [is] understanding."

We touched on this earlier in Proverbs, but we will say here, fear of God is reverence of God.

1 Samuel tells us about the advantages of those who fear the Lord over those who do not.

1 Samuel 12:14-15 "If ye will fear the LORD, and serve him, and obey his voice, and not rebel against the commandment of the LORD, then shall both ye and also the king that reigneth over you continue following the LORD your God:" "But if ye will not obey the voice of the LORD, but rebel against the commandment of the LORD, then shall the hand of the LORD be against you, as [it was] against your fathers."

The holy here is God. So this is saying the knowledge of God is understanding.

Proverbs 9:11 "For by me thy days shall be multiplied, and the years of thy life shall be increased."

This is not only speaking of our life being extended here on earth, but for all of eternity.

Proverbs 9:12 "If thou be wise, thou shalt be wise for thyself: but [if] thou scornest, thou alone shalt bear [it]."

We see here that it is our own responsibility to seek wisdom, and it is our own loss if we reject the Lord.

Every individual is responsible for his or her own conduct, so that the choices we make affect our own lives.

Verses 13-18: The feast of folly is described as offered by the foolish hostess. Note the contrast with lady wisdom (in verses 1-6), and similarities to the immoral woman (in 7:6-23).

Proverbs 9:13 "A foolish woman [is] clamorous: [she is] simple, and knoweth nothing."

This has a literal meaning. A foolish woman is a woman who does not have godly ways. This describes a woman with poor morals. This also can be symbolic of the opposite of wisdom. Foolishness is rejection of God. Certainly, this person would know nothing that is truly important.

Proverbs 9:14-16 "For she sitteth at the door of her house, on a seat in the high places of the city," "To call passengers who go right on their ways:" "Whoso [is] simple, let him turn in hither: and [as for] him that wanteth understanding, she saith to him,"

The literal of this woman would be that of the harlot woman who waits on the street corner and seduces her victims. The men who are not of God get involved in her sin. The spiritual here, has to do with those who reject God and go the way of the world. In both cases, we would have to say that they are lacking in understanding.

Proverbs 9:17 "Stolen waters are sweet, and bread [eaten] in secret is pleasant."

Forbidden delights sometimes seem sweeter and more pleasant because of their risk and danger.

Proverbs 9:18 "But he knoweth not that the dead [are] there; [and that] her guests [are] in the depths of hell."

"Stolen waters" here is speaking of a man having an affair with a harlot. This is not his wife. Adultery, as we have said before, leads to hell and destruction. The flattering words of folly lead to death.

It is interesting that wisdom offered meat and wine to her guests and the foolish offers bread and water. It seems that the world wants only the forbidden fruit. But just as it led Adam and Eve to destruction, so will it bring the foolish down. Death and hell await the foolish that reject God.

Proverbs Chapter 9 Questions

1. In verse 1, how many pillars have been hewn?

2. What had seven pillars in the building?

3. Who is building a spiritual house?

4. What are the Christians called in 1 Peter 2?

5. In Hebrews 3:6, we are God's house if we do what?

6. In Revelation 21:3, the tabernacle of God is where?

7. What other seven can be thought of as holding up the church?

8. What does "mingled wine" mean?

9. Maidens in God's sight are whom?

10. In this particular use of "maidens", it is probably who?

11. In verse 4, calling of the simple is what?

12. In verse 5, the bread and wine remind us of what?

13. Forsake the foolish and _______.

14. What does "forsake" mean?

15. In verse 7, what does reproving a scorner mean?

16. If you reprove a scorner, he will ______ ______.

17. Rebuke a wise man and he will ________ _________.

18. The wise are eager for what in verse 9?

19. The knowledge of the holy is _________________.

20. Who is holy?

21. What is meant by fear of God?

22. By wisdom what can happen to your life?

23. Whose responsibility is it to receive wisdom?

24. What kind of woman is clamorous?

25. What is the literal meaning of this type of woman?

26. What lie does she tell them to seduce them?

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Proverbs 10

Proverbs Chapter 10

The second Solomonic collection begins here and goes through (to 22:16). It consists of 375 individual proverbs. Each of which expresses a complete idea. This is one of the few places in Scripture where context is little or no help. Each proverb represents in a practical way the choice one must make between the way of Wisdom and the way of folly. The parallel, two line (proverbs of chapters 10-15), are mostly contrast or opposites (antithetical), while those (of chapters 16-22), are mostly similarities or comparisons (synthetical).

Proverbs 10:1 "The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son maketh a glad father: but a foolish son [is] the heaviness of his mother."

We see the joy or sorrow of parents. Most parents live the most part of their lives for their children. The children actually determine whether the parents are happy in their later years or not. There is not a more unhappy parent in the world than one who knows his or her child is caught up in sin and things of this world. There is no happier parent than one who knows that his or her offspring are all saved with their names written in the Lamb's book of life. Children who are living for Jesus are a joy to any parent.

This grief is most deeply felt by the mother, who plays a more intimate role in raising a child.

Proverbs 10:2 "Treasures of wickedness profit nothing: but righteousness delivereth from death."

You see, all the wealth we can accumulate here on this earth will all be left behind when our heavenly Father says it is time for us to die. Be sure everyone will die. Treasures gotten through evil ways will seal your doom for all of eternity if you do not repent and turn from your wicked ways. You cannot buy your way into heaven. You certainly cannot use this ill gotten wealth to purchase eternal life.

The only thing that brings life eternal with Jesus our Lord is to be in right standing with Him. "Righteousness" is just that, being in right standing with our Lord. We put on the robe of His righteousness: white as snow, washed in His blood, when we accept Him as our Lord and Savior.

The greatest of all treasures and life, is gained by righteousness.

Proverbs 10:3 "The LORD will not suffer the soul of the righteous to famish: but he casteth away the substance of the wicked."

In Psalms we read:

Psalms 37-22-27 "For [such as be] blessed of him shall inherit the earth; and [they that be] cursed of him shall be cut off." "The steps of a [good] man are ordered by the LORD: and he delighteth in his way." "Though he fall, he shall not be utterly cast down: for the LORD upholdeth [him with] his hand." "I have been young, and [now] am old; yet have I not seen the righteous forsaken, nor his seed begging bread." "[He is] ever merciful, and lendeth; and his seed [is] blessed." "Depart from evil, and do good; and dwell for evermore."

How could I even add to all of this? God takes care of His own. You may have a few problems to strengthen you; but you will not go hungry, and you will inherit eternal life.

For a while, the wicked may seem to realize their desires, but in the end, God removes their accomplishments because they are evil.

Proverbs 10:4 "He becometh poor that dealeth [with] a slack hand: but the hand of the diligent maketh rich."

Poverty by itself is not evil, unless it is the product of laziness. This verse is in contrast to the sluggard.

Early to bed, and early to rise; maketh a man healthy, wealthy, and wise. How many times in our life have we all been told this by our parents, teachers, and friends? This "slack hand" above is speaking of a lazy person who will not work. You cannot have money unless you are willing to work to get it.

Get your priorities straight and work hard, and God will bless you abundantly even in this life. Laziness will get you nowhere but to the poorhouse.

Proverbs 10:5 "He that gathereth in summer [is] a wise son: [but] he that sleepeth in harvest [is] a son that causeth shame."

The timing necessary in agriculture can be applied to the general laying hold of life's opportunities.

Harvest time is a time when we work from sunup to sundown to get the crop in. A person may lie in bed a little longer when it is very cold and the ground is too hard to work, but come harvest we must reap. We see here a two fold message. This is speaking of literal crops, but it is also speaking of the harvest at the end of the world.

Everyone who knows anything about the Lord should be working from sunup to sundown to get the harvest (wheat), of believers into the kingdom of God. If you can minister in any capacity, now is not the time to sit on the sideline. Get into the field and harvest the wheat (believers).

Proverbs 10:6 "Blessings [are] upon the head of the just: but violence covereth the mouth of the wicked."

We have just been reading how the blessings are on those who do justly.

In James, we read that all good comes from God.

James 1:17, "Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning."

This "violence" that covers the mouth of the wicked, later falls back upon his foul mouth.

Mal. 2:16 "For the LORD, the God of Israel, saith that he hateth putting away: for [one] covereth violence with his garment, saith the LORD of hosts: therefore take heed to your spirit, that ye deal not treacherously."

Hab. 2:17: "For the violence of Lebanon shall cover thee, and the spoil of beasts, [which] made them afraid, because of men's blood, and for the violence of the land, of the city, and of all that dwell therein."

Proverbs 10:7 "The memory of the just [is] blessed: but the name of the wicked shall rot."

This verse refers to the way a righteous person is remembered by man and God after his death.

Every time you do something good for someone you feel good about yourself. The blessings of the Lord are for those who live uprightly.

You never see monuments to the wicked. A good example of an evil one, who no one celebrates his birthday, is Hitler. No one wants to remember this evil one.

Proverbs 10:8 "The wise in heart will receive commandments: but a prating fool shall fall."

This "wise in heart" would be a humble person easy to teach, not a proud, highminded person. This "prating fool" is someone who is always bragging. The little meaning of prating is lip. This is someone who talks too much and lets his conversation trap him.

To finish the parallelism, the wise listens and is teachable and, therefore, will be lifted up. The fool, always talking, falls because he rejects God's commands.

Proverbs 10:9 "He that walketh uprightly walketh surely: but he that perverteth his ways shall be known."

Romans 6:4, "Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life."

The upright walk is the walk we Christians walk following Jesus. We will not stumble and fall, because we have the light of Jesus at our feet to light our way.

Those who walk in the dark are evil. Evil will be exposed. These are people who practice doing evil. Be sure your sins will find you out.

Those who have integrity or who live what they believe, exist without fear of some evil being discovered, while those who are perverse and have secret wickedness will not be able to hide it.

Proverbs 10:10 "He that winketh with the eye causeth sorrow: but a prating fool shall fall."

When we see winking eyes, the two involved are scheming to do you evil. This is ordinarily plotting to do evil.

We covered this in chapter 6:13-14. Fearing detection and to hide evil intentions, deceivers spoke lies to victims while giving signals with their eyes, hands and or feet to others in on the deception.

Proverbs 10:11 "The mouth of a righteous [man is] a well of life: but violence covereth the mouth of the wicked."

Bitter and sweet water does not come from the same well. Jesus (at the well), told the woman, if she drank of the water He provided, she would never thirst again. Life everlasting comes with the mouth.

Romans 10:9 "That if thou shalt confess with the mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved."

The Lord is the source of this fountain which then springs up in the wise man as wise speech, wise laws, the fear of the Lord, and understanding. As we said in the sixth verse, violence which has gone forth from the wicked, later falls back upon his foul mouth.

The wicked is in direct contrast. Their way leads unto death.

Proverbs 10:12 "Hatred stirreth up strifes: but love covereth all sins."

In 1 Peter, we read that love covereth a multitude of sins.

1 Peter 4:8″And above all things have fervent charity among yourselves: for charity shall cover the multitude of sins."

Hatred and murder are next of kin. Feuds throughout the ages have been caused by hatred. Sometimes a few generations after the original incident most of the haters do not even know why they hate. Forgiveness is a by-product of love. That is the way to stop all the hate, forgive them and love them.

True love seeks the highest good for another.

Proverbs 10:13 "In the lips of him that hath understanding wisdom is found: but a rod [is] for the back of him that is void of understanding."

The wise man speaks good things. This is the same rod as the rod of correction we will read about later on in Proverbs. Children are sometimes difficult to train until the rod of correction is applied.

In this reference to corporal punishment applied to the backside, recommends it as the most effective way of dealing with children and fools.

They soon become wiser than they were before the rod was applied.

Proverbs 10:14 "Wise [men] lay up knowledge: but the mouth of the foolish [is] near destruction."

James 1:26 "If any man among you seem to be religious, and bridleth not his tongue, but deceiveth his own heart, this man's religion [is] vain."

The foolish always seem to want to talk about something they know nothing about.

James 3:1-10 "My brethren, be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation." "For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same [is] a perfect man, [and] able also to bridle the whole body." "Behold, we put bits in the horses' mouths, that they may obey us; and we turn about their whole body." "Behold also the ships, which though [they be] so great, and [are] driven of fierce winds, yet are they turned about with a very small helm, whithersoever the governor listeth." "Even so the tongue is a little member, and boasteth great things. Behold, how great a matter a little fire kindleth!" "And the tongue [is] a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell." "For every kind of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed of mankind:" "But the tongue can no man tame; [it is] an unruly evil, full of deadly poison." "Therewith bless we God, even the Father; and therewith curse we men, which are made after the similitude of God." "Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be."

A wise man is quiet and listens and soaks up information.

Proverbs 10:15 "The rich man's wealth [is] his strong city: the destruction of the poor [is] their poverty."

Money can buy many things and acquire many creature comforts that the poor cannot possibly have. It seems the rich get richer and the poor get poorer. There really is nothing wrong with having money. It is how you feel about your wealth and what you do with it that might become sin. Whatever state you find yourself in, be content. If you are poor, work hard and try to work yourself up. In America, if you really try, you need not stay poor.

While the rich man thinks he has his walled city for protection, the poor man knows he has nothing. Both should trust in the Lord as their only protection.

Proverbs 10:16 "The labor of the righteous [tendeth] to life: the fruit of the wicked to sin."

Men, who do not labor in this life, generally have too much time on their hands. They have plenty of time to get into trouble. People who like to take shortcuts at making a living and do not labor to earn their living, wind up scheming against their neighbor to get what does not belong to them and wind up in sin. The earnings of the wicked provide more opportunities for sinning.

On the other hand, people who work hard and earn their living usually are honest. Law abiding citizens a great many times have deep spiritual convictions which bring eternal life.

Proverbs 10:17 "He [is in] the way of life that keepeth instruction: but he that refuseth reproof erreth."

Instruction is something we should be eager to receive. It keeps us on the right path and keeps us from making mistakes. Only a fool refuses correction. You have completely stopped growing when you will not accept correction.

Proverbs Chapter 10 Questions

1. What kind of son maketh a glad father?

2. A foolish son is the heaviness of whom?

3. What generally determines whether a parent is happy in old age or not?

4. What kind of treasure profiteth nothing?

5. What is righteousness?

6. Verse 3 tells us God will not allow the righteous to ____________.

7. The steps of a good man are ___________ ____________ _____________.

8. What happens to the man who deals with a slack hand?

9. What does "slack hand" mean?

10. Where will laziness get you?

11. A son that sleepeth in harvest _______ ____________.

12. What does "harvest time" mean spiritually?

13. Blessings are on the ______________of the just.

14. Who was an evil person that people do not care to remember?

15. Who are the wise in heart?

16. Who is a prating fool?

17. In Romans 6:4, we find that Christians should walk in ______________ ______________ ____________.

18. Why will Christians not stumble and fall?

19. What are winking eyes usually a sign of?

20. The mouth of a righteous man is a _________________________.

21. In 1 Peter 4:8, we read that love covereth _______ ________________ _______.

22. What is a by-product of love?

23. Who is the rod for?

24. What is a rich man's strong city?

25. If you find yourself with too much time, you might get into _____ ___________.

26. What will a person who is wise be eager to receive?

27. What is a person called who refuses instruction?

Proverbs Chapter 10 Continued

Proverbs 10:18 "He that hideth hatred [with] lying lips, and he that uttereth a slander, [is] a fool."

What really is a "fool"? Really, a fool is someone who has undeniable proof before them and still will not believe. They are not able to determine truth but will prefer to believe a lie.

Once in the Canadian Rockies, we were in a spot surrounded on every side by the most fantastic snow-covered mountains that I had ever seen. No two of them were alike in color or shape, and this man said, "only a fool could look at this and say there is no God". You see, a fool has no understanding at all.

Lying is having no understanding of why we must tell the truth. A person who tells something untrue about someone else and tears down their good name has no understanding and is therefore a fool.

Both the harboring and venting of hatred are wrong and will be punished. Slander, (gossip or lies), is forbidden.

Proverbs 10:19 "In the multitude of words there wanteth not sin: but he that refraineth his lips [is] wise."

The person who listens learns. Talking too much leads to sin. A loose tongued person is boring and noisy and really not very likely to learn anything new. When you are talking, you cannot listen.

Wisdom is to restrain the tongue since much speech risks sin.

Proverbs 10:20 "The tongue of the just [is as] choice silver: the heart of the wicked [is] little worth."

As we have said in all these studies, silver is symbolic of redemption. A person, (Christian), who is just and upright, uses his tongue to tell others about the salvation of Jesus. As we have said before, the source of all that we are, good or bad, is in the heart. A person with a wicked heart is continually doing evil.

Tongue and heart are words used as parallel terms because they are inseparably linked.

Luke 6:45 "A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh."

Choice silver means good words are scarce, precious and valuable.

Proverbs 10:21 "The lips of the righteous feed many: but fools die for want of wisdom."

The type of food that this is speaking of is spiritual food. In Matthew, we read in Jesus' own words,

Matthew 4:4 "It is written man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God".

The word of God proceeding from the lips of the righteous feed them spiritually. This is speaking of the salvation message. As we said, in the lesson above, a fool has no understanding and doesn't want any. He will die in sin.

As sound teaching benefits many, the fool starves himself to death spiritually by his lack of wise teaching.

Proverbs 10:22 "The blessing of the LORD, it maketh rich, and he addeth no sorrow with it."

Abraham was blessed of God because of his great faith. We see that God will pour out His blessings (not only spiritual, but physical as well), on those that love Him and walk in His ways. In our Genesis study, we saw this of Abraham. I will quote just one verse here to prove the point.

Genesis 13:2, "and Abram was very rich in cattle, in silver, and in gold." Abram (Abraham) had length of days, and a son in his old age (Isaac) because he had faith in God. He had no curse (sorrow) from God only blessings, because he walked uprightly before God.

The term "No Sorrow" means that none of the sorrow that is associated with ill-gotten wealth is associated with wealth provided by the Lord.

Proverbs 10:23 "[It is] as sport to a fool to do mischief: but a man of understanding hath wisdom."

A fool (someone who lacks understanding), finds pleasure in sin. He is not only happy in the sin, he does evil to others as well. This just contrasted to someone who understands there is a better way.

Proverbs 10:24 "The fear of the wicked, it shall come upon him: but the desire of the righteous shall be granted."

In James, we read that God answers the prayer of the righteous.

James 5:16 "Confess [your] faults one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much."

Fear is not of God, those who are continually wicked fear judgment and punishment, because they know they deserve to die.

The righteous receive what they desire, while the wicked receive what they fear.

Proverbs 10:25 "As the whirlwind passeth, so [is] the wicked no [more]: but the righteous [is] an everlasting foundation."

A "whirlwind" comes up in a hurry, and is gone in a hurry and that is the end of someone evil, as well. They may appear to prosper quickly, but it is soon gone. The righteous is solid as a rock. In fact, they are lively stones building the foundation of Christianity on the earth.

1 Peter 2:4-5 "To whom coming, [as unto] a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, [and] precious," "Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ."

Proverbs 10:26 "As vinegar to the teeth, and as smoke to the eyes, so [is] the sluggard to them that send him."

If you send someone out to do a job, you do not want him being lazy and laying around (sluggard). If you have someone this lazy working for you, it is painful to you just like it is painful to put pure vinegar on your teeth. It makes them burn.

Defined: As the acidity of vinegar causes the unpleasantness and pain to the teeth, and by softening and dissolving alkali of the bone, impairs their texture, and renders them incapable of mastication;

Smoke in your eyes causes you to cry, and I believe that is what is meant here. Truly someone who is supposed to do a job and won't, will bring you tears. You can imagine how God feels when He calls us to do a job for him and we are too lazy to carry it out.

Defined: As smoke, by irritating the tender vessels, causes the eyes to smart, and prevents distinct vision; so a sluggish messenger is a continual vexation and loss to those by whom he is employed (see Isa 65:5).

Proverbs 10:27 "The fear of the LORD prolongeth days: but the years of the wicked shall be shortened."

As we studied previously in Proverbs:

Proverbs 1:7 "The fear of the Lord"

The fear of the Lord means submission to the Lord and His revelation. The fear of the Lord is a state of mind in which one's own attitudes, will, feeling, deeds, and goals are exchanged for God's.

When one is afraid of something, he either runs from it or submits to it. The latter idea is in view here. It is a healthy fear, like the fear of electricity or the fear of one's parents, which causes one to act in an appropriate manner. The beginning does not mean that "the fear of the Lord" is left behind in the course of acquiring wisdom, but that it is the controlling principle of wisdom.

The recurring promise of Proverbs is that generally the wise (the righteous who obey God), live longer (9:11), prosper (2:20-22), experience joy (3:13-18), and the goodness of God temporally (12:21), while fools suffer shame (3:35), and death (10:21).

Ecclesiastes 7:17 "Be not over much wicked, neither be thou foolish: why shouldest thou die before thy time?"

You see, good lives lived for God sometimes bring long life. One of the commandments is to honor father and mother, and that promises long life. It is pretty easy to see how someone who lives the evil life is certainly in danger of early death. They visit places where killing and cheating is going on (such as beer parlors and gambling places). Fear of God keeps us walking a holy path.

Proverbs 10:28 "The hope of the righteous [shall be] gladness: but the expectation of the wicked shall perish."

In 1 Thessalonians, we see the blessed hope of the believer which brings gladness, because we will live with Jesus; but the wicked have no hope of resurrection to eternal life.

In 1 Thessalonians we read of the rapture.

1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 "But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope." For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him." "For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive [and] remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep." "For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:" "Then we which are alive [and] remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord." "Wherefore comfort one another with these words."

Proverbs 10:29 "The way of the LORD [is] strength to the upright: but destruction [shall be] to the workers of iniquity."

The blessings of God are for those who walk in the way of the Lord. Jesus calls himself the Way. The Way of the Lord is the path of the Light on which each Christian can walk uprightly and not stumble and fall.

God's blessings are for those who obey him and walk in his commandments. The curses (destruction), are for those who work iniquity; who live after the flesh and not after the spirit.

Proverbs 10:30 "The righteous shall never be removed: but the wicked shall not inhabit the earth."

In the "Sermon on the Mount", Jesus said in Matthew:

Matthew 5:5 "Blessed are the meek for: they shall inherit the earth".

Those who are in right standing with God are to reign with Christ. The wicked not only cannot expect good things now but certainly have no future to look to. They are doomed to hell.

Psalms 37:9-11 "For evildoers shall be cut off: but those that wait upon the LORD, they shall inherit the earth." "For yet a little while, and the wicked [shall] not [be]: yea, thou shalt diligently consider his place, and it [shall] not [be]." "But the meek shall inherit the earth; and shall delight themselves in the abundance of peace."

Proverbs 10:31-32 "The mouth of the just bringeth forth wisdom: but the froward tongue shall be cut out." "The lips of the righteous know what is acceptable: but the mouth of the wicked [speaketh] frowardness."

We read in Romans 3 of the evil mouth, tongues and throat.

Romans 3:13-14 "Their throat [is] an open sepulcher; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps [is] under their lips:" "Whose mouth [is] full of cursing and bitterness:"

You see this is describing an evil mouth. This mouth is an opening where the issues of the heart come forth. This person has an evil heart. The message from the heart is in the mouth.

Romans 10:9-10 "That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved." "For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation."

Proverbs Chapter 10 Continued Questions

  1. How is a fool described in verse 18?
  2. What is a fool, really?
  3. What is better than speaking a multitude of words?
  4. The tongue of the just is as choice _________.
  5. The source of all that we are good or bad is where?
  6. What is meant by "the lips of the righteous feed many?
  7. What did Jesus tell us in Matthew 4:4 about food?
  8. Why was Abraham blessed of God?
  9. What three things was Abram rich in?
  10. A fool thinks mischief is what?
  11. Who is a fool?
  12. What does James 5:16 tell us about the prayers of the righteous?
  13. What do those who continually sin fear?
  14. In verse 25, the wicked are compared to what?
  15. What are the righteous compared to?
  16. Who is the cornerstone?
  17. What is a sluggard?
  18. What does verse 26 mean when it says "as vinegar to the teeth?
  19. What is indicated by "smoke to the eyes"?
  20. In verse 27, what prolongs years?
  21. Why would you expect the sinful man to die early?
  22. What blessed hope in 1 Thessalonians 4 do we see?
  23. What is 1 Thessalonians chapter 4:13-18 commonly called today?
  24. The blessings of God are for whom?
  25. Curses are for whom?
  26. In the "Sermon on the mount" what are the meek promised?
  27. Romans 3:13 tells us what about the evil mouth?
  28. What does Romans 10:9-10 teach us about the mouth?

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Proverbs 11

Proverbs Chapter 11

Proverbs 11:1 "A false balance [is] abomination to the LORD: but a just weight [is] his delight."

God wants us to be honest in all our dealings.

We read a request of God in Ezekiel:

Ezekiel 45:10 "Ye shall have just balances, and a just ephah, and a just bath."

It is not only against man's law to weigh merchandise for sale wrong, but it is against God's law as well. In fact, the Lord calls it an abomination (a very evil thing). God is delighted with us when we are honest with all our dealings which include weighing.

Proverbs 11:2 "[When] pride cometh, then cometh shame: but with the lowly [is] wisdom."

"Pride" comes from a root word meaning to boil or run over, indicating an overwhelmingly arrogant attitude or behavior.

In 1 Timothy, we read what happens when we are overcome with pride.

1 Timothy 3:6 "Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil."

It is very important not to be self-centered and caught up in pride. We are what God has allowed us to be. In 1 Timothy 3, the wickedness in the last days lists pride as one of their sins. We must stay humble to please God. The humble have a teachable spirit which is firstly directed to God. A wise person realizes that everything he or she is comes as a gift from God and not of self.

Proverbs 11:3 "The integrity of the upright shall guide them: but the perverseness of transgressors shall destroy them."

Here, integrity means innocence. The upright are innocent of any wrong doing, but we see that the perverseness (evil doings), of the transgressors (those who sin continuously), will destroy them. They actually destroy themselves.

Proverbs 11:4 "Riches profit not in the day of wrath: but righteousness delivereth from death."

"The Day of Wrath", is the day of final accounting to God, the divine Judge.

Luke 12:16-21 "And he spake a parable unto them, saying, The ground of a certain rich man brought forth plentifully:" "And he thought within himself, saying, What shall I do, because I have no room where to bestow my fruits?" "And he said, This will I do: I will pull down my barns, and build greater; and there will I bestow all my fruits and my goods." "And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, [and] be merry." "But God said unto him, [Thou] fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?" "So [is] he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God."

Or James 5:1-3 "Go to now, [ye] rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon [you]." "Your riches are corrupted, and your garments are motheaten." "Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. Ye have heaped treasure together for the last days."

You can easily see that all the riches in the world will not save you from the wrath of God. We must be washed in the blood of Jesus Christ our Lord, and then we will be in right standing with God. Jesus Christ brings us life, not death. The Christians will be saved from the wrath to come.

1 Thessalonians 5:9 "For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,"

Proverbs 11:5 "The righteousness of the perfect shall direct his way: but the wicked shall fall by his own wickedness."

We see here, that the man in right standing with God walks daily in salvation. Those who desire to please God walk uprightly before him in His blessed Light, which clearly lights his path. The wicked walk in the night, they are children of the night. They are blinded by sin and worldliness and are trapped by their own wickedness.

Proverbs 11:6 "The righteousness of the upright shall deliver them: but transgressors shall be taken in [their own] naughtiness."

1 Thessalonians 1:10 "And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, [even] Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come."

Remember, this is Jesus' righteousness that we have taken on, and not our own that saves us. Transgressors (breakers of God's law), who do not repent will not be saved but caught in their evil doings and be judged guilty of their sins.

Proverbs 11:7 "When a wicked man dieth, [his] expectation shall perish: and the hope of unjust [men] perisheth."

We see here, that to die in your wickedness leaves no hope at all. My own personal belief is: as long as there is breath in the body, man can repent and be saved. When he dies, not accepting Jesus as his Savior, there is no second chance. He has no future to look forward to, only one to regret. Hell is awaiting him.

Proverbs 11:8 "The righteous is delivered out of trouble, and the wicked cometh in his stead."

In this life, we all have tribulations and trials; but those in right standing with God will be delivered out of trouble. In Revelation we read about those redeemed from the wrath of God that are in white robes in heaven.

Revelation 7:14 "And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb."

You can see in this that the righteous were brought out of great tribulation. At this time on earth, the wrath of God is falling and the wicked are on earth where all the horrors are.

Proverbs 11:9 "A hypocrite with [his] mouth destroyeth his neighbor: but through knowledge shall the just be delivered."

We read about the lying tongued hypocrite in Jeremiah.

Jeremiah 9:4-5 "Take ye heed every one of his neighbor, and trust ye not in any brother: for every brother will utterly supplant, and every neighbor will walk with slanders." "And they will deceive every one his neighbor, and will not speak the truth: they have taught their tongue to speak lies, [and] weary themselves to commit iniquity."

We read in Romans of the justified (just as if we had never sinned).

Romans 8:1 "[There is] therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit."

Proverbs 11:10 "When it goeth well with the righteous, the city rejoiceth: and when the wicked perish, [there is] shouting."

We see here, not a particular city, but cities in general. Sometimes a statement about a city could be talking about a church, as well. I believe this might be saying, it is of mutual benefit to everyone associated when one of their members has good happenings. A righteous person is loved by his group. The wicked always cause trouble for others, and it is a relief to be rid of them.

Proverbs 11:11 "By the blessing of the upright the city is exalted: but it is overthrown by the mouth of the wicked."

The wonderful thing about the upright is that every thing they do builds and does not destroy. They pray for the city; they do only good and not evil. Anyone would be happy to have them as a member. The wicked always speak evil and tear down. Their mission is to destroy.

Social influence for good or bad is in view here (and in verse 10).

Proverbs 11:12 "He that is void of wisdom despiseth his neighbor: but a man of understanding holdeth his peace."

Jealousy, hate, and covetousness are all describing a person lacking in understanding. Those lacking in understanding are constantly comparing themselves with their neighbors. They want what does not belong to them. They destroy with their words.

A person, who understands however, is content in whatever state he or she is in. They know that God has everything under control and is giving them as much as He can trust them with so they are at peace with their neighbor and with themselves and with God.

In contrast to those who despises his neighbor, to be silent is to be wise.

Proverbs 11:13 "A talebearer revealeth secrets: but he that is of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter."

A talebearer creates strife. We must never reveal a confidence. Spreading tales can only do one thing, and it is not good. If it can't help someone, don't tell it.

This is more than mere unguarded speech. This is someone who is a peddler in scandal, who speaks words deliberately intended to do harm. A gossip.

Proverbs 11:14 "Where no counsel [is], the people fall: but in the multitude of counsellors [there is] safety."

An interesting thing about society is that the younger generation does not want to take instructions (counsel). A person who won't take counsel has to make all the mistakes for himself and is constantly falling. A person who is eager to listen and learn can be spared all this sorrow.

Good decisions are made with multiple wise advisers. The more crucial the decision, the more appropriate is corporate wisdom.

Proverbs 11:15 "He that is surety for a stranger shall smart [for it]: and he that hateth suretyship is sure."

We see here, that to sign on someone else's note that you do not know, is not very wise. You have nothing to gain and all to lose to go on the note of someone you don't know. Usually you wind up having to pay it yourself and sacrifice your own income to do it. The smart thing to do is don't go on the note in the first place.

Proverbs 11:16 "A gracious woman retaineth honor: and strong [men] retain riches."

This gracious woman, spoken of here, is probably one who loves people and is a very beautiful person. She would show honor to others and, in return, would be greatly honored herself.

God has made man, not as a home-maker as He did the woman, but to provide well for his family. I don't believe this means strength of body, but rather strength of character. God blesses the upright man and gives him wisdom not to squander what he has worked for. A man of great character retains what he earns.

Proverbs Chapter 11 Questions

1. What is a false balance in the sight of God?

2. A just weight is his ____________?

3. What does God say to man in Ezekiel 45:10?

4. What is an abomination?

5. In verse 2, we read with pride comes what?

6. The wickedness of what days are spoken of in 2 Timothy 3?

7. What shall guide the upright?

8. What does this word mean?

9. Righteousness delivers from __________.

10. In Chapter 5 of James, what do we learn about riches?

11. What puts us in right standing with God?

12. What will the Christians be saved from at the end?

13. In 1 Thessalonians, we read that the Christians are not appointed to________ but to obtain __________.

14. The author believes a person can be saved as long as what?

15. What kind of garment will the righteous wear in heaven?

16. A hypocrite destroys with what?

17. Who are the justified?

18. In chapter 8 of Romans, we learn that these walk not after the ________, but after the _________?

19. What type of person causes the city to rejoice?

20. In verse 12, we find that those void of wisdom do what?

21. Jealousy, hate, and covetousness describe whom?

22. Why should we be content with what we have?

23. In verse 13, we find that a ________ revealeth secrets.

24. In the multitude of counsels there is what?

25. What does "going surety" for someone mean?

26. A gracious woman does what?

27. Strong men retain what?

28. What strength of men is mentioned here.

Proverbs Chapter 11 Continued

Proverbs 11:17 "The merciful man doeth good to his own soul: but [he that is] cruel troubleth his own flesh."

A merciful person, who is always doing for others, feels good about himself. A cruel person has no good memories. A cruel person has only regrets.

Proverbs 11:18 "The wicked worketh a deceitful work: but to him that soweth righteousness [shall be] a sure reward."

We have been reading before about the deceitfulness of riches. If a person works only for self gain, he is deceived and is wicked. The righteous seek to do good. The righteous may not be rewarded here on this earth, but will reap rewards on harvest day.

The efforts of the wicked deceiver often do not yield the riches his deception seeks, but the righteous receive a reward from God.

Proverbs 11:19 "As righteousness [tendeth] to life: so he that pursueth evil [pursueth it] to his own death."

Righteousness not only tends to life, but actually makes life more enjoyable here on this earth and brings life for all of eternity, as well. Evil, on the other hand, keeps you in trouble on the earth and brings death and hell for all of eternity.

Proverbs 11:20 "They that are of a froward heart [are] abomination to the LORD: but [such as are] upright in [their] way [are] his delight."

The word translated "froward" here means crooked, distorted, and false. Our heart will give away what we really are. God judges our heart more than He does our actions. What was our intent, to do evil or good? We are what our heart is. God loves a person with a pure heart. He even expects our giving to be from our heart.

Proverbs 11:21: "[Though] hand [join] in hand, the wicked shall not be unpunished: but the seed of the righteous shall be delivered."

The combined power of the wicked cannot free them from just punishment, while the unaided children of the righteous find deliverance by reason of their pious relationship.

Psalm 37:25 "I have been young, and [now] am old; yet have I not seen the righteous forsaken, nor his seed begging bread."

Psalm 37:26 "[He is] ever merciful, and lendeth; and his seed [is] blessed."

Acts 16:31 "And they said, believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house."

Proverbs 11:22 "[As] a jewel of gold in a swine's snout, [so is] a fair woman which is without discretion."

A woman with physical beauty can become even more beautiful to you if she lives the Christian life; but if she is a harlot or lives an evil life, that beauty seems to go away as you get to know her and she becomes a swine in your sight. The important beauty comes from within.

In the Old Testament times, a nose ring was an ornament intended to beautify a woman. It was as out of place in a pig's nose as the lack of discretion was in a lovely lady.

Proverbs 11:23 "The desire of the righteous [is] only good: [but] the expectation of the wicked [is] wrath."

Every Christian you ever meet has a desire in their heart to do good. They are seeking good and not evil. An evil person is continually negative. They know the wrath is coming and they expect it.

The words "Desire and Expectation" are terms referring to outcomes from God's perspective.

Proverbs 11:24 "There is that scattereth, and yet increaseth; and [there is] that withholdeth more than is meet, but [it tendeth] to poverty."

This is just saying, give and it will be given to you. I have a saying, "You can't out give God". If we are greedy and never give to others, we will find ourselves in poverty. There is a law that God gives to those who give to others. To get, you must give.

The principle here is that generosity, by God's blessing, secures increase, while stinginess leads to poverty instead of expected gain. The one who gives receives far more in return.

Proverbs 11:25 "The liberal soul shall be made fat: and he that watereth shall be watered also himself."

This is the very same thing (as verse 24), just stated differently.

Proverbs 11:26 "He that withholdeth corn, the people shall curse him: but blessing [shall be] upon the head of him that selleth [it]."

To have foodstuff that a neighbor needs and that you don't need for your own household, and not be willing to sell him some would be terrible. Not only would your neighbor curse you for that, but God will be displeased, as well. If you can help someone else, even by selling them something, God will see and bless you for it.

Proverbs 11:27 "He that diligently seeketh good procureth favor: but he that seeketh mischief, it shall come unto him."

A person who is trying to do good is also seeking to do good for others as well, and is pleasing to God in the doing. The penalty of an evil life is that it comes back to you. Evil begats evil.

Proverbs 11:28 "He that trusteth in his riches shall fall: but the righteous shall flourish as a branch."

We read in 1 Timothy, that we must not trust in uncertain riches.

1 Timothy 6:17-19 "Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy;" "That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate;" "Laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may lay hold on eternal life."

You see riches cannot get you to heaven. We must do good and not evil with what God has entrusted to us.

Those who have much tend to trust in their wealth. But God provides far more security than any earthly investment can ever give.

Proverbs 11:29 "He that troubleth his own house shall inherit the wind: and the fool [shall be] servant to the wise of heart."

We see from this Scripture above that a man who causes trouble in his own house will not be able to build, but will be destroyed.

The one who mismanages his house will see all he has blown away, and he will have nothing left in the end. He will serve the one who manages well.

Proverbs 11:30 "The fruit of the righteous [is] a tree of life; and he that winneth souls [is] wise."

"Tree of Life" as we studied (in Proverbs 3:18), is an expression or metaphor referring to temporal and spiritual renewal and refreshment.

The righteous are fruit bearers. You can tell what kind of Christian they are by the fruit they bear. Not only in their children of their flesh, but those they have led to the Lord, as well. Righteous trees produce righteous fruit. We have mentioned it before in these lessons, but the righteous are wise unto salvation.

"Winneth Souls" means in the sense of doing them good or influencing them with wisdom's ways.

Proverbs 11:31 "Behold, the righteous shall be recompensed in the earth: much more the wicked and the sinner."

The bottom line here is God's final blessing and reward to the "righteous", and His judgment and punishment of the "ungodly and sinners" come after life on the earth has ended. But there are foretastes of both during life on the earth, as the righteous experience God's personal care and goodness, while the wicked are void of it.

Good morals bring good results, and bad morals bring bad results. Today, as never before, in our society we see people who have lived immoral lives feeling the brunt of punishment for their evil actions here on this earth in the disease aids.

There is an eternal punishment for the unrepentant sinner as well. We shall reap what we sow. God is a just God.

Some things we bring upon ourselves, because of our behavior. Those who live Christian lives, uprightly before God, will be watched over by Him. Some diseases come to all, but worldly diseases that are caused by our own behavior are reserved for the evil children. A few people get aids without being evil, in that instance it would not be a worldly disease. A worldly disease I say one or more times, is one that we bring on ourselves by the sins in our life.

We see Godly living leads to good health.

Proverbs Chapter 11 Continued Questions

  1. Whose soul do the merciful help?
  2. If you are always doing good for others, what does it make you think of yourself?
  3. To him that soweth righteous shall be _______ _________.
  4. If a person works only for himself, his is _______.
  5. He that pursueth evil pursueth it to his own _____________.
  6. A person who is upright in God's sight are His________.
  7. In verse 20 "Froward" means three things, what are they?
  8. What does God judge more than our actions?
  9. We are what our _______ is.
  10. What does "hand in hand" in verse 21 probably mean?
  11. Who are the seed of the righteous?
  12. What chapter and verse in Acts tells us "thou shalt be saved and thy house".
  13. What is a "fair woman without discretion" like?
  14. Where does the beauty that counts, come from?
  15. The desire of the righteous is only good, but the expectation of the wicked is________.
  16. In verse 24, what does it mean about scattering and yet increasing?
  17. What will happen to the person who waters?
  18. How do the people feel about someone who withholds their corn?
  19. A person who seeks mischief can expect what?
  20. What happens to those who trust in their riches?
  21. In I Timothy 6:17 we are told not to be _______ ______ or trust in __________ ________.
  22. What are we to trust in?
  23. What should a wealthy person be ready to do?
  24. He that troubleth his own house shall inherit the_______.
  25. Who shall the fool be servant to?
  26. The fruit of the righteous is a tree of _________.
  27. You can tell what kind of a Christian a person is by what?
  28. We know the righteous will go to heaven, but what will happen to them on the earth?
  29. What are 2 diseases in our society today that are many times brought on by our own sin?
  30. Godly living leads to what?

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Proverbs 12

Proverbs Chapter 12

Proverbs 12:1 "Whoso loveth instruction loveth knowledge: but he that hateth reproof [is] brutish."

A person who loves instruction grows into a very intelligent being. I believe part of the instruction meant here is instruction in right living. We are eager to learn God's ways and we quickly see sins in our life and repent. The greatest knowledge that we can have is to know God and his Word.

"Brutish" or "Stupid" means acting like a beast that does not accumulate knowledge. If we are not eager to learn of God, we are like a beast without a conscience. Or to put it another way, he is as stupid as the brute cattle.

Proverbs 12:2 "A good [man] obtaineth favor of the LORD: but a man of wicked devices will he condemn."

A good man is seeking to please God instead of himself. The Lord is pleased with this. A wicked man is always trying to figure out ways to do evil. God will not approve of evil in any fashion. God condemns evil every time.

Proverbs 12:3 "A man shall not be established by wickedness: but the root of the righteous shall not be moved."

When you see a righteous man, it is like looking at a giant oak tree with deep, deep roots. We will not be easily moved even though the winds of false doctrine are strong.

The familiar image is of the righteous being firm like a flourishing tree.

Even in the parable of the sowing of the seed in the 8th chapter of Luke, Jesus tells us the seed that fell on good ground had good roots and brought forth much fruit.

Read in Luke 8:5-18. You know the wicked man doesn't even bother to see the seed at all.

Proverbs 12:4 "A virtuous woman [is] a crown to her husband: but she that maketh ashamed [is] as rottenness in his bones."

We see here, how important it is for a woman to be upright. Not only for her own good and welfare but so her family will not be ashamed of her. Her husband can be very proud of her, because she will not make him ashamed of her. It would crown him for her to be totally faithful to him.

This is speaking of a suffering that is like a painful and incurable condition.

When we get in (chapter 31), we will read extensively about the kind of woman she will be. In the spirit teaching on this verse, Jesus is coming back for a chaste virgin (the true believers) to be His bride. Nothing is worse than an unfaithful wife. She brings torment and shame to her husband, her family, and herself.

Proverbs 12:5 "The thoughts of the righteous [are] right: [but] the counsels of the wicked [are] deceit."

A righteous person thinks of things that are correct. His ways are the ways of God. His thoughts are truthful and fair.

The wicked are deceivers, trying to convince others that lies are truth. Not only are they deceiving others, but the people who council them are deceivers, as well. They believe a lie and try to convince others to believe lies.

Proverbs 12:6 "The words of the wicked [are] to lie in wait for blood: but the mouth of the upright shall deliver them."

Wicked people lie in wait to destroy someone else for selfish gain. False accusations many times cause a person to kill someone who is totally innocent.

This is similar to chapter 1:11-12 where 11b states: "Let us lie in wait for blood". The wicked devise plots of deception in which the innocent are captured and victimized like one who is taken by death itself.

The upright speak words of life not death.

Proverbs 12:7 "The wicked are overthrown, and [are] not: but the house of the righteous shall stand."

Tribulation comes to all; but the wicked cannot stand up to trials, because they have no source of strength (Jesus), to rely upon.

A righteous person will stand firm in adversity knowing that God will see him through. The rewards of wise living are not only to individuals, but extend to one's household or family.

Proverbs 12:8 "A man shall be commended according to his wisdom: but he that is of a perverse heart shall be despised."

If you know not to sin and go ahead and sin anyway, you are guiltier than someone who sins not knowing that it is sin.

There has been much said in our society today about perversion. Perversion of any kind is terrible, but when it becomes a way of life with you, it is perversion of the heart. He that truly has a perverted heart will be despised. Perversion has to do with unnatural sex or an extreme extent of sin.

Proverbs 12:9 "[He that is] despised, and hath a servant, [is] better than he that honoreth himself, and lacketh bread."

This Scripture above when it is saying despised is really saying "lightly esteemed". An obscure person of lowly rank, who can at least afford to hire a servant because of his honest gain.

The second person is someone who has nothing to be proud of, and yet is bragging about himself all the time. He is so down trodden that he can't even feed himself and yet he is a braggart. He constantly tells everyone how wonderful he is. At least the first man was not dependent on someone else to provide for his food. He is considered better than the one who falsely boasts about his prominence but is really poor.

Proverbs 12:10 "A righteous [man] regardeth the life of his beast: but the tender mercies of the wicked [are] cruel."

A righteous man has concern for the condition of his beast.

But show me a man who is cruel to animals, and I will show you a wicked man to others.

God showed mercy to animals when He told the man to rest his animals on the Sabbath, as well as resting himself. Man rules over the animals, and God made the animals to serve man; but an animal you feed well and care for, will work better for you.

People who love God love people as well; and are kind to animals that are dependent on them. A wicked person does not love God, or man, and is cruel to animals that cannot help themselves.

Proverbs 12:11 "He that tilleth his land shall be satisfied with bread: but he that followeth vain [persons is] void of understanding."

Someone who works his fields with his hands shall not go hungry.

But someone who does not want to work and is always looking for short cuts to take, is he that expends energy in worthless pursuits and fantasies which is as useless as outright laziness.

Proverbs 12:12 "The wicked desireth the net of evil [men]: but the root of the righteous yieldeth [fruit]."

The wicked desires the booty is referring to the desire for spoils gained by the schemes of the wicked, contrasted with a simple life of obedience that produces blessings.

We see in this Scripture above, the righteous produce fruit pleasing unto God. A workman who needeth not to be ashamed is a righteous person.

Proverbs 12:13 "The wicked is snared by the transgression of [his] lips: but the just shall come out of trouble."

Transgression of the lips would be lies. When you tell a lie, it usually calls for another lie to cover up the first; and pretty soon, the liar is trapped because they cannot remember all the lies and keep them straight.

The just person tells the truth. There is no problem for this person to remember. They just tell the facts and the truth wins out every time. The just have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the Righteous.

Proverbs 12:14 "A man shall be satisfied with good by the fruit of [his] mouth: and the recompence of a man's hands shall be rendered unto him."

We see here, that speaking can produce fruit. A minister who tells others about Jesus can produce much fruit for God with words that come from the minister's mouth.

1 Corinthians 1:21: "For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe."

The "fruit of his mouth" deals with the power of words; the reward of wise words is like the reward for physical labor.

You see, preaching produces fruit for the kingdom. In the last part of this, we see recompence (rewards), comes from men working with their own hands.

Proverbs Chapter 12 Questions

  1. Whoso loveth instruction loveth ____________.
  2. He that hateth reproof is __________.
  3. What kind of instruction is probably meant in verse 1?
  4. What is the greatest knowledge we can have?
  5. What does "Brutish" Mean?
  6. A good man obtains favor of the Lord, but a man of wicked devises ________ _________ _______.
  7. What cannot establish a man?
  8. What is meant by the root of the righteous?
  9. What parable in the New Testament has to do with this root of righteousness?
  10. What is a virtuous woman to her husband in verse 4?
  11. What is a shameful woman to her husband?
  12. The counsel of the wicked are __________.
  13. False accusations sometimes cause what?
  14. The words of the upright bring _______, not ______.
  15. Who does tribulation come to?
  16. Why can a righteous man withstand problems better?
  17. A man shall be condemned according to what?
  18. What does a perverse heart mean?
  19. What is perversion?
  20. Who is better than someone who honors himself?
  21. How will a righteous person treat animals?
  22. The author says: show me a man who is ___________ to animals and I will show you an evil man.
  23. Who shall be satisfied with bread?
  24. A workman who needeth not to be ashamed is a _________.
  25. What is meant by "the wicked desireth the net of evil men"?
  26. What is transgression of the lips?
  27. Who has an advocate with the Father?
  28. What is meant by the fruit of his mouth?
  29. What does 1 Corinthians 1:21 have to say about preaching?
  30. What does recompence mean?

Proverbs Chapter 12 Continued

Proverbs 12:15 "The way of a fool [is] right in his own eyes: but he that hearkeneth unto counsel [is] wise."

We discussed before that a fool is lacking in understanding.

2 Timothy 3:2 "For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy,"

This is describing self-centered people who will not listen to good counsel, but think the world revolves around them. We are told (in 2 Timothy), that this will be the condition of the people of the world in the end times. Lucifer had this attitude in heaven and God threw him out.

Secular humanism and many modern teachings of even some of the churches are teaching that man can become God. To think too highly of ourselves makes us a fool. We must heed the counsel of God to be wise. His counsel is the Bible. Wise counsels teach the Bible ways.

Proverbs 12:16 "A fool's wrath is presently known: but a prudent [man] covereth shame."

This is commonly known as "loosing your temper". Someone lacking in understanding (fool), gets mad before he even knows what the problem is. We are warned in the Bible not to get angry without a cause and to not let the sun go down on our anger. A prudent man, or perhaps a careful man, thinks it out before he goes off head strong.

The prudent man conceals disorder and is a model of self-control. He can ignore an insult.

Proverbs 12:17 "[He that] speaketh truth showeth forth righteousness: but a false witness deceit."

He That speaketh truth has truth in his heart. Jesus is the Truth. Someone in right standing (righteous), always speaks truth because it is in his heart. In a court, a truthful man promotes justice.

Luke 6:45 "A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh."

You see, the truth is righteous and deceit is evil.

Proverbs 12:18 "There is that speaketh like the piercings of a sword: but the tongue of the wise [is] health."

We see here, people hurt by piercings words. More people are hurt by their so-called friends and family saying cutting things than by actual wounds inflicted. Their words cut your heart like a sword being pushed through you.

The contrast here is between cutting words that are spoken "rashly" and thoughtful words that bring health.

The tongue is like a weapon. It can destroy or build up.

I personally believe the tongue is the evilest part of the body until it is totally turned over to God, and then it can be like a healing balm. A wise person can use the tongue to build up a person.

Proverbs 12:19-20 "The lip of truth shall be established for ever: but a lying tongue [is] but for a moment." "Deceit [is] in the heart of them that imagine evil: but to the counselors of peace [is] joy."

Lies are soon found out and do not last. A runaway imagination is a very dangerous thing. Imagination is not truth but just like deceit it is a lie. Joy and peace go hand in hand. Peace makers bring joy to themselves and everyone around them.

The contrasting parallel is implied, not stated. Those who plan evil by deceit have no joy because of the risks and dangers in their plan, but the righteous who lead by peace fear nothing and thus have joy.

Proverbs 12:21 "There shall no evil happen to the just: but the wicked shall be filled with mischief."

We see the mischief here as the evil that happens to the wicked as a result of their sin. The just person is not subject to the actions of the devil. The devil would have to get the Lord's permission (for some momentary trial), to afflict a Christian. We are not the devil's property, we are the Lord's.

Everything that happens to a Christian has a purpose. The Lord sometimes allows a tribulation to come to make us stronger, but the devil cannot bring trouble on us without the Lord's permission, if we are Christians. Job is a very good example of this.

Proverbs 12:22 "Lying lips [are] abomination to the LORD: but they that deal truly [are] his delight."

We see that lying is a terrible sin in the sight of God. In the second part of this statement, we see the truth is greatly loved by God. Not only is it important to speak truth, but also it is important to deal truthfully. It is not enough just to speak Christianity, but we must live it every day.

Proverbs 12:23 "A prudent man concealeth knowledge: but the heart of fools proclaimeth foolishness."

An intelligent, cautious man waits for the correct moment to reveal what he knows about a particular thing. He doesn't just tell everyone what he knows. It always has been interesting to me how people love to talk about things they know nothing about. I believe that is what the fool is doing here. His lack of knowledge is not keeping him from talking, and he is talking of things he knows not of.

Proverbs 12:24 "The hand of the diligent shall bear rule: but the slothful shall be under tribute."

We see here again, that hard work will get you promoted and you will rule over those who are too lazy to work. Tribute is a little like taxes. We see again, that hard work pays off.

Unlike the hardworking people who have charge over their work, the lazy are eventually forced to go to work for the diligent to survive.

Proverbs 12:25 "Heaviness in the heart of man maketh it stoop: but a good word maketh it glad."

When a person is worried, they do have a tendency to hang their head low.

In Matthew 26:37, we see that even Jesus was troubled facing the death on the cross." And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and very heavy."

When we are extremely sad or worried, we are said to have a heavy heart. We are also warned about too much worry.

We are told to take no thought for what we are to say, that God will fill our ears and mouth with what we are to say. We are also taught that we should live one day at a time and not worry about tomorrow. Someone who says nice things to others makes them have a glad heart.

Proverbs 12:26 "The righteous [is] more excellent than his neighbor: but the way of the wicked seduceth them."

A Christian is not only valuable to God, but is valuable to his community as well. He is a good citizen who obeys the laws of the land. This verse could be understood as saying that the righteous "guides" his friends carefully, unlike the wicked who leads his companions astray.

His brothers call him blessed, because he loves them as he loves himself; and he helps them every day he can. He even witnesses to his neighbors about the Lord and helps them to be Christians too.

The wicked are not so. The wicked are constantly getting into all kinds of trouble. They want what the neighbors have. They also cause the neighbors great problems. They are not satisfied with going bad themselves, but try to lead others into sin as well.

You can easily see the difference in these two very different ways of life. The Christian's way brings peace and joy, and the wicked's way brings hate and destruction.

Proverbs 12:27 "The slothful [man] roasteth not that which he took in hunting: but the substance of a diligent man [is] precious."

The slothful man lacks commitment to make something of his opportunities (verses 11, 25).

The lazy person does not finish his or her tasks and thus forfeits opportunities for something better. The one who has mastered "Diligence" however, has a "precious" tool at his or her disposal: perseverance.

Proverbs 12:28 "In the way of righteousness [is] life; and [in] the pathway [thereof there is] no death."

Being in right standing with God (having righteousness), does bring a fuller life here and brings life eternal with Jesus. The second death has no power on this person.

Chapter 22 of Revelation gives us a beautiful picture of what it will be like where this type of person spends all of eternity.

Revelation 22:1-3 "And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb." "In the midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, [was there] the tree of life, which bare twelve [manner of] fruits, [and] yielded her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree [were] for the healing of the nations." "And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him:"

Go ahead and read the rest of chapter 22, it is beautiful. No one would want to miss this glorious life in heaven with Jesus Christ our Lord.

Proverbs Chapter 12 Continued Questions

  1. Does a fool feel that his ways are wrong?
  2. Who is wise in verse 15?
  3. In the end times, who do worldly men love?
  4. Who was thrown out of heaven because he was self-centered?
  5. What is God's counsel to us?
  6. What is a fool's wrath commonly called?
  7. What are 2 warnings in the Bible about anger?
  8. What is a dangerous teaching in many churches?
  9. He that speaketh truth showeth what?
  10. A false witness shows what?
  11. In Luke 6:45, a good man brings good from where?
  12. What is speaking bad things compared to in verse 18?
  13. What does the author believe is the evilest part of the body?
  14. Kind words bring what in verse 18?
  15. The lip of truth shall be established forever but a lying tongue is but for a ____________.
  16. People who imagine evil have what in their hearts?
  17. In verse 21, we see the wicked are filled with what?
  18. Who does the devil have to get permission from to attack a Christian?
  19. What man is a good example of that in the Bible?
  20. How does God feel about lying lips?
  21. Who is God delighted in?
  22. Fools proclaiming foolishness are like what?
  23. In verse 24, we see that who rules?
  24. What shall the slothful be?
  25. What in the heart of man makes him stoop?
  26. When we are extremely sad or worried, we are said to have what?
  27. Who is a Christian valuable to besides God?
  28. The Christian's way brings peace, but the wicked's way brings what?
  29. What lesson about hunting has the author's husband taught their sons that is also taught in verse 27 here?
  30. In the way of righteousness is _________.
  31. What chapter in Revelation gives a beautiful view of heaven?

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Proverbs 13

Proverbs Chapter 13

Proverbs 13:1 "A wise son [heareth] his father's instruction: but a scorner heareth not rebuke."

A wise son will take advantage of the knowledge his own father has already accumulated and will accept instruction from his father. A boy's father cares what happens to his son. He wants only the best for him. In fact, he wants his son to have a better life than he has had himself. If a son could learn this and take instruction from the father, he would be very wise indeed.

In the Old Testament, a rebellious son was to be taken to the edge of the city and stoned to death. This was a drastic measure, but I believe we are to see in that lesson that a person who will not be instructed is headed for destruction. Loving parents rebuke their children when they are in error. If the child does not learn from the rebuke, they are headed for serious trouble. The rod of correction can drive rebellion far from a child.

Proverbs 13:2 "A man shall eat good by the fruit of [his] mouth: but the soul of the transgressors [shall eat] violence."

We see here, once more, a contrast between the people who live good wholesome lives and those who live worldly lives. In the "eat good by the fruit of his mouth", we see the words of a person can tell a whole lot about who and what they are.

In this and the next verse the parallels are implied. A man of good words prospers, but a man of evil words provokes violence against himself.

Proverbs 13:3 "He that keepeth his mouth keepeth his life: [but] he that openeth wide his lips shall have destruction."

Many times, the best thing to do is to just not say anything. It is much better to not say anything than it is to say something hurtful and then regret it forever. The tongue can be a deadly weapon.

Proverbs 13:4 "The soul of the sluggard desireth, and [hath] nothing: but the soul of the diligent shall be made fat."

The sluggard (lazy person) has plenty of time to sit around and wish for things that he or she is too lazy to work for and get. The diligent (worker who does not quit), will have the desires of his heart, because he will do enough work to acquire his needs.

Proverbs 13:5-6 "A righteous [man] hateth lying: but a wicked [man] is loathsome, and cometh to shame." "Righteousness keepeth [him that is] upright in the way: but wickedness overthroweth the sinner."

This "righteous man" (in right standing with God), is against all evil actions. Lying, cheating, stealing, and dealing falsely are all well associated. Usually if a person does one of these, he does all of these. People who are living for God despise all of these.

This loathsome person brings shame on himself and all who associate with him. These two verses are very similar in meaning. In verse 6, we see again that those who want to please God, and walk uprightly before Him. Wickedness brings no honor, just problems. If a person continues in wickedness, he will wind up in jail; or worse, out of touch with God.

Proverbs 13:7 "There is that maketh himself rich, yet [hath] nothing: [there is] that maketh himself poor, yet [hath] great riches."

We see here someone who appears to be rich but is, in fact, poor and someone appearing to be poor who is rich. There are two ways to look at this. The first instance would be a man who really doesn't have anything putting up a front and pretending to be rich. He might be trying to impress someone for selfish gain. We all know people like that.

Another way to look at this is someone who really has great wealth in this world but is greedy and never does any good for anyone. We could call him very poor, because he has not stored up anything in heaven. The second man could be someone who is always pretending to have nothing and all the time he is very rich. We commonly call him someone who "poor mouths".

From the spiritual point, we see here a man who is constantly giving what he has to those less fortunate and actually gives all that he has away. This man has stored great wealth in heaven.

Proverbs 13:8 "The ransom of a man's life [are] his riches: but the poor heareth not rebuke."

I see in this Scripture that sometimes those who have worked hard and accumulated a little of this world's wealth are hated by jealous people. The poor are never spoken evil of because there is nothing to be jealous of.

We could also see in this that riches can sometimes purchase a lawyer to help or can redeem us from some problem. Riches, if they are used in a godly way, can be a blessing to you and those around you. Sometimes a poor man would like to help, but doesn't have the money.

Proverbs 13:9 "The light of the righteous rejoiceth: but the lamp of the wicked shall be put out."

Here, I see that those living upright lives love the light. They are not ashamed of the life they live. They rejoice in the Lord. The wicked are ashamed and need the cover of darkness to hide in.

This image of life, prosperity and joy is contrasted with adversity and then death.

Proverbs 13:10 "Only by pride cometh contention: but with the well advised [is] wisdom."

The proud spurn the advice given from others while the wise accept it.

"Contention" here means strife. Being too proud can cause us to take offense at what someone says when they really didn't mean any harm. Pride is not pleasing to God when it hurts someone else. People with pride are not teachable. On the other hand, we see that the wise are eager to learn and become wiser for it.

Proverbs 13:11 "Wealth [gotten] by vanity shall be diminished: but he that gathereth by labor shall increase."

We see here, someone who quickly gains wealth by being crooked will not be able to keep his wealth, because God will not bless him in this. A modern saying of this is "easy come, easy go". We see this so much in our society today with the drug peddlers. They may make a lot of money, but it is very seldom you see one of them who is able to keep it.

The best wealth is that which you work for and save a little here and a little there. You appreciate it and will be able to keep some of it, if you work for it and are generous to give to those in need. God will bless you and prosper you even more.

Proverbs 13:12 "Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but [when] the desire cometh, [it is] a tree of life."

We see here, a person looking forward to something happening and it seems to be longer and longer in coming. This will cause you to be heart sick, because you feel it will never happen. Many of us have had this experience praying for people. We pray and pray and nothing happens. It seems our prayers have been futile. When the person does come to the Lord, we rejoice greatly.

When the desire of heart (whatever it is) comes about, it seems as though it gives us a brand new life.

Proverbs 13:13 "Whoso despiseth the word shall be destroyed: but he that feareth the commandment shall be rewarded."

The Word of God teaches us the way to have eternal life. Without the Word, there is only death facing us. Jesus is the Word of God. "Word ... Commandment", are terms referring to divine revelation.

John 1:1-4 "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God," "The same was in the beginning with God." "All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made." "In him was life; and the life was the light of men."

Really, to read about the Word bringing life, read all of John 1. There is no question that God speaks to us in His Word. There is no question that there is Life in His Word. There is no question that without the Word leading and guiding our lives, there lies ahead only death.

Proverbs Chapter 13 Questions

1. A scorner heareth not ___________.

2. What kind of life does a father want for his son?

3. In the Old Testament, a rebellious son was ____________.

4. What can drive rebellion from a child?

5. What is meant by the fruit of his mouth?

6. What is meant by "transgressors shall eat violence"?

7. In verse 3, we are told that a person who opens his lips wide shall see what?

8. What part of the body can be a deadly weapon?

9. What is a sluggard?

10. What can the diligent worker expect of life?

11. A righteous man hates what?

12. What overthroweth the sinner?

13. What other sins generally accompany lying?

14. This loathsome person brings shame to whom?

15. What is worse than being in jail?

16. In verse 7, who is the truly rich?

17. The ransom of a man's life is what?

18. Why are the poor not rebuked?

19. What will happen to the lamp of the wicked?

20. Why do the righteous love the light?

21. What brings contention?

22. What does "contention" mean in verse 10?

23. What will happen to wealth gotten through vanity?

24. What two things are necessary for God to be pleased with your wealth?

25. What does hope deferred do to you?

26. When you receive the desire of your heart, what is it like to you?

27. What is a "hope deferred" that most Christians have experienced?

28. What happens to those who despise the Word?

29. Who will be rewarded in verse 13?

30. Who is the Word?

31. What does the Word bring us?

Proverbs Chapter 13 Continued

Proverbs 13:14 "The law of the wise [is] a fountain of life, to depart from the snares of death."

"The fountain of life": The Lord is the source of this fountain, which then springs up in the wise man as wise speech and wise laws, the fear of the Lord and understanding.

We see that God's rules, that wise men live by, bring everlasting life. If we listen to God's instructions, not only are we promised life eternal, but it helps us live this life successfully, as well. Godly living keeps us away from drugs and excessive alcohol which destroys so many lives today.

Proverbs 13:15 "Good understanding giveth favor: but the way of transgressors [is] hard."

Good understanding gives us favor with God and man. We are told that God will cause even our enemies to live at peace with us if we live pleasing to God (we read this in Proverbs 16:7).

Proverbs 13:16 "Every prudent [man] dealeth with knowledge: but a fool layeth open [his] folly."

This prudent man is speaking of a man who carefully considers a thing and makes his decision after having all the facts at hand. A man like this will not make many mistakes.

The fool jumps in without considering the facts. He talks so much he exposes his position, and we see him making one mistake after the other. This vivid language shows that a fool displays folly like a peddler openly spreads out his wares for others to see.

Proverbs 13:17 "A wicked messenger falleth into mischief: but a faithful ambassador [is] health."

We see in this someone who is called to do a job, and instead of delivering the message sent, carries a false message. He is headed for problems whether he is working for God or man.

An ambassador is someone who represents someone else. A faithful ambassador is one who gives the exact message you would give yourself if you were there. This type of person does you good.

Proverbs 13:18 "Poverty and shame [shall be to] him that refuseth instruction: but he that regardeth reproof shall be honored."

Those who will not take instruction will have to pay for their own mistakes and will wind up poor and ashamed at their failures.

He that learns from others will be successful and that success will bring honor.

Proverbs 13:19 "The desire accomplished is sweet to the soul: but [it is] abomination to fools to depart from evil."

When a person strives morally and legally to fulfill his desires, in the end that accomplishment is very sweet to him.

The fool doesn't strive legally or morally. He enjoys the sinful life and has no desire to change. They do not care that what they are doing is sin. They are living to please the flesh. Living for worldly pleasure is the desire of fools. His relentless pursuit of evil and hatred of good does not ever let him taste the sweet blessings of obedience.

Proverbs 13:20 "He that walketh with wise [men] shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed."

This is speaking of the power of association which helps to shape character.

We have a tendency to become like the people we associate with. If the people you are with are arrested for a crime, you will be arrested, as well. You will be called an accomplice to the crime because you are with the criminal.

We see someone who is a companion of someone successful and that person will try hard too. I have noticed that we try harder to do just as well as the person we are with. Competition creates success.

Proverbs 13:21 "Evil pursueth sinners: but to the righteous good shall be repaid."

An evil person is constantly looking over his shoulder. He has a guilty conscience. He is constantly expecting punishment for the evil he has committed. There is no peace, only torment.

The righteous are in direct contrast to this. They have a clear conscience, knowing they have done their best. The Bible teaches "give and it shall be given unto you". This is not just money, but good deeds as well. If you are helping others every chance you get, you will always have help when you need it. You cannot out give God.

This is a basic principle throughout Proverbs and is illustrated throughout the Old Testament which establishes that righteousness brings divine blessing and evil brings divine cursing.

Your reward waiting in heaven is great, but there are rewards here, as well. Jesus said, "In as much as ye have done it to unto the least of these, you have done it unto Me, also". Your good deeds are recorded in heaven.

Proverbs 13:22 "A good [man] leaveth an inheritance to his children's children: and the wealth of the sinner [is] laid up for the just."

The children of Israel receiving the land of Canaan from those who would not follow God's ways are a really good example of the last half (of verse 22). For every blessing God promises to the just, there is a curse to those who will not follow God's ways. A good man is not an alcoholic, he does not practice incest, he is not a liar and he is not a thief.

His eyes are stayed upon God. He walks straight forward, headed for heaven. He is honest and works hard for what he gets. He is a good steward of what God has entrusted to him; and instead of wasting what he makes on worldly things, he saves so that he can help his grandchildren get a start.

The greatest heritage a grandparent can leave is to live uprightly and teach the grandchild to live uprightly. A Christian heritage is the greatest gift we can give our grandchildren. God looks kindly on the children and grandchildren of the Christians.

While good men's estates remain with their families, the wealth of the wicked does not. In the providence of God, it will ultimately belong to the righteous.

Proverbs 13:23 "Much food [is in] the tillage of the poor: but there is [that is] destroyed for want of judgment."

"Tillage" here means freshly ploughed ground. It appears here that a poor man can find the food that he needs by plowing new ground as he is rewarded from the provision from his efforts.

We see that lack of judgment causes destruction. This is referring to those whose efforts are brought to ruin by their deeds of injustice.

Proverbs 13:24 "He that spareth his rod hateth his son: but he that loveth him chasteneth him betimes."

We see in this Scripture that if we want our children to be successful in life, we must train them well when they are very young. Early childhood teaching requires both parental discipline, including corporal punishment and balanced kindness and love.

If a parent intends to help their child, they must correct them when they are wrong. The best way for the lesson to be remembered is for the correction to be made accompanied with a spanking. If we love our children, we will spank them when they are wrong. One who has genuine affection for his child, but withholds corporal punishment, will produce the same kind of child as a parent who hates his offspring.

We learn that God corrects His children that He loves, as well.

Hebrews 12:6-8 "For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth." "If ye endure chastening, God dealeth with you as with sons; for what son is he whom the father chasteneth not?" "But if ye be without chastisement, whereof all are partakers, then are ye bastards, and not sons."

You see, if God loves you, He will correct you when you are wrong.

Proverbs 13:25 "The righteous eateth to the satisfying of his soul: but the belly of the wicked shall want."

In Psalms 37:25 "I have been young, and [now] am old; yet have I not seen the righteous forsaken, nor his seed begging bread." There seems to be special provision made for the righteous by God.

In Luke, we see this in Jesus' own words,

Luke 12-31 "But rather seek ye the kingdom of God; and all these things shall be added unto you."

God will bless those who follow Him. They will not hunger or thirst. There is no such provision made for the wicked. There is a curse that goes with wickedness. In the end, the wicked shall be in want.

Proverbs Chapter 13 Continued Questions

  1. In verse 14, what is a fountain of life?
  2. What keeps the Christian away from drugs and alcohol?
  3. In Proverbs 16:7, we are told that who will live at peace with us if we live godly?
  4. In verse 16, what is the prudent man speaking of?
  5. What is this foolish man doing?
  6. Who is a wicked messenger?
  7. Who is a faithful ambassador?
  8. If a person refuses instruction, what two things can he expect?
  9. Someone who accepts instruction and learns from others shall be successful. What does success bring?
  10. What two words describe how a Christian will strive?
  11. A fool who has no desire to turn from sin is living for what?
  12. Who should you walk with if you want to be wise?
  13. Who are arrested as an accomplice to crime?
  14. Why is the evil person constantly looking over his shoulder?
  15. What did Jesus say about doing for others?
  16. Who does a good man leave an inheritance to?
  17. What will eventually happen to the wealth of the sinner?
  18. What is the greatest heritage we can leave our children and grandchildren?
  19. What does the word "tillage" mean in verse 23?
  20. Who in verse 24 hates his son?
  21. What is the best way for a child to remember a correction?
  22. What will the Lord do to those He loves?
  23. In Psalms 37:25, what do we see about the righteous?
  24. What are we to seek first?
  25. What is the final fate of the wicked?

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Proverbs 14

Proverbs Chapter 14

Proverbs 14:1 "Every wise woman buildeth her house: but the foolish plucketh it down with her hands."

We can see in this the husband builds the house and the wife makes it a home.

Dad is the head of the family, but mother is the heart that glues it together. I believe a family's morals are directed by the mother. The mother spends a great deal more time with the children than the dad does. Mother can make it a happy home or a sad home.

We will read and learn a great deal more about this when we get to (chapter 31 of Proverbs).

I will say just one thing more here and then go on. In many of our churches today, there are several times as many women in attendance as there are men. This should not be so, but we cannot deny the facts. Mothers of America, lead your family to church with you.

Proverbs 14:2 "He that walketh in his uprightness feareth the LORD: but [he that is] perverse in his ways despiseth him."

In Nehemiah, we see that our walk is not only important to us but is important to the heathen, as well.

Nehemiah 5:9 "Also I said, It [is] not good that ye do: ought ye not to walk in the fear of our God because of the reproach of the heathen our enemies?"

You see, it is very important that we walk in our salvation after we receive it. There is someone watching you to see if you live the way you preach or teach. The very best sermon you can preach is to walk uprightly before God and man. The perverted person actually is totally opposed to God and His ways. Perversion is unnatural sin.

God tells us to walk the narrow, straight way to Him. The perverse way is crooked and leads to destruction. Perversion is an abomination before God. It is doing all sorts of unnatural things the Bible strictly forbids.

Proverbs 14:3 "In the mouth of the foolish [is] a rod of pride: but the lips of the wise shall preserve them."

In 1 Samuel, we read:

1 Samuel 2:3 "Talk no more so exceeding proudly; let [not] arrogancy come out of your mouth: for the LORD [is] a God of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed."

You see, arrogance and pride try to force our opinions on others and this is wrong.

In Matthew 12:37 we see "For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned." We see that our good words save us.

In this scripture, the rod is a metaphor for the proud, inflicting tongue in a fool's mouth, which destroys the fool and others.

Proverbs 14:4 "Where no oxen [are], the crib [is] clean: but much increase [is] by the strength of the ox."

This is the very same saying as "a clean stable means you have no horses".

We all know where animals are, there is evidence of their being there. We see here, that even though the animal leaves a mess, it is very important to have him to work. Without the ox to pull the plough, there would be no crops. No crops lead to poverty.

Proverbs 14:5 "A faithful witness will not lie: but a false witness will utter lies."

In court, a false witness can be tried themselves for perjury. There is nothing worse to a neighbor than someone who tells lies about them.

Proverbs 14:6 "A scorner seeketh wisdom, and [findeth it] not: but knowledge [is] easy unto him that understandeth."

We see that wisdom is for the humble who are eager to be taught. A scorner is not humble and cannot receive instruction in wisdom.

We see in the second part of this scripture, a teachable person who understands can accumulate more and more knowledge. The main thing is to remain humble enough to be taught.

Proverbs 14:7 "Go from the presence of a foolish man, when thou perceivest not [in him] the lips of knowledge."

Avoid association with all who cannot teach you wisdom.

This is just saying to listen to the words coming out of your friend's mouth, if they are not godly words and are lacking in knowledge, don't have him for a companion. You will become like the person you have for a close friend. The minute to leave is the first moment you see that he used bad language.

Doesn't this kind of go against the idea of staying around people so you can "witness to them"? Witness or become a close friend.

Proverbs 14:8 "The wisdom of the prudent [is] to understand his way: but the folly of fools [is] deceit."

We see here in the wise person, one who carefully considers the options and takes the best way for him.

The fool is deceived and rushes off into things without considering the consequences. Their way is to cheat every way they can. Be sure your sins will find you out.

Proverbs 14:9 "Fools make a mock at sin: but among the righteous [there is] favor."

We see this in our society today. Anything goes is the motto. Sin is being made to look as if it is the best thing to do. Movies of all kinds (X-rated, R-rated, PG-13, and PG), are all full of sin. If you are a Christian, you should not watch any of the above.

You see only a fool would practice sin. Those in right standing with God (righteous), make better choices and in doing so they are in good favor with God.

Proverbs 14:10 "The heart knoweth his own bitterness; and a stranger doth not intermeddle with his joy."

We see in this Scripture that the feelings of our own heart are private. It is difficult for someone else to feel grief that is in your heart. If the grief is personal in nature, your grief is deeper than the onlooker's. The same thing is true with joy. You can share joy with a friend, but it is impossible to feel the greatness of it if it is not happening to you.

Fools ridicule their impending judgment while the wise are promised favor with God.

Proverbs 14:11 "The house of the wicked shall be overthrown: but the tabernacle of the upright shall flourish."

The wicked are only interested in building big, fine homes here. They are not thinking of the future at all. This life is one that leads to destruction. Things we accumulate here on the earth we leave behind when we die. We came into the world naked and our going out will be without earthly goods.

The Christian on the other hand knows that his true home is in heaven. Abraham knew this when he gave up his home in Ur of the Chaldees and dwelt in tents. He was looking for a city whose builder was God. We Christians should be looking to the heavenly city (New Jerusalem).

Proverbs 14:12 "There is a way which seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof [are] the ways of death."

The problem with the chosen children of God in their journey was that they did what was right in their own sight. We must not listen to fleshly desire which leads to sin and death. This new teaching (new age movement), tells us if it feels good, do it. That is very dangerous. The flesh (feel good) walk will lead, as I said, to sin and death.

Two ways are offered to people, the narrow gate and the wide gate. The narrow gate is by faith, only through Christ, constricted and precise. It represents true salvation in God's way that leads to life eternal. The wide gate includes all religions of works and self-righteousness, with no single way in, but it leads to hell, not heaven.

Christ continually emphasized the difficulty of following Him. Salvation is by grace alone, but is not easy. It calls for knowledge of the truth, repentance, submission to Christ as Lord, and a willingness to obey His will and Word.

Proverbs 14:13 "Even in laughter the heart is sorrowful; and the end of that mirth [is] heaviness."

Sometimes a person is laughing on the outside, but crying on the inside. The laughter is a cover up to keep from crying. The world's laughter will bring grief. We also can see in this, that worldly fun (drinking, etc.), makes you appear to be happy for the moment, but come tomorrow is the hang-over and grief.

Proverbs 14:14 "The backslider in heart shall be filled with his own ways: and a good man [shall be satisfied] from himself."

Backsliding is listening to the lust of our own flesh. We are in a battle of the flesh against the spirit. To walk before God in a pleasing way and be satisfied with our own walk, we must put the flesh under the rule of the spirit.

The term backslider in heart was a term so often used by the prophets and is here used in such a way as to clarify who is a backslider. He belongs in the category of the fool, the wicked, and the disobedient and he is contrasted with the godly wise. It is a word that the prophets used of apostate unbelievers.

Proverbs 14:15 "The simple believeth every word: but the prudent [man] looketh well to his going."

We see here that a person should not believe every word someone says. We should always check what we are told the same as the Bereans (in Acts 7:10-11).

1 John 4:1 "Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world."

Proverbs 14:16 "A wise [man] feareth, and departeth from evil: but the fool rageth, and is confident."

This verse is a carry-over from the one before. This wise man here fears getting involved with the sins of the world and examines everything he is about to do to see whether it would be pleasing to God or not. The fool has confidence in himself and not in God. His self-confidence encourages him to do things against God's law and man's law and gets him into trouble.

Proverbs 14:17 "[He that is] soon angry dealeth foolishly: and a man of wicked devices is hated."

This contrast is between the hasty anger that is labeled as folly and the deliberate malice which produces hatred.

A hot-tempered person flies off before all the facts are in and winds up doing foolish things.

In the last of these above, we see this evil person is not just hot tempered and impulsive but actually plans to do evil. The second person commits premeditated sin. He is guiltier than the one who sins in anger.

Proverbs 14:18 "The simple inherit folly: but the prudent are crowned with knowledge."

The simple are the unlearned whether by choice or by birth. They inherit folly or foolishness because they do not separate good from evil very well. They don't make good decisions and are led away into sin.

The prudent however, (as we have said before), checks everything out and judges from his accumulated knowledge what is good. He is thought of by others (crowned), to be very intelligent: crowned with knowledge.

Proverbs 14 Questions

  1. What does every wise woman do in verse 1?
  2. What does the foolish woman do?
  3. What is the difference in the call of a husband and wife in the home?
  4. Which is larger in attendance in our churches today, men or women?
  5. In verse 2, who is said to fear the Lord?
  6. A perverse person actually __________God.
  7. Who is our walk important to beside ourselves?
  8. What is the best sermon you can give?
  9. What is perversion?
  10. What is meant by rod of pride?
  11. In 1 Samuel 2:3, we are warned against what?
  12. In Matthew 12:37, we read that we are justified by what?
  13. What is the condition of the crib where there are no oxen?
  14. A clean stable means what?
  15. What would happen to a farmer with no animals?
  16. What kind of witness does not lie?
  17. In court, what is lying under oath called?
  18. Wisdom is for whom?
  19. Who is a scorner?
  20. What should you do when you find your friend is foolish lacking in knowledge?
  21. The wisdom of the prudent is to ________ his way.
  22. What is going on in our society today that fits the meaning of "fools make a mock at sin"?
  23. What knows a man's own bitterness?
  24. What will happen to the house of the wicked?
  25. What home are the Christians looking forward to?
  26. Why did Abraham dwell in tents?
  27. What is wrong with the "new age" movement?
  28. What does "even in laughter the heart is sorrowful" mean?
  29. What causes a person to backslide?
  30. What does the simple believe?
  31. In 1 John 4:1, what are we warned to do?
  32. A person who is soon angry deals __________.
  33. Which is worse, quick temper sin or premeditated sin?
  34. What are the prudent crowned with?

Proverbs Chapter 14 Continued

Proverbs 14:19 "The evil bow before the good; and the wicked at the gates of the righteous."

This ancient custom was for the inferior to prostrate himself before the superior or wait humbly before the great one's gate seeking favor. Good will humble evil.

This may not be true now, but is certainly the last state of the Christian and the evil. The believers in Christ shall reign with Jesus for 1,000 years, and they will rule over the wicked.

Proverbs 14:20 "The poor is hated even of his own neighbor: but the rich [hath] many friends."

Social standing is improved with riches, but the good neighbor will have concern for all, regardless of their status.

We see here a selfish situation. One of the best illustrations of this in the Bible is the story of the Prodigal son. When he had plenty of money and was partying every night, he had just worlds of friends; but when the money was gone, his friends left, too, and he found himself feeding pigs for a few pieces of bread to eat.

This Scripture above is not speaking of true friends that stick closer than a brother, but is speaking of friends who are trying to get what they can out of you. A true friend loves you when you are poor as much as when you are rich. Jesus is the greatest friend a person could have.

This sad but true picture of human nature is not given approvingly, but only as a fact.

Proverbs 14:21 "He that despiseth his neighbor sinneth: but he that hath mercy on the poor, happy [is] he."

We read in James what the royal law is:

James 2:8 "If ye fulfil the royal law according to the Scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself, ye do well:"

We have used the Scripture before in these teachings, but it bears repeating again. The good that you do for others, the Lord counts as if you had done it for Him. In Jesus' own words He said,

"Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me." (Matthew 25:40)

The reward we get for doing for those who cannot repay us is in heaven when we stand before Jesus. As to still being on earth, we have the fruits of the Spirit (as in Galatians 5:22-23).

"But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith," "Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law."

Proverbs 14:22 "Do they not err that devise evil? but mercy and truth [shall be] to them that devise good."

A person who is constantly figuring up ways to do evil is getting further and further away from God all the time. Their heart is becoming harder and harder. It will be difficult for them to come to the Lord and find life eternal. Those who are seeking to do good God pours out His mercy upon, and they know the truth.

Proverbs 14:23 "In all labor there is profit: but the talk of the lips [tendeth] only to penury."

We can see in this that those who work reap a reward. It may not be in money, sometimes it is in just the satisfaction of knowing that you have done your best.

But the second person intended above is someone who always talks about work, but never actually gets around to doing anything. He never is rewarded in any way, because he doesn't do anything. Penury meaning: (extreme want or poverty; destitution, extreme dearth; barrenness or insufficiency).

Proverbs 14:24 "The crown of the wise [is] their riches: [but] the foolishness of fools [is] folly."

Sometimes we see the reward of the wise in riches. A person who uses wise judgment is better at business than a fool and sometimes is crowned with riches. Perhaps this is speaking more of godly wealth than earthly wealth also.

A fool and his foolish actions bring nothing but shame. This is emphatic language, playing on the word "fool" and showing that the only reward for fools is more folly.

Proverbs 14:25 "A true witness delivereth souls: but a deceitful [witness] speaketh lies."

We can see in this someone who witnesses of the Truth (Jesus Christ), brings others to salvation. A true witness is never harmful, but does good. The truth produces justice, on which the lives of people may depend.

We Christians are to witness the truth to the whole world. That was the great commission Jesus gave us. Go ye into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature.

A deceitful witness destroys. The deceitful witness is of Satan himself. He is a liar and is son of the father of lies. Destruction is all he has to offer.

Proverbs 14:26 "In the fear of the LORD [is] strong confidence: and his children shall have a place of refuge."

(In chapter 1 verse 7), we discussed the "fear of the Lord". That was the overarching theme of this book and particularity the first 9 chapters was introduced, reverence for God.

This reverential awe and admiring, submissive fear is foundational for all spiritual knowledge and wisdom.

We Christians know on whom we believe and have confidence that He will save us from the wrath to come. We are persuaded that He is able to do all that He has promised, therefore giving us strong confidence.

Hebrews 6:18-19 "That by two immutable things, in which [it was] impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us:" "Which [hope] we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and steadfast, and which entereth into that within the veil;"

You see, Jesus has paid it all for us and made the way open unto God the Father for us. Jesus' shed blood is our protection and refuge. Our place of refuge is in Jesus.

Proverbs 14:27 "The fear of the LORD [is] a fountain of life, to depart from the snares of death."

We read (in chapter 10:11), that the Lord is the source of this fountain which springs up in the wise man as wise speech, wise laws, the fear of the Lord and understanding.

We read (in Matthew), the only fear that is permissible is of God.

Matthew 10:28 "And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell."

God is our source of life. Jesus is also the one who condemns to eternal death, as well. He is the only one to fear. When we ask Jesus into our life, we depart from the snares of death.

Proverbs 14:28 "In the multitude of people [is] the king's honor: but in the want of people [is] the destruction of the prince."

If you were king of a great number of people, there would be more honor than to be king over just a handful of people. The king over a small group could be easily overthrown.

This is a truism stating that a king's honor comes from the support of his people as they increase and prosper.

Proverbs 14:29 "[He that is] slow to wrath [is] of great understanding: but [he that is] hasty of spirit exalteth folly."

The Bible says do not be angry without a cause and also says do not let the sun go down on your anger. Even Jesus got angry, but we must be careful what we get angry about. There has to be true justice involved. God is slow to wrath, but there is coming a day when the wrath of God will fall on those who have rejected Jesus.

I believe this Scripture above is telling us not to get angry about every little thing. That shows that our relationship with God is not what it should be. The Lord wants us to be forgiving and loving to even those who do not deserve it.

James 1:19-20 "Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath:" "For the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God."

This is similar (to verse 17).

Proverbs 14:30 "A sound heart [is] the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones."

We know the person who has a healthy heart is usually in pretty good shape physically.

I believe this goes further than the physical and is speaking of a heart in tune with God. One of the main things mentioned in Romans 10:9-10 to be saved is to believe in the heart.

Envy and strife go hand in hand. Envy eats you up from within and will totally destroy you.

"The rottenness of the bones" speaks of suffering which is like a painful and incurable condition.

Proverbs 14:31 "He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoreth him hath mercy on the poor."

God is the one who makes us rich or poor. We have very little to do with it. It offends the Creator when one neglects the poor, who are part of His creation.

In Psalms 10:2 we see, "The wicked in his pride doth persecute the poor: let them be taken in the devises that they have imagined."

The whole meaning of this above is that if we love God, we will be good to the poor. But for the grace of God, the poor one would be us.

Proverbs 14:32 "The wicked is driven away in his wickedness: but the righteous hath hope in his death."

In 1 Thessalonians, we read that there are people who have no hope.

1 Thessalonians 4:13 "But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope."

You can see that there is no hope for the one who continues in his wickedness and never turns to Jesus and His righteousness. These are the those that are driven away from God by their wickedness.

Then we see the righteous have hope of the resurrection as we read the next 4 scriptures.

1 Thessalonians 4:14-17 "For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him." "For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive [and] remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep." "For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:" "Then we which are alive [and] remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord."

Proverbs 14:33 "Wisdom resteth in the heart of him that hath understanding: but [that which is] in the midst of fools is made known."

Wisdom is not something we go around bragging about. It is a gift from God. Wisdom is hidden deep within us. A fool goes around bragging and looks very foolish for it. A wise man is quiet and someone else notices his wisdom.

Wisdom is quietly preserved in the heart of the wise for the time of proper use, while fools are eager to blurt out their folly.

Proverbs 14:34 "Righteousness exalteth a nation: but sin [is] a reproach to any people."

The United States was exalted as a nation for many years because we were founded upon Biblical principles. God blessed America because of its rich Christian heritage. Our country in recent years has gotten very far away from godly teaching, and we are becoming a reproach. As a nation, we must return to God quickly and God will help us.

2 Chronicles 7:14 tells us, "If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land."

While just principals and actions preserve and even exalt a society, their absence shames a society.

Proverbs 14:35 "The king's favor [is] toward a wise servant: but his wrath is [against] him that causeth shame."

We see that many times the king will choose a godly man to take care of things in his country because of the wisdom God has given him. Joseph is a good example of this when he stored food and saved Egypt and his people as well.

Haman, in the book of Esther, was a good example of the king's wrath falling on someone who brings evil. Haman was hanged by the king when he tried to destroy the Jews (read Esther chapters 3 through 9 to get the whole story).

Another example would be when King Darius's princes conspired to kill Daniel by having him thrown into the lion's den. Read the 6th Chapter of Daniel for the details.

Proverbs 14 Continued Questions

  1. Who will bow before the other, the evil or the good?
  2. How long will the Christians reign with Jesus?
  3. The poor is hated of his _________ but the rich has ___________.
  4. What story in the Bible is a good example of the poor being hated?
  5. What is the royal law in James 2:8?
  6. What happens to a person's heart who is constantly devising evil?
  7. In all ________ there is profit.
  8. What is meant by the talk of the lips leading to penury?
  9. The crown of the wise is their __________.
  10. This witness that delivers souls is witnessing what?
  11. What was the great commission Jesus gave to the believers?
  12. A deceitful witness is of ________ himself.
  13. Who shall have a place of refuge in God?
  14. Who made the way open to the Father for us?
  15. Who are we to fear?
  16. The king's honor is great because of what?
  17. Who is King of all kings?
  18. The Bible says do not be ________ without a cause.
  19. Who will God's wrath fall upon?
  20. What is the life of the flesh in verse 30?
  21. In Romans 10:9-10, what must we do to be saved?
  22. What other sin goes hand in hand with envy?
  23. In Psalms 10:2, who persecute the poor?
  24. In verse 32, the righteous has hope in his _________.
  25. In 1 Thessalonians 4:13-17, what is the blessed hope of?
  26. Who goes around bragging all the time?
  27. In 2 Chronicles 7:14, what does God promise our nation?
  28. Why has America been so blessed?
  29. Who is a good example of the king choosing a godly man to help him with his country?
  30. Who is a good example of what happens to an evil man when his king finds him out?

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Proverbs 15

Proverbs Chapter 15

Proverbs 15:1 "A soft answer turneth away wrath: but grievous words stir up anger."

It takes two people to have an argument. If we will look here, we see that we must answer softly. The worst thing we can do is pout and not talk. Perhaps, we should silently pray a few minutes and then answer quietly. Screaming never accomplishes anything. It just causes a fight.

Angry words bring angry words in return. The first thing you know, there are problems difficult to settle, because everyone has said too much. The best way is to stay calm and talk quietly.

Proverbs 15:2 "The tongue of the wise useth knowledge aright: but the mouth of fools poureth out foolishness."

The tongue is a mighty weapon. The wise are very careful about what they say. They choose their words carefully. A fool blurts out whatever comes to mind. He takes no thought at all for what he says. He stays in trouble by the words that come pouring from his mouth.

Proverbs 15:3 "The eyes of the LORD [are] in every place, beholding the evil and the good."

In Revelation, we read about the symbolic meaning of eyes (which mean great wisdom). In this verse, I believe, this is speaking of the Lord being omnipresent (being everywhere all the time). He knows everything we do, even if it is done in cover of darkness. God is not out to get us. He sees all the good we do as well.

Proverbs 15:4 "A wholesome tongue [is] a tree of life: but perverseness therein [is] a breach in the spirit."

Words can destroy or words can heal. The wholesome tongue speaks beautiful words of hope. That tongue speaks life and not death.

The "Tree of Life" is a metaphor referring to temporal and spiritual renewal and refreshment. The wholesome tongue of the preacher brings the good news of the gospel, and if the message is heeded, it brings eternal life.

This perverseness is probably lies being spoken that will do harm to others.

Proverbs 15:5 "A fool despiseth his father's instruction: but he that regardeth reproof is prudent."

A fool will not accept instruction, especially from his father.

He is a "know it all" has to make every mistake for himself instead of learning from others mistakes.

A person who takes instructions well will be saved much pain and suffering. He learns from other's mistakes and doesn't have to pay for each mistake himself.

Proverbs 15:6 "In the house of the righteous [is] much treasure: but in the revenues of the wicked is trouble."

In this, we see two ways of getting treasure. The righteous has much treasure, because he has earned it fairly and God has blessed him. The wicked earns theirs in an unlawful way, ill-gotten gain is soon lost.

Proverbs 15:7 "The lips of the wise disperse knowledge: but the heart of the foolish [doeth] not so."

In Luke we read of two different messages the lips bring.

Luke 6:45 "A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh."

We see the heart is where the message originates.

Proverbs 15:8 "The sacrifice of the wicked [is] an abomination to the LORD: but the prayer of the upright [is] his delight."

We see one of the first offerings in the Bible being rejected by God. Cain's offering was unacceptable to God. Cain even killed his brother because of his jealousy.

External acts of worship, though according to biblical prescription, are repulsive to God when the heart of the worshiper is wicked.

Prayer changes things. God listens to our prayers. We see all the Patriarchs praying to God. Great men of the Bible such as Moses, Joseph, and David all prayed often to God. Even Jesus prayed to the Father.

God likes for us to pray. Prayer is a time for fellowshipping with God. We read in Philippians:

Philippians 4:6 "Be careful for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God."

When you pray, what does God hear? Is it the words you use or something else? What does this following scripture mean?

And in the same way the Spirit also helps our weaknesses; for we do not know how to pray as we should, but the Spirit Himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words; and He who searches the hearts knows what the mind of the Spirit is, because He intercedes for the saints according to the will of God (see Romans 8:26-27).

So does this mean that it is not what comes from our mouths that God hears, but what we pray filtered through the Holy Spirit who searches our hearts for what we really believe and are saying? I believe so.

Proverbs 15:9 "The way of the wicked [is] an abomination unto the LORD: but he loveth him that followeth after righteousness."

This is speaking of a way of life. A pattern is set to either walk the broad way of wickedness which leads to destruction or to walk the straight and narrow path which pleases God. There are only two paths. We must go on one or the other.

The path of righteousness is the path Christian must take.

Proverbs 15:10 "Correction [is] grievous unto him that forsaketh the way: [and] he that hateth reproof shall die."

Forsaking the way of life is intended here. Jesus is the Way of truth and righteousness and to forsake Him brings death.

Sin has to be repented of and corrected to get in the way which leads to life. Those who reject repentance and correction (in Jesus), shall die in their sins.

Proverbs 15:11 "Hell and destruction [are] before the LORD: how much more then the hearts of the children of men?"

We see by this that hell and destruction are fully known of God. God also, can see into the heart of man and knows what is in each person's heart.

God even knows the desires of each person's heart. He knows the desires of our heart before we pray. But He wants us to pray.

Proverbs 15:12 "A scorner loveth not one that reproveth him: neither will he go unto the wise."

This scorner is an arrogant, conceited person who dislikes anyone who tries to correct him. This possibly has to do with not wanting to be taught about God.

And of course, the wise would be telling him about God.

Proverbs 15:13 "A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken."

I have said so many times that you can look into the eyes of a person and tell what is inside them. If your heart is merry, your eyes will sparkle and there will be a big smile on your face. When the heart is sorrowful, the eyes are dull, and a big frown is on your face.

The spirit of man being broken goes along with the sorrow. Sorrow affects not only our outward look but affects one's spirit in a negative way, as well.

Proverbs 15:14 "The heart of him that hath understanding seeketh knowledge: but the mouth of fools feedeth on foolishness."

We see that the heart's desire of the first person here is to seek even more knowledge. The fool is always hanging on to every foolish thing he hears. He feeds on falsehoods.

Proverbs 15:15 "All the days of the afflicted [are] evil: but he that is of a merry heart [hath] a continual feast."

We see, that this affliction is not physical, but probably had to do with depression. We see a person whose depression is almost continuous. This person never sees anything good; he looks at the dark side of life.

The contrast here is he of a merry heart sees everything from a positive attitude. Life to him is a continuous joy. The righteous always are at peace.

The joyous inward condition of the wise man's heart is described as a perpetual feast. Real happiness is always determined by the state of the heart.

Proverbs 15:16 "Better [is] little with the fear of the LORD than great treasure and trouble therewith."

We have said in an earlier lesson in Proverbs fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom. Fear of the Lord brings a relationship with God that will get you to heaven. There is no treasure great enough that it would be worth trading eternity with God for.

Wealth many times brings sorrow. Christians should be content with whatever state they are in. Wealth sometimes keeps people away from really close relationship with God. It would be much better to be poor and close to God.

Proverbs 15:17 "Better [is] a dinner of herbs where love is, than a stalled ox and hatred therewith."

This is telling us again, that pleasant company is far more important at a meal than the food on the table.

A dinner of herbs or vegetables is the typical dinner of the poor.

The ox is speaking of some fairly expensive meat. Herbs here, is speaking of a meal of vegetables. I heard someone say that for many years they didn't have enough money to buy bacon and eggs for breakfast, and they just had gravy and bread. She said we were happy and didn't even realize we were missing anything.

Happiness is what we are all looking for, not some special food.

Proverbs 15 Questions

  1. In verse 1, what turns away wrath?
  2. What kind of words stirs up anger?
  3. What is the worst thing we can do in a discussion?
  4. What does the mouth of a fool pour out?
  5. Describe a wise tongue?
  6. Where are the eyes of the Lord?
  7. What does that tell us about the Lord?
  8. What is the symbolic meaning of eyes?
  9. What is the tree of life in verse 4?
  10. What does the wholesome tongue of a preacher bring?
  11. What is the difference in a wise man and a foolish man?
  12. Where is the treasure found?
  13. The lips of the wise disperse____________.
  14. Where does the message that comes from the mouth originate?
  15. When the wicked sacrifice to God, it is an _________ to Him?
  16. How are we to let our requests be known to God?
  17. What are the only two paths of life open to us?
  18. Correction is grievous to whom?
  19. What 2 bad things are before the Lord?
  20. What lets us know how much God knows about each of us?
  21. Who is the scorner in verse 12?
  22. A merry heart makes what?
  23. Describe the look of a person with a sorrowful heart.
  24. What does a fool feed on?
  25. All the days of the afflicted are _____________.
  26. What kind of affliction are we talking about, probably?
  27. Better is little with fear of the Lord than what?
  28. What reward will fear of the Lord get you?
  29. Better is a dinner of herbs where _______ is than a stalled ox and hatred.
  30. What is this telling us is more important than fine food?
  31. What are we all looking for out of life here on this earth, other than God?

Proverbs Chapter 15 Continued

Proverbs 15:18 "A wrathful man stirreth up strife: but [he that is] slow to anger appeaseth strife."

In this scripture, we see hotheads as contrasted to peacemakers.

We see again, here the wrathful man is always trying to start a battle over just any little old thing, but the man slow to anger is a peacemaker and will go to almost any length to avoid an argument.

Proverbs 15:19 "The way of the slothful [man is] as a hedge of thorns: but the way of the righteous [is] made plain."

Slothful means lazy, in fact, very lazy. A man who is this lazy will lie up in bed and let the thorn bushes grow up all around him. He is too lazy to remove them.

The righteous man speaks also of an industrious man who keeps his path clean and ready to go.

Proverbs 15:20 "A wise son maketh a glad father: but a foolish man despiseth his mother."

A wise son follows the instructions of his father and learns his lesson well. His father is proud of him, because he was an obedient son who was quick to learn and learned his lesson well.

The foolish man despises his mother, because he does not want to learn anything from anyone else and especially from his mother. She wants to help him, and he is too arrogant to let her help.

Proverbs 15:21 "Folly [is] joy to [him that is] destitute of wisdom: but a man of understanding walketh uprightly."

(Compare Prov. 14:12).

Proverbs 16:25 "There is a way that seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof [are] the ways of death."

Proverbs 15:22 "Without counsel purposes are disappointed: but in the multitude of counsellors they are established."

This is a very good saying about listening to advise from others and weighing to make the best decision possible. The old saying goes, "Two heads are better than one".

A good decision is made with multiple wise advisers. The more crucial the decision, the more appropriate is corporate wisdom.

It would be foolish indeed to not discuss something to be done and then take the best advice.

Proverbs 15:23 "A man hath joy by the answer of his mouth: and a word [spoken] in due season, how good [is it]!"

Verse 23 is connected to 22. We see here one of the counselors who has given good advice and he rejoices in that his advice was taken. His message was given at just the right time.

Proverbs 15:24: "The way of life [is] above to the wise, that he may depart from hell beneath."

We see that the wise choose the way that leads to heaven above. They are aware that hell exists beneath. They are on a higher plane. They seek the way of the Godly. Their home is in heaven; and they refuse the way of sin that leads to hell.

Proverbs 15:25 "The LORD will destroy the house of the proud: but he will establish the border of the widow."

The proud don't think they need any help from anyone. God loves and helps the humble. We must reach out for his help before He will give it.

When evil men try to take the property of widows, God will intervene. The most desolate (widows), who have God's help possess a more permanent dwelling place than the prosperous and self-reliant sinners.

God helps those who cannot help themselves. We really need Him, but some are too proud to admit they need Him.

Proverbs 15:26 "The thoughts of the wicked [are] an abomination to the LORD: but [the words] of the pure [are] pleasant words."

Jesus taught that sin occurs first in the heart and thought.

In the following scriptures, we see the sin actually occurs in the heart and mind.

Matthew 15:19 "For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies:"

Luke 6:45 "A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh."

Matthew 12:34 "O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh."

Matthew 5:27-28 "Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery:" "But I say unto you, that whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart."

The thoughts of the sinner are evil and are an abomination to God. A pure person has pure thoughts and his words are pleasant.

Proverbs 15:27 "He that is greedy of gain troubleth his own house; but he that hateth gifts shall live."

Some people just want more and more. To many, having a lot of "stuff" is something which makes them look good to others. In many cases, this gain is brought about by deceptive practices. This type person can cause a terrible financial or legal problem for their family as they can never be satisfied.

A greedy person is not just greedy with outsiders, but with the members of his family as well. The number one cause of divorce in America today is debt. A greedy person is always accusing the other members of the family for the debt mess they are in and consequently arguments occur which leads to divorce.

In some families, there is an unselfish person who enjoys giving to the rest more than receiving their selves. The person who loves to give and not get, will prosper or live.

Proverbs 15:28 "The heart of the righteous studieth to answer: but the mouth of the wicked poureth out evil things."

The person who is slow to speak says fewer things that they regret later. A righteous person will carefully choose the words they say so as not to hurt the feelings of the one they are speaking to.

Wicked people don't guard their words. An evil person doesn't care about anyone else's feelings and just blurts out evil things.

Proverbs 15:29 "The LORD [is] far from the wicked: but he heareth the prayer of the righteous."

Sin separates us from God. Some have taken this Scripture to mean that God will not hear the prayer of the sinful man. Judge for yourselves from the following scriptures.

John 9:31 "Now we know that God heareth not sinners: but if any man be a worshipper of God, and doeth his will, him he heareth."

1 Peter 3:12 "For the eyes of the Lord [are] over the righteous, and his ears [are open] unto their prayers: but the face of the Lord [is] against them that do evil."

I believe God does hear his prayers but will not answer until the sinful man repents.

God is far from the wicked because the wicked has rejected or walked away from God, not the other way around. God does answer the righteous quicker as we see in the following Scripture.

James 5:16 "Confess [your] faults one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much."

Proverbs 15:30 "The light of the eyes rejoiceth the heart: [and] a good report maketh the bones fat."

If we have Jesus in our heart, we have His Light shining within us. Others see in this person a joy unspeakable that radiates out to everyone they come in contact with. A good report maketh the bones fat is very similar to the statement: Good news lifts you up. It makes your heart leap within you.

Whatever is good, sound truth and wisdom stirs the heart by relieving anxiety and producing a cheerful face.

Proverbs 15:31 "The ear that heareth the reproof of life abideth among the wise."

Over, and over again, in the book of Revelation, it is said, "He that hath an ear let him hear". This is talking about opening your ear of understanding to God. We are to be wise unto salvation.

The acquiring of wisdom demands a teachable spirit.

Proverbs 15:32 "He that refuseth instruction despiseth his own soul: but he that heareth reproof getteth understanding."

A person who refuses to be taught is hurting himself more than anyone else. An unlearned person makes many mistakes. He has no facts to work with.

The person who wants to understand will listen carefully to someone who knows more, and will even take correction from that person to learn.

Proverbs 15:33 "The fear of the LORD [is] the instruction of wisdom; and before honor [is] humility."

We have said before that humility is very important. We must walk humbly before God. The honor must come from God and not man. If we fear God, we will follow in His ways. We will study his Word and know what His will is for our life.

If we fear (respect), Him, our desire will be to please him. This fear actually means we will love Him and respect Him and do everything we can do to obey His commandments and the things He has told us to do (through Jesus), in the New Testament.

Proverbs Chapter 15 Continued Questions

  1. In verse 18, who stirreth up strife?
  2. A man slow to anger could be called a ________?
  3. Who is a slothful man?
  4. What kind of hedge is around a slothful man?
  5. Who maketh a glad father?
  6. Why does the foolish despise his mother?
  7. How does a man of understanding walk?
  8. A man destitute of wisdom walks in _______ _______ _____.
  9. Without _______ purposes are disappointed.
  10. Why is it good to listen to other's advice?
  11. What is meant by, the way of life is above to the wise?
  12. Where is the home of the Godly?
  13. The Lord destroys the house of the proud but establishes whose borders?
  14. Where does sin first occur?
  15. The thoughts of the wicked are an _____________ to the Lord.
  16. Describe a pure person.
  17. Who is a greedy person greedy with?
  18. What is the number one cause of divorce in America?
  19. Who can bring peace to a family (besides God)?
  20. What is the difference in the way the righteous answer and the evil?
  21. In verse 29, the Lord hears whose prayers?
  22. Why is the Lord far from the wicked?
  23. In James 5:16, what kind of prayer availeth much?
  24. The ear in verse 31, is talking about what?
  25. Who despises his own soul?
  26. Why should we fear God?

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Proverbs 16

Proverbs Chapter 16

Proverbs 16:1 "The preparations of the heart in man, and the answer of the tongue, [is] from the LORD."

We see here a godly man. One whose heart is stayed upon the Lord. Jesus taught us in His own words in Luke that the Holy Spirit would put in our mouth what we need to say.

Luke 12:11-12 "And when they bring you unto the synagogues, and [unto] magistrates, and powers, take ye no thought how or what thing ye shall answer, or what ye shall say:" "For the Holy Ghost shall teach you in the same hour what ye ought to say."

God does not want us for our worldly abilities. He wants us because we are willing to be molded into His image.

Human responsibility is always subject to God's absolute sovereignty.

Proverbs 16:2 "All the ways of a man [are] clean in his own eyes; but the LORD weigheth the spirits."

We see here again, that man's deeds are not always what the man really is. God looks into our heart and sees what our intents are. He judges the heart and not the deeds. The spirit of man is what we really are.

In other words, while man can be self-deceived, God determines his true motives.

This body is just a house we live in for a short time. Secular humanism teaches that we are the center of everything and that we should follow our own desires, but God says that leads to destruction. The flesh desires are what is right in our own sight. The spirit wants to please God and is truly the thing to do.

Proverbs 16:3 "Commit thy works unto the LORD, and thy thoughts shall be established."

Every job we do should be done as unto the Lord. Jobs we do on our own are doomed to failure, but jobs done for Him are established forever. The thoughts that are established are the things the Holy Spirit of God has given you.

This scripture tells us that we must totally commit ourselves in the sense of both total trust and submission to the will of God. He will fulfill your righteous plans.

Proverbs 16:4 "The LORD hath made all [things] for himself: yea, even the wicked for the day of evil."

God made everything good. God did not make evil. Man has a free will and some choose to be evil, but God did not predestinate them to being evil. It is God's wish that all would come to the knowledge of God and be saved in Jesus Christ, but some will not accept salvation in Jesus and they will go bad.

Here is an excellent illustration of this found in the book of Romans:

Romans 9:17-23 "For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might show my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth." "Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will [have mercy], and whom he will he hardeneth." "Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will?" "Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed [it], Why hast thou made me thus?" "Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honor, and another unto dishonor?" "[What] if God, willing to show [his] wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction:" "And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory,"

God's foreknowledge allowed Him to know who the wicked would be.

Revelation 4:11 "Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honor and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created."

Proverbs 16:5 "Every one [that is] proud in heart [is] an abomination to the LORD: [though] hand [join] in hand, he shall not be unpunished."

God does not want us to be arrogant. Those who are proud of self, God turns away from. Pride is what caused Lucifer to lose out in heaven. He thought too highly of himself. He elevated himself in his own opinion up to the level of God the Father. This is the same mistake many Christians are making today. Some would have you believe that you will eventually be equal to God. This will never be. God will always be God, and we will be His servants.

We will even be His adopted children, but we will never be God. "Pride cometh before a fall". Even if a great number band together hand in hand and believe that they will be God, it will never work. God will punish those who try to elevate themselves too highly (one at a time or a large group).

Proverbs 16:6 "By mercy and truth iniquity is purged: and by the fear of the LORD [men] depart from evil."

We see in this purging a step that Christians must take. We are all saved by faith in Jesus Christ, but we must walk in that saved condition. This purging is the doing away with the sins of the old life. God's mercy and truth teach us a better way of life. It is our obligation to walk in newness of life (the better way). We must destroy (purge), the old habits.

If we truly love the Lord, we will have reverent fear of Him. We will be continually fearful of falling back into evil. This fear will not be because we are afraid of His punishment, but because we love Him and want to please Him.

Proverbs 16:7 "When a man's ways please the LORD, he maketh even his enemies to be at peace with him."

A man who is pleasing the Lord is living a peaceable life. He is doing unto others as he would have them do unto him. He is loving his neighbor as himself. This type of life leaves no room for argument. It is hard to be at war with someone who loves you. We see also, that those who love the Lord are blessed of Him.

But, this general rule does not mean that we will not receive persecution from some of those enemies

Proverbs 16:8 "Better [is] a little with righteousness than great revenues without right."

I have seen so many people who have great wealth that they have acquired at the cost of their neighbors. These people are afraid to go to sleep at night. They have so many enemies that they have stepped on, to get to the top that they are in constant fear of retaliation from some of them.

Thank you, but I do not want any part of that kind of life, always afraid of losing what you have. Unlike the righteousness person in verse seven that if you had any enemies, they would be at peace with you.

Proverbs 16:9 "A man's heart deviseth his way: but the LORD directeth his steps."

We see here, that man plans what he wants to do, but God decides whether it will happen or not. One of the best examples of this in all the Bible is found in the 12th chapter of Luke where the rich fool was so selfish and would not do God's will with the abundance he had. He even tore his barns down and made greater barns to hold all his goods, but we will see what happened in Luke:

Luke 12:20 "But God said unto him, [Thou] fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?"

It all comes down to this, our sovereign God overrules the plans of men to fulfill His purposes.

Proverbs 16:10 "A divine sentence [is] in the lips of the king: his mouth transgresseth not in judgment."

I believe we see here that the king was the final word in the kingdom. When the king said something, it was carried out as if it were the law. Kings were supposed to judge fairly and in many cases did; but an evil king like Herod let the people worship him as if he were a god, and this is wrong.

A "divine sentence" does not imply any occult practice that is forbidden, but one that is literally a decision from divine wisdom, in the words of the king who represented God. The king was under mandate to seek out and speak God's wisdom as David (in 2 Sam. 14:17-20), or Solomon (in 1 Kings 3:9-12). Also, Christ as King (in Isaiah 11:2).

Proverbs 16:11 "A just weight and balance [are] the LORD'S: all the weights of the bag [are] his work."

God will not permit false weights. In all of God's dealings, we will see exactness; and He expects that from us, as well. God established weights and measures for His people, and He does not like for anyone to change them. Much more is taught on this in Exodus. God detests dishonesty.

Proverbs 16:12 "[It is] an abomination to kings to commit wickedness: for the throne is established by righteousness."

Social influence for good or bad is in view here.

We know that a king is king because God allowed him to be in that position. There is a great responsibility to anyone in authority. They must live lives of dedication and sacrifice if they are to be a good king. They should set a good example for the rest of the people.

When they don't, God will remove them. A king, who follows after God's ways, will be king a long time; but an evil king will be overthrown.

Proverbs 16:13 "Righteous lips [are] the delight of kings; and they love him that speaketh right."

Everyone loves the truth. A king would especially love it. We learn in our Genesis study how Joseph was quickly elevated to the second in command in the land when he told the king of Egypt the truth about his dream.

Proverbs 16:14 "The wrath of a king [is as] messengers of death: but a wise man will pacify it."

The king can speak death to someone he is ruling over if that person gets out of line. The best thing to do if you are subject to him is to please him if you can.

This scripture points to the king's power of "life or death," which can be abused or used for good.

Proverbs 16:15 "In the light of the king's countenance [is] life; and his favor [is] as a cloud of the latter rain."

When the king is smiling and light hearted, you know there is not to be any executions. Life is in the king's smile. If you have pleased him, you will flourish in his kingdom, as the crops are more abundant when it rains at just the right time before harvest.

Proverbs 16:16 "How much better [is it] to get wisdom than gold! and to get understanding rather to be chosen than silver!"

We discussed in a previous lesson how all the gold and silver in the world cannot buy you eternal life. We also talked about with wisdom and knowledge, you could acquire gold and silver.

In Proverbs 3: we discussed how divine wisdom yields the richest treasures (described in verses 14-18 as "profit," "long life," "riches," honor," "pleasant ways," "peace," "life," and "happy").

Proverbs 16 Questions

  1. The preparations of the heart in man and the answer of the tongue is from whom?
  2. In Luke 12:11-12, what did Jesus tell us to take no thought of?
  3. If God does not want us for our worldly abilities, what does He want us for?
  4. Man thinks he is alright in his own eyes, but God searches what?
  5. What teaches a false doctrine of man being the center of everything?
  6. What should we do if we want our thoughts to be established?
  7. Who did God make all things for?
  8. Even the wicked for the evil day means what?
  9. In Revelation 4:11, why was everything created?
  10. Everyone that is proud in heart is what to God?
  11. What caused Lucifer to fall?
  12. Will we ever be God? Explain.
  13. What is iniquity purged by?
  14. What causes men to depart from evil?
  15. It is an obligation of Christians to do what?
  16. If we truly love the Lord, we will have ____________ fear of Him.
  17. If a man please the Lord, who will be at peace with him?
  18. Better is a ________ with righteousness than __________without right.
  19. In chapter twelve of Luke, who does God call a fool?
  20. Who has the final word in an earthly kingdom?
  21. Who actually causes someone to be king?
  22. Who established true weights and measures?
  23. What is it an abomination for a king to do?
  24. Who did we study about in Genesis that a king made second in command?
  25. The wrath of a king is a messenger of ___________.
  26. A king's favor is as what?
  27. What is better than gold?

Proverbs Chapter 16 Continued

Proverbs 16:17 "The highway of the upright [is] to depart from evil: he that keepeth his way preserveth his soul."

A plain road represents the habitual course of the righteous in departing from evil. As long as he stays on it, he is safe.

We read in the words of Jesus about the way that leads to life.

Matthew 7:13-14 "Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide [is] the gate, and broad [is] the way, that leadeth to destruction, and many there be which go in thereat:" "Because strait [is] the gate, and narrow [is] the way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it."

Proverbs 16:18 "Pride [goeth] before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall."

Malachi 4:1 "For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch."

Haughtiness leads to hell. A haughty person thinks too highly of himself.

Proverbs 16:19 "Better [it is to be] of a humble spirit with the lowly, than to divide the spoil with the proud."

We must throw in our lot either with God or Satan. The humble have thrown in their lot with God. The proud have chosen the ways of Satan. All of the wealth in the world would not even be a temptation to go the way of Satan and reject God.

The proud are those who have plundered the poor.

Proverbs 16:20 "He that handleth a matter wisely shall find good: and whoso trusteth in the LORD, happy [is] he."

A person who trusts in God has nothing to fear. He has no reason to be unhappy. An honest business person will not fail, because his customers can trust in him. An honest business and trust in God goes hand in hand. Those who love and fear the Lord will be honest in not only in business, but in everything they do.

Trust in the Lord brings peace that passes understanding. Trust is one step beyond faith or faith to the utmost?

Proverbs 16:21 "The wise in heart shall be called prudent: and the sweetness of the lips increaseth learning."

True wisdom (godly wisdom), is the subject above. Godly wisdom is recognized by others around you and they have respect for you because of the decisions you make. We see in the rest of verse twenty-one that people who speak nice things are listened to more readily. A person will listen and learn more from someone who speaks softly and kindly.

The "sweetness of the lips" is like "words of honey" which reflect intelligence, judiciousness and discernment in speech referring to eloquent discourse from the wise.

Proverbs 16:22 "Understanding [is] a wellspring of life unto him that hath it: but the instruction of fools [is] folly."

We are told often to hide the Scriptures away in our heart. This understanding that we have stored away will come forth as we need it. It will be like a well that we can draw from over and over.

"Wellspring of life" meaning the advice of the understanding person brings blessing, which the correction offered by a fool is useless.

We are told that when we need it, the Holy Spirit will quicken Scriptures to our memory. I believe that is what is meant by the wellspring here. A fool has no stored knowledge. He has no well to draw from.

Proverbs 16:23 "The heart of the wise teacheth his mouth, and addeth learning to his lips."

In Matthew, we see in Jesus' own words that the lips speak what is in the heart.

Matthew 12:35 "A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things." The heart is the source of the words that the lips speak.

The heart referred to here commonly refers to the mind as the center of thinking and reason, but also includes the emotions, the will, and thus the whole inner being. The heart is the depository of all wisdom and the source of whatever affects speech, sight and conduct.

Proverbs 16:24 "Pleasant words [are as] a honeycomb, sweet to the soul, and health to the bones."

We know that pleasant words bring happiness to the listener. Happiness makes anyone feel better.

The honeycomb is an analogy to seek the sweetness of wisdom's rewards.

Proverbs 16:25 "There is a way that seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof [are] the ways of death."

One of the most dangerous things a man can do is try to do whatever feels good to him. This is the call of the flesh. The flesh life is a life of sin and destruction.

Both the narrow gate and the wide gate are assumed to provide the entrance to God's kingdom. Two ways are offered to people. The narrow gate is by faith, only through Christ, constricted and precise. It represents true salvation in God's way that lead to life eternal. The wide gate includes all religions of works and self-righteousness, with no single way, but it leads to hell, not heaven.

Proverbs 16:26 "He that laboureth laboreth for himself; for his mouth craveth it of him."

Most people work to buy food for their table. If a person gets hungry enough, some of the people who do not like to work will go to work just to eat.

This is just saying, Labor is hard and often grievous, but necessary, even for the lazy.

Proverbs 16:27 "An ungodly man diggeth up evil: and in his lips [there is] as a burning fire."

This "ungodly man" literally digs a pit for his neighbor as a hunter would for prey and his speech is incendiary.

This, if done by a woman, would be called malicious gossip. The evil this man is telling burns and destroys those he is talking about. He is a false witness, stirring up strife with just an evil tongue.

Proverbs 16:28 "A froward man soweth strife: and a whisperer separateth chief friends."

This wicked man twists the truth so that he can cause trouble. He whispers in a neighbor's ear falsehoods about his friends and is not satisfied until he turns them against each other.

The word soweth or "spreads", is the same root word used for the release of flaming foxes in the grain fields of the Philistines. The whisperer is a gossip.

Proverbs 16:29 "A violent man enticeth his neighbor, and leadeth him into the way [that is] not good."

Haven't you known someone just like this? He is probably a drunkard and looking for someone to get drunk with so he will not feel quite so guilty himself. He may even be an adulterer and encouraging his neighbor to commit adultery too.

Sometimes it is no more than talking you into getting into a quick scheme to swindle someone out of their money. The best thing to do is to stay away from this type of person. We learned earlier that when we fellowship with someone, we become like them.

Proverbs 16:30 "He shutteth his eyes to devise froward things: moving his lips he bringeth evil to pass."

We are still talking of this evil man of verse twenty-nine. This is saying: keep your eyes wide open, don't fall for his sales pitch. Moving his lips means he talks you into bringing the evil thing to pass.

Proverbs 16:31 "The hoary head [is] a crown of glory, [if] it be found in the way of righteousness."

This calls for respecting elders.

We see the man with gray hair has lived this life and getting ready for his reward in heaven. Getting old is a blessing and a reward of a clean wholesome life. To me the hoary head is saying "you have run the race well, and you are on the last lap now".

Proverbs 16:32 "[He that is] slow to anger [is] better than the mighty; and he that ruleth his spirit than he that taketh a city."

Ephesians 4:31 "Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamor, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice:"

You see, not only are we to be slow to anger, but we are to put anger away from us. The spirit must rule over the body. The spirit ruled by the Lord has eternal life to look forward to.

This scripture is saying that he that is righteous is better than one who is mighty but not necessarily wise. The mighty can overtake and destroy a city or an army, but he that rules his spirit is mightier than he.

Proverbs 16:33 "The lot is cast into the lap; but the whole disposing thereof [is] of the LORD."

This is just saying they could cast lots to settle a matter if they want to, but really God is the one who decides who does what.

The casting lots was a method often used to reveal god's purposes in a matter. The High Priest may have carried lots in his sacred vest, along with the Urim and Thummim.

Proverbs 16 Continued Questions

  1. What is the highway of the upright?
  2. What gate leads to eternal life?
  3. What goeth before destruction in verse 18?
  4. In chapter 4 of Malachi, what happens to the proud?
  5. It is better to be a humble spirit with the lowly than what?
  6. The proud have chosen whose way?
  7. Compare trust to faith.
  8. The wise in heart shall be called what?
  9. In verse 22, what is the wellspring?
  10. What does Matthew 12:35 teach us?
  11. In verse 24, what are pleasant words compared to?
  12. There is a way that seemeth right unto a man, but the end is ___________.
  13. What is one of the most dangerous things a man could do?
  14. Why do most men labor?
  15. The evil man who speaks evil is compared to what in the mouth?
  16. A froward man soweth __________.
  17. Whispers can do what to a friendship?
  18. A violent man ___________ his neighbor.
  19. This violent man probably has what sins active in his life?
  20. In verse 30, what does moving his lips mean?
  21. What do we see in the man with the hoary head?
  22. What is the hoary head saying to the author?
  23. Someone slow to anger is better than whom?
  24. What is meant by lot is cast in the lap

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Proverbs 17

Proverbs Chapter 17

Proverbs 17:1 "Better [is] a dry morsel, and quietness therewith, than a house full of sacrifices [with] strife."

Part of the thank and peace offering was eaten by the family of the offeror. When these offerings were made, it would have been feast day in the home. This much beautiful food would have meant nothing if arguing and turmoil was in the home.

Prov. 15:17 "Better is a dish of herbs where love is, than a stalled ox and hatred therewith".

Many people of that day sopped their bread in water before they ate it like our fathers ate bread softened by coffee in their day. This scripture is saying that peace in a family is more important than the food and drink.

Our homes should be a place of peace to get away from the troubles of the world, not a battle ground.

Proverbs 17:2 "A wise servant shall have rule over a son that causeth shame, and shall have part of the inheritance among the brethren."

We remember that the prodigal son who left his home and fell into terrible problems said, "the servants of my father have plenty to eat and more". He left this sinful life and came home to be a servant, because it was better than the life he was leading.

A really good example of a slave who was elevated by his master was Abraham's slave who Abraham entrusted everything to. He even trusted him to choose a wife for his beloved Isaac.

In Genesis, we see just what Abraham entrusted to this servant.

Genesis 24:2 "And Abraham said unto his eldest servant of his house, that ruled over all that he had, Put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh:"

This eldest servant was in charge of everything and now Abraham has him to swear to him that he will go and get Isaac a wife.

We see here, the value of trusted servants. A faithful servant will rise above an unworthy son and receive an inheritance.

Proverbs 17:3 "The fining pot [is] for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the LORD trieth the hearts."

Silver and gold are made pure by melting them down with great heat. The impurities come to the top when they are melted and can be skimmed right off the top.

I believe this is saying that we may go through fiery trials (to make us more pure in heart). The Lord burns all the impurities out of us and makes us pure before Him.

Proverbs 17:4 "A wicked doer giveth heed to false lips; [and] a liar giveth ear to a naughty tongue."

A wicked person travels with wicked people. Their